the renaissance period (england 1485-1660)
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DESCRIPTIONThe Renaissance Period (England 1485-1660). The Renaissance Rediscovering Ancient Greece and Rome. Renaissance / _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The 16th Century
The Renaissance Period(England 1485-1660)The RenaissanceRediscovering Ancient Greece and RomeRenaissance /____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Refers to the renewal of curiosity and creativity. Peoples values
BeliefsBehaviorrebirth The RenaissanceRediscovering Ancient Greece and RomeRenewal of Human SpiritRenaissance personWell rounded interests:___________ ______________________________________________________
InventorScienceLanguages, etc.The Church is still rich and powerful.
It All Began in Italy: A Flourish of Genius______________________ was responsible for financing many intellectual and artistic endeavors. A few Italian geniuses: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Roman Catholic Church Boccaccio/Author of The Decameron
DaVinci/The perfect Renaissance Man
Columbus/An explorerHumanism: Questions About the Good Life_________ was an artistic/intellectual movement which:Used the classics combined with traditional Christian thought _________________________________________ ________.Taught people how to live and rule by answering the question how do we achieve happiness; which is through ____________ tried to harmonize Bible with classics i.e. Greek and Latin.a life of virtue.HumanismTwo Friends Two HumanistsTwo prominent humanists are:____________________________Dutch Monk---loved to travel---wrote in LatinBelonged to all of Europe---because of travelsOn a trip to EnglandTaught Greek at CambridgeMet and became friends with a young lawyer_____________________________________________________________________________________________________He wrote poems, pamphlets
However, Utopia had the greatest impact. Desiderius Erasmus (1466?-1536)
Sir Thomas More (1477?-1535)
The New Technology: A Flood of PrintThe _____________ was created in about 1455 by Johann Gutenberg, and transformed the way information was exchanged.The first book printed______________________Helped spread knowledgeMade books more available to more people(REVOLUTIONIZED THE WORLD)______________Created the English Printing Press (set up) in 1476
Printing press The Latin Bible
A common feature common to all Reformers was ___________________________________________ _________In Germany __________________________________
This action against the Church is a historic event. The Reformation: Breaking with the Church People should share have personal understanding of the Bible rather than depend on the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. , Martin Luther 1517 pined his thesis statements to the door of the church, which stated that the New Christianity states:
The rejection of authority of the Pope and the Italian churchman.The Reformation: Breaking with the Church continued There were three circumstances that led to Englands break with the Church.____________________________________________________________________________________Financial burdens.Patriotism.National Identity.King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an Heir
King Henry VIII wanted to end his marriage with Catherine of Aragon because:__________________________________________________King Henry VIII wanted to break with the Catholic Church ____________________________ ___________________________________________King Henry VIII executed Sir Thomas More ___________________________________________He wanted to marry Ann Boleyn.She was unable to give King Henry a son. because he wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragaon.because More did not recognize King Henry VIII as head of the church. More believed that church and state should be separate.King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an Heir continuedThere were five groups dissatisfied with the Church of England:_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________These groups were dissatisfied with the Church of England because:____________________________________________ ____________________________________________.Puritans remember this one.PresbyteriansBaptistsNon conformistDissidentsThese groups felt that it was a copy of the Catholic Church.King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an Heir continuedThe five things these dissatisfied groups wanted to get rid of were:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________BishopsPrayer booksPriests vestmentsChurch bellsStain glass windowsKing Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an HeirKing Henry VIII Wives were:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Katherine of Aragon (annulled)
Ann Boleyn (beheaded)Anne of Cleves (divorced)Catherine Howard (beheaded)Catherine Parr (survived)Jane Seymour (died)King Henry VIII :Renaissance Man and Executioner________________ started the Royal Navy, however:_______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________.Under King Henry VIII it became a powerful force. Put stop to foreign invasions, allowed England to spread power, language, literature all over world. (beginnings of England as World Power)
King Henrys father King Henry VIII Versus Pope: All for an HeirKing Henry VIII is considered a Renaissance Man because:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________ wrote poetry, music, literaturein youth very athletic, handsome
ladies man, good dancer, etc.
Henry VIII: Renaissance Man and ExecutionerList Henry VIIIs wives, their fates and children (if any) he had with each.
READY, SET, GO .Katherine of AragonWife 1
Katherine of Aragon continued Very Catholic!They were very happy for awhile.Gave birth to daughter: Mary.Doesnt give him the son he wants, eyes move elsewhere to Anne Boleyn.Annulment (divorce) sends her back to Spain.
Anne Boleyn Wife 2
Anne Boleyn continued Henry created the Church of English in 1531 for her.Henry became attracted to her about 1525 she was one of Katherine of Aragons ladies in waiting.Henry sent Cardinal Wolsey to the Pope to plead his case for a divorce. Wolsey was later dismissed as Lord Chancellor.Henry secretly married Anne 1533.Anne Boleyn continued Parliament declared the marriage to Katherine invalidCareful..if marriage is invalidWhat happens to Mary????She is considered illegitimate.Anne gives birth to Elizabeth Sept. 1533Jane SeymourWife 3
Jane SeymourQuiet, mousey and frail.One of Anne Boleyns ladies in waitingSeemed to always be frightened.VERY different from Katherine and Anne.Married Henry day after Boleyns execution.Already carrying Henrys only legitimate son.Edward (1547-1553)Childhood fever causes his death.Was Henrys favoriteshe gave him a son.Anne of ClevesWife 4
Anne of ClevesWife 41540---Henry marries her, sight unseen.Alliance with Germany.Had only seen portraits of Anne (in person, didnt like what he saw called her a Flanders mare.)She saw what was coming (SMART).Testified-the marriage was never consummated. Probably most fortunate of all Henrys wives.Received many gifts from Henry (SET for LIFE).Catherine HowardWife 5
Catherine HowardBorn between 1520 and 1525no recordCousin of Anne Boleyn (poor side of family)Wild child -- not supervised like most young childrenAffair with music teacherAffair with estate managerOne of Anne of Cleves ladies in waiting
Catherine Howard continued Rumors she was carrying Henrys son before he annulled marriage to Anne of ClevesProbably started by her familyIt workedthey were married a few weeks later (16 days after being freed from Anne)Henry showered her with jewels and clothesHenry called her his rose without a thornCatherine vowed all his wishes would be metBUT.
Catherine Howard continued She found her marriage bedunappealingBy this time, Henry wasNearly 50 (she was approximately 19)Weighed about 300 lbs.SickHad a leg ulcerEarly in 1541..she had a romance with Thomas Culpepper.
Catherine ParrWife 6
Catherine Parr continued 1512-1548Widowed twiceIn a relationship with Thomas Seymour (Janes brother, actually married him after death of Henry)She caught Henrys eye-he proposedMarried in July 1543She was friends with his childrenEven brought Henry and his daughters togetherThrough and Act of Parliament-they were put back in the line of succession
The Boy King and Bloody Mary
The Boy King and Bloody Mary continued King Henry VIII only legitimate male heir was __________________.Edward VIMary I (Tudor) (daughter of Katherine of Aragon)
Mary I (Mary Tudor) continued Determined to have a Catholic heir.Her uncle was the King of SpainMarried the King of Spains sonPhillip 1st cousin.Strong-willed, determined to avenge the wrongs done to her mother (Katherine of Aragon). Converted England back to Roman Catholic, burned 300 Protestants at the stake, known as BLOODY MARY.Overthrown by subjects but died before being ousted.Elizabeth I: The Virgin Queen (daughter of Anne Bole