The Renaissance C13S1. What was the Renaissance? A New Worldview Evolves Renaissance scholars reject Medieval scholars for Rome/Greece Produced new attitudes
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The RenaissanceC13S1What was the Renaissance?A New Worldview EvolvesRenaissance scholars reject Medieval scholars for Rome/GreeceProduced new attitudes based on human experienceEmphasized human experienceSpirit of AdventureNavigators, artists, scientists, explored and experimented new realmsExpressing Humanism: Studied classical culture, focused on worldly subjects rather than religious issues, believed in education and creative powers.Italy: Cradle of Renaissance Italys History and GeographyPrime location, trade, banking, historicalItalys Vibrant City-StatesIndependent powerful families ran various city-statesMedici family of Florence patrons of art and politically powerfulRenaissance Art FlowersReflecting Humanist ThoughtFused religious theme against classical backdropUsing New Artistic Techniques: became more realistic.Painted religious figures with human qualities and emotionPerspective: depth and space created an illusionShading, and new oil pointsAttention to human body for accuracy
Architecture: A social Art.REN architects rejected MED Gothic style.Adopted columns, arches, and domes of classical style.Renaissance Art Flowers continueLeonardo da VinciRealistic artist, inventorMona Lisa, Last SupperMichelangelo:ArtistDavid, Pieta, ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, St Peters Cathedral in RomeRaphaelArtistPortrayals of Madonna, School of Athens
Writing for a New SocietyCatigliones Ideal CourtierMost widely read book The Book of the Courtier (about manners)Advice on how a respectful person conducts themselves.Machiavelli's Successful PrinceGuide to ruling effectively. Reject high ideals and embrace effective governing.Ethically questions the nature of government and the use of power Printing Press Revolution (p232)Germany/1455: Johan Gutenberg printed the BibleCheaper, faster, and more accurate. Encouraged reading and knowledgeShakespeare Writes for All-TimeEnglish poet and playwright. Genius in expressing universal and timeless themes.Explores Renaissance ideals, individualism, realism, and classicsPlays written in the vernacular of the peopleCheckpoint Questions1) What were the main characteristics of the Renaissance?A new worldview based on human experience, an emphasis on education and humanism, and a spirit of adventure and curiosity.2) Why was the Italy a favorable setting for the Renaissance?Once the center of classical world. Crossroads of trade, access to Muslim civilization, and connections to trade brought wealth that spurred the Renaissance and spread new ideas. The competition among city-states encouraged new ways of thinking.
Assessment3. What were the ideals of the Renaissance, and how did Italian artists and writers reflect these ideals?Artists, architects, and writers used realistic techniques. Their work reflected the Renaissance ideals of humanism, an appreciation of the classics, human form, realism, and curiosity.Assessment4. How was the Renaissance worldview different from that of the Middle Ages?Medieval worldview was shaped by religion, it accepted tradition and the idea that only God was perfect. In contrast, the Renaissance worldview was shaped by inquiry, exploration, and the idea that humans could perfect themselves.Assessment5) How did humanism influence Renaissance painting and sculpture?Artists focused on human beings, their achievements, and their relationship to God.6) Why were nature and human nature important to Renaissance artists and writers.They thought that art should reflect the reality of human experience
Assessment C13S27) What was the impact of the printing press?It enabled books to be produced more cheaply, raised literacy rates, and spread new ideas quickly.8) What Renaissance ideas did Shakespeares work address?An emphasis on the Renaissance ideals of individual; realism; and the importance of the classics