medieval literature from the fall of rome to the renaissance
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- Medieval Literature From the fall of Rome to the Renaissance
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- English & French Literature Dominated by: Dominated by: The epic Beowulf The romance Song of Roland (early) Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (late) The allegory The Canterbury Tales The Divine Comedy The folk tale The lyric The drama Everyman
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- EARLY BRITISH MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 499-1066 CE
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- The Anglo-Saxons: 4491066 300s B.C. Celts in Britain 55 B.CA.D.409 Roman Occupation A.D. 449 Anglo-Saxon Invasion A.D. 400699 Spread of Christianity A.D. 1066 Norman Invasion A.D.878 King Alfred against the Danes A.D. 600 A.D. 300 A.D. 1 300 B.C. A.D. 900 A.D. 1200
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- Britain Before and during the 4th century B.C. Celtic religion a form of animism Stonehenge Druids were Celtic priests Britain named for one Celtic tribethe Brythons Britain home to several Celtic tribes
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- The Roman Occupation 55 B.C. Hadrians Wall Romans evacuate their troops Central government breaks down Julius Caesar invades Britain Celts defeated by Claudius A.D.43 Romans build walls, villas, baths, roads Roman ruins Britain left vulnerable to attack A.D. 409
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- The Anglo-Saxon Invasion A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the far west of the country. Angles Saxons Jutes Celts
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- The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Anglo-Saxon Society kinship groups led by strong warrior chief people farmed, established local governments, produced fine craftwork English emerged as a written language
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- The Anglo-Saxon religion offered no hope of an afterlife valued earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship similar to what we call Norse mythology ThunorThor WodenOdin Day of weekAnglo-Saxon godNorse god Wednesday Thursday The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
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- Anglo-Saxons did not believe in afterlife warriors gained immortality through songs Why were the scops important? The Anglo-Saxon bards called scops Anglo-Saxon harp strummed harp as they sang sang of heroic deeds were often warriors The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
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- Christianity and Anglo- Saxon culture co-exist The Spread of Christianity Christian monks settle in Britain British pagan religions replaced by Christianity Around A.D. 400 By A.D. 699
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- Early Literature Celtic and Germanic Tribes Celtic and Germanic Tribes heroic legends Written down by monks hundreds of years later. Written down by monks hundreds of years later. What effect will this have on pagan epics?
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- Old, Middle, Modern English Old English 'Fder ure ue eart on heofonum si in nama gehalgod tobecume in rice gewure in willa on eoran swa swa on heofonum urne gedghwamlican hlaf syle us to dg and forgyf us ure gyltas swa swa we forgyfa urum gyltendum and ne geld u us on costnunge ac alys us of yfele solice.' 'Fder ure ue eart on heofonum si in nama gehalgod tobecume in rice gewure in willa on eoran swa swa on heofonum urne gedghwamlican hlaf syle us to dg and forgyf us ure gyltas swa swa we forgyfa urum gyltendum and ne geld u us on costnunge ac alys us of yfele solice.' Middle English 'Oure fadir at art in heuenes halwid be i name; i reume or kyngdom come to be. Be i wille don in here as it is dounin heuene. yeue to us today oure eche dayes bred. And foryeue to us oure dettis at is oure synnys as we foryeuen to oure dettouris at is to men at han synned in us. And lede us not into temptacion but delyuere us from euyl.' 'Oure fadir at art in heuenes halwid be i name; i reume or kyngdom come to be. Be i wille don in here as it is dounin heuene. yeue to us today oure eche dayes bred. And foryeue to us oure dettis at is oure synnys as we foryeuen to oure dettouris at is to men at han synned in us. And lede us not into temptacion but delyuere us from euyl.' 'Our father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debters. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.' http://bitterscroll.podomatic.com/entry/2006-08-09T16_02_07- 07_00
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- Old English The Germanic Tribe The Germanic Tribe Spoken on the British Isles Spoken on the British Isles Anglo-Saxons specifically
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- Beowulf Germanic traditional epic Germanic traditional epic Specifically Anglo-Saxon Warring culture 3,000 line epic poem 3,000 line epic poem First literary composition in the English Language First literary composition in the English Language Composed sometime between 600-900 C.E. 700 is our best guess. Composed sometime between 600-900 C.E. 700 is our best guess. Written down 200-300 years later. Written down 200-300 years later.
