the renaissance “rebirth”

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The Renaissance “Rebirth”. 1300’s-1600’s. Renaissance = rebirth. Began in Italy Rome and all of it’s history was there Characteristics: Revival in learning Urban society with a secular (worldly) viewpoint and wealth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • The RenaissanceRebirth1300s-1600s

  • Renaissance = rebirthBegan in ItalyRome and all of its history was thereCharacteristics:Revival in learningUrban society with a secular (worldly) viewpoint and wealthRecovery from disasters like the plague and a decline in the Churchs powerEmphasized individual ability- Renaissance Man like Leonardo da Vinci

  • Important Italian City-StatesFlorence (Northern Italy)Medici family (Lorenzo Medici especially)Cultural center of Italy

  • Niccolo MachiavelliWrote The PrinceAbout political power in the western worldHow to get and keep powerLeader acts on behalf of the state and cant be concerned with what is morally right/wrong, only what will keep him in power

  • Renaissance Society3 estates/classesPeasants/Townspeople85-90% of the populationMostly merchants and artisans1300s-1400s feudalism ended and urban poverty rose dramaticallyUrban societyPatricians: wealth from trade, industry, and banking (dominate community)Burghers: shopkeepers, artisansWorkers: pitiful wagesUnemployed: 30-40% of populationNobles2-3% of populationHeld most important political posts, advisors to the kingClergy

  • HumanismIntellectual movement of the RenaissanceBased on study of the classics (ancient Greeks and Romans)Petrarch: father of Italian humanism, began emphasis on using pure classical Latin14th century: intellectual life of solitude (monks)15th century: active life for ones state, study of humanities should be put to the service of the state so they served as secretaries in the city-states and to the princes and popes

  • Vernacular Literature (own language)Dante: Divine Comedy a souls journey to salvation, written in ItalianGeoffrey Chaucer: The Canterbury Tales- collection of stories told by a group journeying to the tomb of St. Thomas a Becket at Canterbury in England, described English society, written in EnglishChristine de Pizan: French works written in defense of women, French vernacular

  • EducationHumanists believed education could dramatically change human beings livesLiberal StudiesEnabled people to reach full potentialHistory, moral philosophy, rhetoric (public speaking), grammar and logic, math, astronomy, music, and physical educationPurpose: to produce individuals who follow a path of virtue and wisdom, a practical education to create complete citizens

  • Girls EducationFew went to schoolGirls studied the classics and were encouraged to know some history, how to ride, dance, sing, play the lute, and appreciate poetryNOT taught rhetoric or mathReligion and morals should be the foremost in educating Christian ladies so they could become good wives and mothers

  • Artistic Renaissance in ItalyHumans became the focus of attention and were portrayed realisticallyPerspective: enabled artists to create the illusion of 3 dimensions so art looks more realistichttp://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v407/n6801/images/407134aa.0.jpg

  • New Techniques in PaintingFresco: painting done on wet plasterMasaccio very well known for his frescoesAlso one of first to master perspectiveThe Tribute Moneywww.myeport.com/.../slideshow/2/1.28070.G.jpg

  • Sculpture and ArchitectureDonatelloSculptorStatue of Saint George: realistic, freestanding figureDonatello: Statue of Saint Georgehttp://www.artchive.com/artchive/d/donatello/donatello_george.jpg

  • Masters of the High Renaissance 1490-1520: Final stage of Renaissance paintingLeonardo da VinciRealistic paintingGoal was to create idealized forms that would capture the perfection of nature and the individualDissected bodies to see how they naturally workedwww.latifm.com/artists/image/da-vinci-leonard... www.penwith.co.uk/artofeurope/leonardo_da_vin... Mona LisaThe Last Supper

  • RaphaelOne of best painters in ItalyKnown for his MadonnasTried to achieve an ideal of beauty far surpassing human standardsKnown for frescoes in the Vatican PalaceThe School of Athenswww.penwith.co.uk/artofeurope/raphael.htm

  • MichelangeloPainter, sculptor, architectDriven by desire to create, worked with great passion and energy on many projectsSistine Chapel ceiling in RomeIdeal figures in perfect proportionshttp://www.italianvisits.com/people/michelangelo/images/michelangelo-sistine_chapel.jpg

  • Northern Artistic RenaissanceLow Countries: Belgium, Luxembourg, the NetherlandsFlanders: cultural and artistic center of the Northern RenaissanceHow was the Northern Renaissance different than in Italy? (besides happening a little later)Italy: Large spaces to work on, mastered technical skills that allowed them to portray humans in realistic settingsNorth: Gothic Cathedrals (less space), no frescoes, painted illustrations for books and wooden panels for altar pieces, not as many learned perspective as quickly

  • Artists of the Northern RenaissanceJan van EyckAmong 1st to use oil paint, could use a variety of colors and create fine details with itImitated nature by observing reality and portraying those details the best he couldDid NOT use perspectiveThe Ghent Altarpiecewww.ibiblio.org/.../auth/eyck/ghent/ghentopn.jpg

  • Albrecht DrerLearned perspective during trips to ItalyTried to use the details of the Northern artists and combine with the Italian techniquesTried to achieve a standard of ideal beauty based on careful examination of the human formThe Adoration of the Majiimagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/SHD/S10

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