the renaissance in italy. what is the renaissance? the word renaissance means “rebirth.” the...
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The Renaissance In Italy
What is the Renaissance?The word Renaissance means Rebirth.During the Middle Ages, people had lived lives centered around their villages or towns.Their lives were based around the Catholic Church.
What Changed During the Renaissance?The Renaissance began around 1300 and reached its peak around 1500.The Renaissance marked the transition from the medieval world to the modern world.Interest was reawakened in the Greek and Roman writings and learning.
During the Middle Ages, scholars focused on religion. Renaissance thinkers focused on this lifetime and the experience of being human.This movement was called humanism. These new thinkers focused on a variety of topics.
The Renaissance Starts in ItalyItaly had the remains of Ancient Rome.Italy was on the Mediterranean and in an ideal place for trading.The Roman Catholic Church was based in Italy.Italy was divided into city states.
Patrons and Powerful FamiliesCity states were ruled by powerful families and a strong merchant class.The Medici family of Florence was the most famous of these.These families served as patrons of the arts. That means they gave money to artists.
Renaissance Art FlourishesMany artists were supported by powerful patrons.They more topics than just religious themes.Artists made realistic artwork and used perspective.Perspective means making close items larger than far items to make it seem realistic.Artists also used shading and correct anatomy.
Leonardo da VinciHe was the ultimate Renaissance man.He was a painter and engineer. He created famous paintings and also created inventions.He was known for his curiosity and ingenuity.He learned about human anatomy by dissecting cadavers.
The Last Supper
The Mona Lisa
The Notebooks of Leonardo
MichelangeloHe was a sculptor, engineer, painter, architect, and poet.He created marble masterpieces and painted the Sistine Chapel.He also created the design for the dome of St. Peters Cathedral.
The Sistine Chapel
The Dome of St. Peters Basilica
Rafael, the School of Athens
The Renaissance Spreads to the Rest of Europe
The Printing RevolutionDuring the Middle Ages, books were copied by scribes and monks by hand.Around 1455, a German named Johann Gutenberg created the first moveable type printing press.This made books much more common and much more accessible to the people.
The Printing Press
Sir Thomas Mores UtopiaThomas More was an English writer.He wrote a book about a perfect society called Utopia where everyone is equal and everyone lives in peace and harmony.We still use the word utopia to describe a perfect world or society.
William ShakespeareShakespeare was the most important literary writer during the Renaissance.He wrote 37 plays that are still performed today.He also greatly enriched the English language.