medieval and renaissance periods
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DESCRIPTIONMedieval and Renaissance Periods. c. 600 – c. 1600. Composers -. John Dowland (1563 – 1626). Orlando Gibbons (1583 – 1625). Some of the main composers towards the end of this era are…. William Byrd (1543 – 1623). Palestrina (c. 1525 – 1623). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Medieval and Renaissance Periodsc. 600 c. 1600
Some of the main composers towards the end of this era areComposers - John Dowland(1563 1626)Palestrina(c. 1525 1623)William Byrd(1543 1623)Orlando Gibbons(1583 1625)How would you expect the music from this era to sound?
Music at the time was not based on Major and Minor (these werent in ful use until the Baroque Period) Scales as we know them. It was based on modes.TONALITY: Modes -
Divided into two sections:
- SACRED (Religious music)
- SECULAR (Non-Religious)VOCAL MUISIC
Unaccompanied melody set to words of the Roman Catholic liturgy, such as the Mass. (Sacred) Plainchants are modal and have no regular metre. Mostly sung by Monks, they follow the rhythm of the Latin words. Gregorian Chant/PlainsongPlainsong is mostly Monophonic.Listen to the following exampleIt is often Melismatic
Texture in MusicMonophonicHomophonicPolyphonic
Sacred Vocal MusicMotet - This was a sacred choral work with Latin text and polyphonic texture, for several voices. It was usually sung a cappella. Antiphonal Music.
Composers: Thomas Tallis wrote a Motet for 40 voices: Spem in Alium and Giobanni Gabrielli wrote a Motet for two choirs Listen to the following example
Sacred Vocal MusicAnthem - Short sacred choral piece sung in English. Sometimes sung by a choir unaccompanied and sometimes accompanied by organ and featuring solo parts. The anthem is the Protestant equivalent of the Motet. Listen to the following example
MassListen to the following exampleThe Mass is a service of the Roman Catholic Church.It is a large scale work, with a set Latin text in which composers over the years have set to Music.
The basic Mass consists of five main sections
KyrieGloriaCredoSanctus (and Benedictus)Agnus Dei
Architecture of the Renaissance
Leonardo da Vinci
Secular Vocal MusicMadrigal - Normally a non-religious (secular) vocal piece for several voices, sometimes with instrumental accompaniment. It is polyphonic in style and uses imitation.
Features of a Madrigal are -
A cappellaListen to the following example
Secular Vocal MusicBallett - A type of madrigal in strophic form which was originally danced to. It features a fa-la-la refrain at the end of each verse. More lively and dance-like. (Now is the month of Maying)
Listen to the following exampleAir - English for Aria. Song or simple melody, either performed by instruments, or sometimes a solo singer accompanied by a Lute.
InstrumentsLuteRecordersViolsConsort A small group on instruments of the same family playing together, e.g. a consort of viols. The term usually applies to music from the Renaissance period.
Instruments of the Renaissance PeriodConsort of viols
Renaissance DancesPavan a Renaissance court dance; slow and stately with two beats in the bar.PA VAN1 - 2often linked withGalliard A Galliard is quick and lively with three beats in a bar .GA LLI ARD1 - 2 - 3Listen to the following examples
Other ConceptsSome other concepts which are features of this era are - Antiphonal - Dialogue between voices or instruments - one group of voices or instruments answers the other. In a live performance this would be on opposite sides of the room. Hemiola - A rhythmic device giving the impression of a piece of music changing from duple (2) to triple (3) time, or vice versa. Sometimes placed at the end of a piece to act as a kind of Rallentando. Tierce de Picardie - The final chord of a piece of music in the minor key is changed to major.
SummaryModeGregorian ChantPlainsongSacredSecularMadrigalMotetMassBallettA cappellaConsortPavanGalliard
MonophonicHomophonicPolyphonicStrophicThrough-ComposedAir/AyreAnthemAntiphonalTierce de PicardieHemiolaMelismaticSyllabicBy the end of this Unit, you should be familiar with the following Concepts -