the english renaissance 1485-1660. 14 th century, italy european renaissance period begins...

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  • Slide 1
  • The English Renaissance 1485-1660
  • Slide 2
  • 14 th Century, Italy European Renaissance Period Begins Renaissance = Rebirth
  • Slide 3
  • Medieval World View Religion and the Afterlife Rural self-sustaining system based in farms and villages
  • Slide 4
  • Renaissance World View International Trading Economy Stress Human Life here on Earth
  • Slide 5
  • New emphasis on individual and development of human potential Cultivating innate talents to the fullest Arts and Literature flourishes
  • Slide 6
  • Questioning Time worn truths and challenging authority
  • Slide 7
  • English After 1485 when the War of the Roses ended and Henry VII came to power
  • Slide 8
  • Henry VII Built up the nations merchant fleet Financed expeditions that established English claims in the New World
  • Slide 9
  • Henry VIII Succeeds throne in 1509 Skilled athlete, poet, musician Well educated in French, Italian, and Latin
  • Slide 10
  • marries Princess Catherine of Spain After 18 years of marriage, only 1 daughter: Mary WANTS A MALE HEIR!!
  • Slide 11
  • Requests to have marriage annulled to marry Catherines court attendant, Anne Boleyn
  • Slide 12
  • marries Anne Boleyn Breaks from Roman Catholic Church because Pope refuses 1534 declares himself head of the Church of England
  • Slide 13
  • Those opposed paid with their lives Dissolved English monasteries and distributed their landholdings
  • Slide 14
  • Continued Anne Boleyn produces ONLY 1 Daughter, Elizabeth Shes charged and executed for adultery and incest
  • Slide 15
  • marries Jane Seymour She produces one son Edward VI Edward dies at age of 9 in 1547
  • Slide 16
  • Mary takes the throne Tries to reintroduce Roman Catholicism Marries cousin Philip of Spain and persecutes Protestants =Bloody Mary Dies in 1558
  • Slide 17
  • Elizabeth I takes throne English Renaissance reached its full potential Unprecedented prosperity and international prestige
  • Slide 18
  • Elizabeth loved pomp and ceremony but was frugal and balanced national budget. Absolute authority but sensitive to public opinion and respectful of parliament
  • Slide 19
  • Continued Reestablished Church of England Elizabeth kept England out of wars and ended Spanish alliance Never married
  • Slide 20
  • Renaissance drama flourishes during this time: drama concerned with the complexities of human life here on earth 1603 Elizabeth dies
  • Slide 21
  • King James I and King Charles (1625) Belief in the divine right of kings: Gods representatives in civil and religious matters
  • Slide 22
  • 1629- Charles dismisses Parliament = Operating without trial by jury Deepening of religious, political and economic unrest
  • Slide 23
  • Civil war Royalists vs. Parliament 1649 King executed (Royalists defeated)
  • Slide 24
  • Afterwards English Theaters closed Most forms of recreation suspended Even walking for pleasure is forbidden 1660 = New Parliament, Charles II to throne, RESTORATION PERIOD begins
  • Slide 25
  • POETRY OF RENAISSANCE
  • Slide 26
  • Lyric Poems Written to be sung Purpose was to express the authors feelings
  • Slide 27
  • Pastoral Verse Represents an idealized picture of nature and rural life
  • Slide 28
  • Metaphysical Poetry Uses unusual imagery and elaborate metaphors (conceits)
  • Slide 29
  • Epic Poetry Examples: Paradise Lost by John Milton The Odyssey
  • Slide 30
  • Literary Terms Rhyme scheme Simile Tone Alliteration Stanzas Mood Paraphrasing

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