The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome World History-Schoellhorn
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The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Greece and Rome World History-Schoellhorn Slide 2 Waking Up from the Dark Ages At the end of the Middle Ages, the church began to lose power. Couldnt stop the plague Became power hungry and corrupt Uneducated people bought their way into the church. Couldnt regain the Holy Land People began to wake up from the dark and see the light. Realized the church couldnt give them all the answers. Realized people like Muslims were doing well studying Greek and Roman advances. Began searching for new knowledge, breaking away from the church. Slide 3 Theres No Place Like Rome People in Europe realized that before the dark ages, the Greeks and Romans had been pretty smart. Began studying ancient Greek and Roman ideas to find new answers the church couldnt provide. Developed new ideas that were Secular: not based on religion. Slide 4 Renaissance: The Rebirth Renaissance means rebirth or reawakening in French Began around 1400 AD, 1000 years after Rome fell!. During this time period, people were waking up from the dark ages Roman and Greek ideas were reborn and reused across Europe. Slide 5 For Example: Hello Humanism! The Ancient Greeks believed in Humanism Humanism: The belief that humans and their lives are more important or equal to religious/supernatural things. Basically, humans were as awesome, if not more awesome than the gods and should be studied, celebrated. Slide 6 What do Humanists believe? God/gods made humans God/gods gave humans talents God/gods gave humans an earth. Therefore.. Humans are awesome, not evil (like the church said) Humans should use/show off those talents. Humans should learn about their earth. Anatomy Biology Science Slide 7 A picture is worth a thousand words One of the best ways to see the Greek belief in humanism is by looking at their art. You can actually see the Renaissance happening! For example, what does this sculpture say about the people who created it? How do they view themselves? Slide 8 Lets Recap of the Classics.. Classical: Art, architecture or ideas from or inspired by Ancient Greece and Rome. Believed humans were awesome. Explored mans abilities Man was made by the gods.gods were awesomeso man was awesome! Show that body off! During the Renaissance, humanism led to a rebirth of the classical style and the philosophy of humanism Slide 9 The Body Beautiful During the Renaissance, humans (especially artists) adopted the ideas of humanism. Began viewing humans as beautiful, not ugly or sinful like the church said they were. During the middle ages, the church required all people to be covered up in art. During the Renaissance, nudity was accepted to show off the body. Slide 10 WaitWhy do the Classics include Greece AND Rome? Roman artists, sculptors and architects copied Greeks as the standard of excellence. Roman art looks more real, to celebrate personality of a person. Slide 11 The Awesomeness of Classical Art Classical Greek/Roman artists show the belief of humanism. Made sculptures/art look as real as possible, almost impossibly real. Showed talent and skill Nudity was fine, showing off the body Gods were okay to show in art, made to look like man Slide 12 Slide 13 The Church Changes the Middle Ages Constantine legalized Christianity in 313 AD. When Rome fell, Christianity remained the most powerful thing in Europe, even controlling the art. Christians did not want to look like polytheistic Romans. No more statues No more realism No more humanism NO more gods/goddesses Absolutely NO nudity Slide 14 The Rules of Religion During the M.A., focus of art was on Christianity, Bible stories, and churches. Used mainly to tell a story or teach a lesson, NOT show talent. Art didnt completely die during the Middle Ages, but humanism did. Showing off your talent was a sin, vanity. Only create art to tell a story or message, not to show off. Art was used as control to scare ignorant people. Slide 15 What Happened?! Before Rome fell After Rome fell, during the Middle Ages Slide 16 Ancient Rome.. Slide 17 Middle ages Slide 18 Charlemagne is the Exception Charlemagne wanted to recreate Rome. Used Roman and Greek styles in art and architecture.until his empire fell. The Middle Ages ALMOST ended early under Charlemagne Slide 19 Secular Studies Humanists of the Renaissance began studying/painting things that werent religions. Secular: Non-Religious. Some even included Greek and Roman gods/goddesses in their work. Celebrate THIS life, not worry about the afterlife. Slide 20 It First Came to Florence Florence, Italy: The Birthplace of the Renaissance. Really close to Rome, the inspiration for the Renaissance. Italy never really used Feudalism, actually had money to spend on art/artists. Not really supervised by the church, allowed freedom of new ideas. The Commercial revolution made middle class people wealthy with money to spend on nice stuff..like art. Slide 21 Slide 22 Meet the Medici Medicis were a banking in Florence family, loaned money to other city states. When someone wanted to attack the Medici, they called in that city-states loans. Sono one ever attacked them. Medici used their wealth as Patrons to local artists like Michelangelo. They sponsored the Renaissance. Slide 23 Why Was it Easy for the Italians? The Renaissance began in Italy because. 1. No Feudalism, lots of money 2. Most people already spoke Latin/Greek, could read classical texts without translation. 3. Surrounded by Classical art/architecture, easy to copy and change. Slide 24 The Medici chapel designed by Michelangelo Slide 25 How can you see humanism and classical influence here? Slide 26 The Return of the Amazing Architecture! Even Greek and Roman architecture was reborn during the Renaissance. What do you see in this building that shows classical Greek/Roman influence? Slide 27 How does this. Compare to this? Slide 28 Humanism Everywhere! Artists werent the only ones using humanism as their inspiration. Writers, scientists and even rulers began using humanism to figure out how to be the best humans possible. Slide 29 Writing in the Renaissance Literature in the Middle Ages became focused on humans and individuals. Niccolo Machiavelli Writer from Florence Friend of the Medici family wrote The Prince examining how a king should rule as a human being. Is it better for a ruler to be loved or feared by his people? Slide 30 A Whole New World During the Renaissance, Europe woke up from the Dark Ages by returning to the classical styles and ideas of Greece and Rome. We can see this the most in the art, architecture and literature (culture) of the Renaissance.