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  • Medieval and Renaissance Art


    7. Halos and gold backgrounds symbolized residents of heaven and the holy atmosphere of heaven


    7. Portrayed naturalistic landscapes of this world and saints lived in the same world as ordinary people

  • Medieval & Renaissance Art: A Comparison

  • Medieval and Renaissance Art


    1. No expressions on faces

    2. Stiff and unrealistic poses


    1. Faces are filled with emotion and expression

    2. Human poses are lifelike and realistic

  • Medieval and Renaissance Art


    3. European art was the property of the Church – often religious themes, individuals were not important—paintings not signed

    4. Tempura paints were used – dried too quickly to

    correct mistakes


    3. Artists take credit for their work and become famous; also portraits are done of people

    3. Oil paints were used – lets artists work slowly, create new colors, and obtain more lifelike effects

  • Medieval and Renaissance Art


    5. The Church forbids displaying the naked human body

    6. There is no balance, proportion, or perspective – pictures are “flat” and two dimensional because the most important spiritual figures in the painting are larger than the less important ones.


    5. Like the Greeks and Romans, artists study anatomy to portray humans realistically

    5. Artists create proportion with the illusion of depth and distance on the flat surface—called linear perspective. They also use new shading devices called sfumato and chiarascuro; they use geometry to achieve balance.

  • The Beginning of Modern Painting – Five Major Changes

    ●Oil on stretched canvas – this technique allowed painters to show textures and three dimensional forms more accurately.

    ● Perspective – Linear perspective used the vanishing point. (All lines appear to converge at one point.) It gives a painting depth. One trick used to accomplish this was blurring details as the object appeared further away.

  • The Beginning of Modern Painting – Five Major Changes

    ● The Use of Light and Shadow – Using chiaroscuro (it means light/dark in Italian) and sfumato (areas blend into 1 another, no harsh outline) artists could show more rounded shapes in painting.

    ●Pyramid Configuration – The focus of the painting in a chosen point. It is where the painting reaches a climax.

    Realism and Naturalism—studied human anatomy, ideal human form, people looked solid and displayed real emotions

  • ● Fill out the chart as we analyze these 3 types of art..

    Classical Medieval Renaissance

    Purpose of this type

    of art

    Characteristics of this

    type of art.

  • Comparing Artwork Medieval Artwork Renaissance Artwork

    Raphael: The Nymph Galatea 1512-1514

  • ● Look at these three examples:

    ● 1. Which one do you think is the best example of medieval art? Why? 2. Which of these do you think is classical art? Why? 3. Which of these do you think is Renaissance art? Why?


  • ● Look at these three examples:

    ● 1. Which one do you think is the best example of medieval art? Why? 2. Which of these do you think is classical art? Why? 3. Which of these do you think is Renaissance art? Why?


  • Most Significant Renaissance Artists

  • Famous works by Italian Renaissance Artists


    Leonardo Raphael


  • ● Was a famous Renaissance Italian artist and sculptor.

    ● Born in Florence Italy in 1386.

    ● He brought back work with bronze which was a common material during the Roman times. It was not used during the middle ages but he brought it back.


  • • David by Donatello

    • 1430

    • First free-form bronze since Roman times!

  • Michelangelo ● Sculptor and Painter

    ● "In every block of marble I see a statue as plain as though it stood before me, shaped and perfect in attitude and action. I have only to hew away the rough walls that imprison the lovely apparition to reveal it to the other eyes as mine see it."— Michelangelo

  • ● Michelangelo’s David.

    ● This statue is perhaps the most iconic image of the Renaissance period.

    ● Michelangelo’s statue stands 17 feet high (about 3 metres)

  • Michelangelo’s David ● It was sculpted between 1501 and 1504. ● Michelangelo was only twenty-six years old, when

    he won the commission to complete the statue from a block of marble (the giant) that had been abandoned 30 years earlier by another artist.

    ● When it was finished, David was placed in front of the entrance to the Palazzo Vecchio, the town hall. In 1873 the statue was moved from the piazza, to protect it from damage, and brought to its current location in the Academia Gallery, in Florence.

  • A Classic Pose ● David is a Renaissance interpretation of a common ancient

    Greek theme of the standing heroic male nude.

    ● In David, the figure stands with one leg holding its full weight and the other leg relaxed. This classic pose causes the figure’s hips and shoulders to rest at opposite angles, giving a slight s-curve to the entire torso. This curve gives the figure its classical grace.

    ● Michelangelo’s David has become one of the most recognized pieces of Renaissance sculpture, becoming a symbol of both strength and youthful human beauty.

  • ● Traditionally, David was portrayed after his victory, triumphant over the giant Goliath. Both Verrochio’s and Donatello’s Davids are depicted standing over Goliath's severed head.

    ● Michelangelo has depicted David before the battle. Davis is tense, but not so much in a physical as in a mental sense. The slingshot he carries over his shoulder is almost invisible, emphasizing that David's victory was one of cleverness, not sheer force.

  • ● The hand that holds the stone is larger than the other, drawing the viewer’s attention to the action that is about to unfold.

  • Facing down the enemy

    ● Michelangelo was a citizen of the city state of Firenze (Florence), and Florence was surrounded by much more powerful enemy city states.

    ● When the statue of David was placed on the square in front of the city hall, the people of Florence immediately identified with him as the cunning underdog triumphing over the big bad guy. David was positioned so that his glare was directed south, toward the rival city of Rome.

  • Michelangelo – Pieta

  • Pieta

    ● Pieta means ‘Pity,’ and this is certainly the emotion that this magnificent sculpture evokes.

    ● We feel pity for Christ’s suffering, but also for his grieving mother, who holds her son’s body in an attitude of quiet acceptance.

  • Michelangelo’s Pieta ● The Pieta balances the Renaissance ideals of

    classical beauty with naturalism. The statue is one of the most highly finished works by Michelangelo.

    ● The structure is pyramidal. The statue widens progressively down the drapery of Mary's dress, to the base. The figures are quite out of proportion, owing to the difficulty of depicting a fully-grown man cradled full-length in a woman's lap. By concealing much of Mary's body in her monumental drapery, Michelangelo made the relationship of the figures appear quite natural.

  • Michelangelo as a Painter: The Sistine Chapel

    ● The Sistine Chapel is located in the Vatican City in Rome, attached to St. Peter’s Basilica, the papal apartments and the vast complex of buildings that make up the Vatican museums.

    ● Michelangelo was commissioned by Pope Julius II to paint the ceiling of the chapel. He resisted, as he preferred sculpture to painting, but had to do as he was told.

    ● The works are frescoes, (painted into fresh plaster) and they cover about 4,000 square metres of ceiling.

    ● Michelangelo built scaffolding so that he could work on his back, and laboured over the frescoes from 1508 to 1512.

  • Michelangelo The Sistine Chapel

  • The Sistine Chapel’s Ceiling Michelangelo Buonarroti

    1508 - 1512

  • Michelangelo The Creation of Adam (The Sistine Chapel)

  • Interpretations of The Creation of Adam

    ● It has been suggested that the background figures and shapes portrayed behind the figure of God bear a striking similarity to a cross section of the human brain, including the frontal lobe, optic chiasm, brain stem, pituitary gland, and the major sulci of the cerebrum.

    ● Alternatively, it has been observed that the red cloth around God has the shape of a human uterus and that the scarf hanging out, colored green, could be a newly cut umbilical cord.

  • ● Both of these interpretations suggest the mystery of creation – in the mind, where ideas are born, and in the womb, where life originates.


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