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  • Periods of Classical Music Medieval and Renaissance Classical Music is art music rooted in the traditions of Western Music.
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  • The Medieval Period Time: Approximately 500 1450 A.D
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  • The Medieval Period Most of the music at this time was sacred music (church music); this music was called plainsong or chant and represented the earliest known music of the Christian church. Plainsong is monophonic, which means that is consisted of a single vocal part. Around 1011 AD the Roman Catholic Church wanted to standardize the Mass and chant, the resulting music is what is called Gregorian Chant. Most composers are not known.
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  • Troubadours and Minstrels During the High Middle Ages (late Medieval period) the troubadour came into existence. A troubadour is a composer and performer of poetry who made a living as an entertainer, hired by wealthy nobles. Most were not simply wandering entertainers, though some did travel extensively from one court to another. A troubadour is similar to a minstrel, but minstrels generally told stories of distant places and events and did not always create their own poetry. Most troubadours and minstrels also played instruments or sang their stories.
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  • Instruments Many of the instruments we use today existed in the Medieval Era, but in a different form. At that time the flute was made of wood instead of metal. Early versions of the organ, fiddle, and trombone (called the sackbut) existed. Other instruments used include: The Pan Flute, Recorder, Lute, Psaltery, Zither, Hurdy-gurdy and hammered dulcimer. Jaw Harp/Jews Harp. Bowed psaltery is not a true psaltry, came into use in 1900s.
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  • Instruments Pan Pipes Lute Psaltery Jaw Harp Hurdy Gurdy Zither
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  • Hammered Dulcimer
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  • Music Notation Music in the early part of the Medieval period was generally passed on orally. Eventually music began to be notated, though without a staff, and this is where our modern music notation originated.
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  • The Renaissance Period Approximately 1450-1600
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  • Early Staff Notation
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  • The Renaissance The Renaissance time period was a period of intellectual rebirth, when the arts flourished, and ideas and intellectual pursuits were highly valued. Music was still dominated by the church but with more sophisticated melodies and harmonies; different styles begin to emerge. Polyphony, having more than one note (having harmony) came into common usage. The development of printing made distribution of music possible on a wide scale, and demand for music as entertainment and as an activity for educated amateurs increased.
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  • Renaissance Instruments Brass: Slide trumpet, cornetto (like recorder but blown like brass, largest was called serpent), trumpet, sackbut (early trombone). String: viol, lyre, Irish harp, hurdy-gurdy, harpsichord. Percussion: jaw harp and tambourine. Woodwind: shawm, reed pipe, bag pipe, transverse flute, recorder, panpipe.
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  • Renaissance Instruments Slide Trumpet Shawm Cornetto Serpent (largest Cornetto) Irish Harp Viol
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  • Notable Composers Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, c. 15251594 William Byrd (c. 1540 1623) Claudio Monteverdi, 15671643 Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1554/1557 1612).
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  • Need to Know Approximate time periods for Medieval (500-1450) and Renaissance (1450-1600) Sacred vs. Secular religious music vs. non-religious music Some instruments for extra credit What a Troubadour is What polyphony and monophony mean (more than 1 part, one part) What period printing began (Renaissance)