Renaissance. What was it? A rebirth the time when people began to get interested in ancient art and ideas from the past especially in ancient Rome led

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  • Renaissance

  • What was it?A rebirth the time when people began to get interested in ancient art and ideas from the pastespecially in ancient Romeled to many new works of arttime when people began to think for themselvestime when people began to question beliefs that had been taken for granted

  • Huge changes in...Art ScienceArchitectureMedicineLiterature

  • Starts in Italy why?Buildings and objects from Ancient Rome were still in italy - Italy had been the centre of the Roman empiremany greek manuscripts had been brought to italy for safekeeping by greek scholars in 1453 after the fall of ConstantinopleItalian merchants were richer than elsewhere in europe - they had money to spend on artcompetition between diff italian cities to outdo each other in making their city beautiful - patrons were will to spend money to get artists and architects to do this

  • Differences between medieval and renaissance1. In middle ages only religious figures could read and write - they studied the biblein renaissance, many people learned how to read and write - they studied the writings of Ancient Rome, as well as bible2. In middle ages people accepted the teaching of the Catholic Church, even in geography and science - they didnt think for themselvesin renaissance, people started to think for themselves - started to question the teachings of the Church

  • Humanismrenaissance idea

    belief that humans are at the centre of everything

  • Patronsrich merchants, and popes and bishops were patronsthey paid an artist to produce a work of artfamous patrons - Medicis - Lorenzo de Medici

  • always religious topicsno sense of humanity in the faces2 dimensional - no perspectivehaloes around headno sense of anatomy - ie bodies were not realisticthe main person in the picture would be the biggesthumans not important to the picture - often v small

  • Renaissance paintingsnew techniques usedperspective - 3D - things further away look smaller anatomy - artists studied human body - often dissected dead bodies to understandnature - nature scenes and animals began to become more realistic

  • Renaissance Painting technique - sfumatoreal skin has different shades sfumato - blurring to create different shadesartists rubbed the paintblurring the edges

  • Oils in middle ages, egg white used to mix paintsdried quickly so artists had to work quicklynow in renaissance, oil was useddried slowlyartists had more time to be accurate

  • New humanismartists still painted religious paintingsbut now the characters were more human, more like usalso, pictures of just normal people started to be paintedin middle ages, this would not have been considered worthwhilethese were called portraitswealthy patrons would get themselves painted or their wivesexample, Mona Lisa is a portrait of a merchants wife

  • Frescos a picture painted directly onto a wallin ancient rome there had been many frescosnow renaissances artists started using them againDe Vincis The Lat Supper is an example

  • Da VinciBorn in Vinci in 1452 near FlorenceApprenticed to Florentine artisthe would often paint the smaller objects in a painting by his mastersoon became famoushis dove in * showed people his skill

  • often didnt finish his paintings Adoration of the Magi is unfinishedlost interest in them

  • used the new renaissance techniquessfumatoportraitsperspectiveanatomy - he dissected many bodiesoften included animals in his paintings

  • Mona Lisaone of his most famous works now hangs in the Louvre museumportrait of his patrons wifesfumato used in her face and handswe can see the diff shading in her facethe creases in her dress are v lifelike

  • mysterious expression in her smile......shows how he perfectly captured her human qualitiesshows his knowledge of anatomynature in backgroundalso perspective in backgroundroad twists and turns; a river flows

  • leaves Florence for MilanNew patron, Sforza, Duke of MilanPaints The Last Supper on wall of a ChurchFrescoPaint has peeled and colors fadedbut still famousalthough its religious, we still see the human qualities of the apostleswe can see fear, confusionperspective in backgroundjesus, even though he is the main focus in the not bigger than the others

  • Notebook (1)Kept his ideas in a notebookcarried it with himused mirror writing to protect itperhaps afraid people might steal his ideas also afraid the Catholic Church would not like his theories

  • Notebook (2)contained diagrams for machinesinventions of submarine and helicoptercontains the shocking line, the sun does not revolve around the earthinvented weapons for Zforza, duke of milanalso studied biology and made many drawings of plants and animals in them

  • Francehis popularity dwindled because of younger artists such as Michelangeloso he moved to francedied there in 1519thats why Mona Lisa is in the Louvre

  • Importance of Da Vincia Polymath - the typical renaissance mantried his hand at everythingsculpture, painting, inventionsused the new techniqueshis paintings still admired today