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- History of the text Poem exists in one manuscript only (in British Library) Poem exists in one manuscript only (in British Library) Survived fire in 18 th century Survived fire in 18 th century This scare led to the copying, editing, translating of the copy This scare led to the copying, editing, translating of the copy Now an integral part of the canon. Now an integral part of the canon. A group of the most important literature of any given time period, genre, author, etc.
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- Beowulf Poem written in England Poem written in England Set in Scandinavia Follows the Scandinavian prince, Beowulf. Follows the Scandinavian prince, Beowulf. Poem has three major plots Poem has three major plots 1.Beowulf, a warrior for the Geats, crosses the sea to help the Danes kill the man-eating monster Grendel. He must also kill Grendels mother 2.Beowulf returns and rules for fifty years as king. A dragon terrorizes the country and Beowulf must confront it. 3.Beowulf slays the dragon but meets his own death. He enters the legend of his people as a hero.
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- Beowulf Poem shows life in the Dark Ages. Poem shows life in the Dark Ages. Begins with soldiers in a hall, drinking mead Grendel eats them all. Yum. Grendel is the spawn of Cain, the murderous brother in the Old Testament. Grendel is the spawn of Cain, the murderous brother in the Old Testament.
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- Beowulf assignment Assignment on page 2 of Medieval Lit packet Assignment on page 2 of Medieval Lit packet Take a look at this now Excerpts begin on page 3 Excerpts begin on page 3 Read academically and carefully Read academically and carefully Take notes or annotate Take notes or annotate Notes can be used on quiz, annotations cannot Due Monday Due Monday If youre absent Monday (or today, I guess) you will turn in typed answers to these questions upon return.
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- From Epic to Romance The Epic yielded to Romance in 11 th and 12 th centuries The Epic yielded to Romance in 11 th and 12 th centuries Originally applied to Old French to distinguish from Latin Originally applied to Old French to distinguish from Latin Eventually, it referred to any work in French.
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- Romance Narrative shift Narrative shift from warfare to love. Courtly love Courtly love A tradition that idealized women and turned conventions of human love almost literally into religion. First developed by troubadours lyric entertainers Originally half-facetious elaborate code to follow
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- Romance Earlier Romances, chansons de geste (Songs of Deeds), like Roland, are men-at-war. Earlier Romances, chansons de geste (Songs of Deeds), like Roland, are men-at-war. The central figure: Charlemagne and members of his court. Basis in historical fact a towering figure in the development of Western and Christian culture. However, they have poetic legend, as, for instance, Charlemagne is in intimate touch with the Angels.
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- Song of Roland
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- Background Written in Old French circa 1100 Written in Old French circa 1100 Composed 300 years earlier Oral songs sung by troubadours accompanied by lyres. Song of Roland Song of Roland earliest and best known example of the Song of Deed romance. History of text (FYI) History of text (FYI) Unknown until 1832 when the first of several manuscripts was discovered. The best of these is at Oxford University that is a copy by an Anglo-Norman scribe of an earlier version. Many conspiracies and hypotheses about the organ, poet, and facts of Roland
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- Background Written at the beginning of the Crusades. Written at the beginning of the Crusades. By telling a story of the Great Charlemagne, the hope is to inspire current fighters. The values of the poem are simply identified. The values of the poem are simply identified. Exclusively deal with war and religion Success in battle is vital personal reasons prove God is on your side Christians are good, Saracens (Muslims) are evil Christians are good, Saracens (Muslims) are evil although some are great warriors and honorable Absent are: Absent are: philosophical subtleties inward conflicts
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- Song of Roland plot Based on the ambush of Charlemagne's rear guard in 778. Based on the ambush of Charlemagne's rear guard in 778. Charlemagnes nephew Roland ambushed as they returned from an expedition against the Muslims in Spain
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