renaissance age period of rebirth and achievement
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Renaissance AgePeriod of Rebirth andAchievement
When you hear the names Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael and Donatello you should not just think of They are the names of important people from the period called the Renaissance.
I. What does Renaissance mean? REBIRTH
II. Why does the Renaissance begin in Italy?Renaissance in ItalyRome was the center of Roman History.Trade revived quicklyWealthy merchants became patrons to artists. Italy recovered quickly from the plague
Lorenzo MediciInfluential patron from wealthy business familysupported many artists like Michelangelo
Florence, ItalyPatron- financial supporterMichelangelo lived in his palace and met other artists
Humanism- emphasis on individual uniqueness and worth.
Perspective was used by Renaissance artists to create dimension and depth.1 point Perspective2 Point PerspectiveIV. Important Terms
Leonardo Da VinciArtist, inventor, botanist
Renaissance man Influenced many other artists. Dissected corpses to learn about the body (to paint realistically).
He designed early versions of: Helicopter, Tank, Parachute, Hang Glider, Pedometer, Submarine and many other inventions.
The Last Supper
Michelangelo Painter, sculptor, architect, poetStarted sculpting at age 14. Studied anatomy, dissected corpses
FOR MORE INFO...Works:The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Fresco- painting on fresh plaster
The Creation of AdamThe Sistine ChapelMichelangelo
The Last Judgment
Ever seen these angels?Michelangelo painted them on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
St. Peters Basilica in Rome The dome was designed by Michelangelo. OutsideInsideIdeas were based on Roman and Greek architectural elements.
D. Donatello -Sculptor (Not only a Ninja Turtle)DavidMade of bronzeMichelangelos version
FOR MORE INFO...Raphael- painterBlended Christian and classical stylesThe School of Athens
The Chess Game
Sofonisba Anguissola- painter Bold, realistic portraitsCourt painter for Philip II of Spain
Niccolo Machiavelli Observed kings at courtWrote The Prince- a How To book to get and keep power as a ruler
Baldassare Castiglione Played music, studied lit. and historyWrote The Book of the Courtier- about how to act as a noble
The Renaissance moves north 100 years after it began in Italy.
Northern Europe recovered from the Plague more slowly. Northern Renaissance
called the German Leonardo. Studied in Italy and spread ideas North engravingsPrintspaintings
Albrecht Durer - Artist
Hubert and Jan van Eyck- Flemish painters
The Virgin of Chancellor Wedding Portrait
developed oil paints and painted realistic scenes.
Jan Van Eyck: Arnolfini Wedding Portrait
The Peasant WeddingPeasant Dance
Pieter Bruegel- artist influenced Flemish paintersUsed vibrant colors to paint peasant life.
Peter Paul Rubens mixed realistic style with the classical themes.
Erasmus- Dutch writerHumanistWanted the Bible translated into the vernacular (every day language) and Church Reforms
Wrote new edition of Bible in Greek and Latin
Sir Thomas More- writerWrote Utopia (book to describe ideal society) Wanted social and economic reforms No Private Property Education For All Justice is used to end crime
William Shakespeare : PlaywrightCreated 1700 new words
wrote 37 plays in 23 years
BedroomLonelyGenerousGloomyHeartsickHurry SneakRomeo and JulietMacBethHamlet
Miguel de Cervantes- Spanish writerDon Quixote (the book Man of La Mancha is based on)
Wrote the first modern novel
Johannes Guttenberg- German inventorImproved moveable type invented the printing pressThe Guttenberg Bible
How did the printing press impact Europe?Literacy increasedKnowledge and ideas spreadBooks were cheaper and easier to makeSchools were built to teach children how to read and write