the renaissance rebirth of western europe
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DESCRIPTIONThe Renaissance Rebirth of Western Europe. Why “Rebirth”?. The word R enaissance means rebirth. Used to describe the time that followed the Middle Ages The Renaissance was a time of new thought and advancement. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The RenaissanceRebirth of Western Europe
The word Renaissance means rebirth. Used to describe the time that followed the Middle AgesThe Renaissance was a time of new thought and advancement. New ways of thinking developed in the areas of art, architecture, science, philosophy, and politics.
Why Rebirth?During the Renaissance, Italy was a collection of city-states, each with its own rulerthe Pope in Rome, the Medici family in Florence, the Doge in Venice, the Sforza family in Milan, the Este family in Ferrara
Among the ruling families of these city-states there was conflict and intense rivalryeither by open warfare or through economic and artistic competition.
Renaissance Trade Routes
The States of Italy during the Renaissance, c.1494
Medici FamilyMedici Family: Bankers from Florence
Florence: center of the Renaissance movement (because of the Medici family support)
Patron: Someone who provides support to a specific cause and/or person/peopleFor example: The Medici Family funded many Renaissance Artists. The Pope was also a patron of Renaissance art.
Patrons:In Renaissance ItalyMoney Could Buy You a lot of Things
But most importantly, it could buy you RESPECTGlorify GodThat's the way to get a rich rascal like yourself into heavenGlorify your cityThat's the way to get ahead in politics and powerGlorify yourself and your familyThat's the way to real immortality
Good FoodExpensive ThingsFine ClothingIn Renaissance Italy, making money and getting rich was considered sinfulthe Catholic Church even banned banks from charging interest on loans!
That didn't stop anyone from trying to get rich
Those who got rich usually felt an obligation to give something back to society. A work of art became a popular item for rich bankers and merchants to commission on behalf of their family, their city, or their God.Why Patrons Gave
Can art buy my way into heaven?The Printing Press
Invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1455How did it work?Block letters were held together by a wooden form. Ink was rolled over the raised surfaces and then pressed against a sheet of paper.
How were books made before the invention of the printing press?Books could be produced quickly and with relatively little effortBookmaking became less expensive More people could afford to buy booksPeople began demanding books that were printed in the vernacularLiteracy rates went upPeople start to learn about Humanism What gunpowder did for war the printing press has done for the mind
Vernacular: the native language of a place (Italian, French, German, etc)During the Middle Ages, scholars had been guided by the teachings of the church, and people had concerned themselves with actions leading to heavenly rewardsSPIRITUAL
During the Renaissance, Western Europeans rediscovered the classics of Ancient Greece and Rome and became more focused on humans, their intellect and life here on earth SECULAR