The Renaissance Period 1485-1660. The Renaissance Rebirth of intellectual and artistic ideals which characterized ancient Greek and Roman civilizations.

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  • The Renaissance Period1485-1660

  • The RenaissanceRebirth of intellectual and artistic ideals which characterized ancient Greek and Roman civilizationsAchievements in cultural and intellectual capacities and the visual arts flourished

  • The RenaissanceItaly was the center of the Renaissance, it then spread to England and beyond

  • HumanismFocused on seeking human perfectionHumanists wanted to train people to speak and write with eloquence and clarityThey sought to add grammar, poetry, rhetoric, history and philosophy to the Medieval style of education which was logic and reason

  • Henry VIIIAfter the stability of Henry VII came the turmoil of Henry VIII

  • Henry VIIIIn the beginning of the 16th Century the Protestant Reformation took place- Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the church doorThis was done in attempt to reform the Catholic church which was viewed as corruptIt fractured Christianity and began a new branch called Protestantism

  • Henry VIIIHenry took the fracture within the church as a chance to defy the pope, who would not grant him a divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, who failed to produce a male heirHe divorced her and then married Anne Boleyn

  • Henry VIIIAfter the pope excommunicated him because of the divorce, Henry seized the churchs assets, declared himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England and passed the Act of SupremacyThis act gave the king supremacy over the churchThis power makes him brutal

  • Henry VIIISir Thomas More, the center of a circle of humanists, was a counselor to Henry VIIIHe disagreed with Henrys split from the Catholic church and refused to accept him as the Supreme HeadHenry imprisoned him in the Tower of London and then beheaded him

  • Edward VIAfter the death of Henry VIII in 1547- his 9 year old son Edward VI becomes kingKnown as The Boy King, he is very sicklyThe country is ruled by a council of senior officialsEdward died at the age of 15

  • MaryAfter Edwards death, Mary becomes queen- she is the daughter of Catherine of AragonMary is a devout CatholicWife of Phillip II

  • Bloody MaryKnown as Bloody Mary for her treatment of Protestants at this timeShe tried to bring the country back to Catholicism, if any Protestant refused she executed themRoughly 275 people were killed

  • Elizabeth IAfter 5 years on the throne, Mary died and Elizabeth I was named QueenShe is strong, smart and independent and leads the country back to a national unity

  • Elizabeth IShe was a great patron of the artsElizabeth also condoned piracy- Sir Francis Drake, acting under her authority, began raiding Spanish ships1588 Spanish Armada sailed against England but was defeated

    http://movieclips.com/6btj-elizabeth-movie-elizabeth-speaks-with-queen-mary/

  • Important Literary FiguresEdmund Spenser- Faerie Queene written for ElizabethSir Philip SydneyChristopher MarloweBen JonsonWilliam Shakespeare

  • Evolution of DramaIn the Medieval era drama was used almost exclusively for moral instruction.Often Medieval dramas were allegorical and religious.Drama was closely linked with the church.

  • Drama in the RenaissanceNot only for moral instructionCharacters have more internal conflict and depthPlays are less religious Writers move focus to the beauty of language and poetry

  • Shakespeares Dramatic PatternsTragic StructureExpositionProblemRising ActionClimaxResolutionRecurring PatternsContrasting worldsRise of one person at the expense of anotherDisguises and deceptionsThe supernaturalRedemptionCharacters who are opposites (foils)Characters facing similar situations

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