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  • Medieval Art transforming into Renaissance ArtMedieval Art

  • Illuminated Manuscripts

  • Stained Glass, from Cologne, GermanyChrist Giving the Keys to Peter

  • StainedGlass

    SainteChapelle, Paris,France

  • Statues North TranseptChartres Cathedral

  • StatuesWest Door, Notre Dame

  • MosaicsJustinian and his court, Ravenna

  • Icons

  • Pre-RenaissanceThe Slow March toward Realism

  • FlatReligious Paintings of the late Middle Ages 2 dimensional Gold Background Not realistic Not signed by the artist for many centuries

  • An attempt at perspective:Duccio de BuoninsegneMadonna and Child Enthroned, 1285

  • Improved Perspective: CimabueMadonna and Child Enthroned with Angels approx 1280

  • Identification of the Artist:Madonna and Child, Bernardo Daddi, cir. 1335

  • An attempt at 3-D: late 1300s

  • Starting to show emotion: Simone MartiniAnnunciation with Saints Ansanus & Maxima, 1333

  • Early Renaissance ArtFinally! Realism!Giotto The First Renaissance Painter

  • Birth of ChristScrovengi Chapel 1303-5

  • Adoration of the MagiScrovengiChapel

  • Expulsion of the Money Changers from the TempleScrovengi Chapel

  • Entry into Jerusalem

    Scrovengi Chapel

  • Kiss of JudasScrovengi Chapel

  • Scrovengi (a.k.a. Arena) Chapel Padua, Italy

  • Masaccio Pulling it all Together

  • Masaccio Story of St. Peter(1426-28)

  • Tribute Money

  • Masaccio Adam and EveBrancacci Chapel

  • Medieval Art was used to teach people about religion. So we find it within manuscripts, in stained glass windows, on statues outside of churches and on walls inside churches. It is not especially lifelike, instead it crams religious education into spaces accessible to the public. It was also not signed since artistic talent was considered a gift from god rather than something that deserved acclaim for the artist.**Monks not only copied the mauscript, but also created art within manuscriptsOne manuscript might be the lifes work of a monkOn the left is the Kiss of Judas in the Rouen Book of Hours http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/m/lifetimes/literature/art/medievalart.html Letters from the Book of Kells http://keirasoleore.blogspot.com/2011_09_01_archive.html *Stained glass was another way to educate the illiterate about the stories of the BibleChrist Giving the Keys to Peter, ca. 1315, German; Cologne, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint; Christ: 28 x 13 5/8 in. (71 x 34.5 cm), Peter: 27 3/4 x 13 1/8 in. (70.5 x 33.2 cm) It is easy to tell what is happening, but hard to make figures realistic when the pieces of glass have to be held in place with metal pieces. Now in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/29.55.1,2 *As building techniques advanced, entire walls could be made of stained glass. Sainte Chapelle (which is just blocks from Notre Dame) is known as the jewel box because it glows with the light from its stained glass walls. The windows tell multiple Bible stories, you can walk around the church reading them up and down. shan4.wordpress.com*Statues on the outside walls of churchesSlim, elongated figures attached to the Church wall medieval sculptors did not know how to create free-standing statues and needed the wall to support their statues. The 12 apostles are a common subject for Cathedral Walls. http://www.123rf.com/photo_15307626_chartres-eure-et-loir-centre-france--exterior-of-the-gothic-cathedral-statues.html*Even though all figures had to be attached to the walls, the designs got very ornate (some might say overwhelming) in order to tell as many stories as possible Picture from L. Reimann, 2013*Mosaics were more of an eastern European tradition very popular in the Byzantine Empire, but made it to places in Italy like Ravenna and Venice. Hard to make figures lifelike with little pieces of stone and glass but it was easy to make pictures colorful!http://traumwerk.stanford.edu/philolog/Justinian.jpg*Icons were also an eastern tradition, they are still used in the Orthodox ChurchIcons are pictures of saints that people would pray in front of. They are stiff and symbolicThere is a lack of realism (nose, hands, eyes), the baby looks like a small adultModern art historians can only guess at who created many icons.*Religious paintingsMedieval paintings tended to be one dimentional, not very realistic, gold, anonymous, and have floating disproportionate angels next to the main figures.Rick Steeves, the travel enthusiast, describes Medieval Art as the time when art was a flat as the worldThis is by the Biagello Master (his name is unknown, but many works of art in this region are similar, so art historians had identified him as the Biagello Master, Madonna and Child Enthroned, 2nd quarter of the 13th century in the Ufizzi GalleryAn attempt at perspectiveDuccio de Buoninsegne, Madonna and Child Enthroned with Six Angels, 1285 Ufizzi GalleryNo real background, the angels are just stacked on top of one anotherPerspective of the throne is off, its on one side, head on on the otherMary is like a cardboard cutout hovering just above the throneIn general these medieval madonnas have religious subjects, gold backgrounds, two dimensionality and meticulous detailhttp://www.virtualuffizi.com/uffizi1/Uffizi_Pictures.asp?Contatore=63*Improvement in perspectiveCimabue Madonna and Child Enthroned with Angels, the Patriarch Abraham and Prophets Jeremiah, David, and IsiahThrone creates an illusion of depthFoot actually hangs out over the edge of the throneBut the angels are still stackedhttp://www.virtualuffizi.com/uffizi1/Uffizi_Pictures.asp?Contatore=57**Identification of the Artist, Bernardo Daddi, Madonna and Child c. 1335Vatican collectionsComing closer to the Renaissance, the artist is actually identifiedBaby steps toward 3-DCrucifix with Stories from the Passion, Ufizzi GalleryPisan artist of the late 12th centuryThe artist attempted 3-D by painting Christs head on a separate piece of wood and tipping it forwardhttp://www.virtualuffizi.com/uffizi1/Uffizi_Pictures.asp?Contatore=55*Showing a little emotion (Mary does not look happy with the news that she is going to have a baby)Simone Martini, Annunciation with Saints Ansanus and MaximaNot exactly 3D, more about teaching a Bible story. Lots of symbols Lilies symbolize Marys purity, the Holy Spirit appears as a DoveThe words read (in Latin) Hail favored one, the Lord is with you. http://www.virtualuffizi.com/uffizi1/Uffizi_Pictures.asp?Contatore=68***Giotto painted human figures that looked real and lifelike, with bodies and faces that seemed fully roundedCreated an illusion of depth (though his perspective is not always perfect)People in the painting seemed to interact with each otherFaces showed realistic emotionBlue pigment has not stood up to the test of time. (Lapis Lazuli was applied with a binding medium over dry plaster since it was so valuable.)http://www.the-art-minute.com/just-a-second-fresco/The informal name for this picture is mother and baby**More scenes in the life of JesusAdoration of the Magihttp://tomclarkblog.blogspot.com/2012/12/the-magi.html*Expulsion of the Money Changers from the Temple (perspective is off, child is odd, but Jesuss anger is genuine).http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scrovegni_Chapel*Entry into Jerusalem great faces (and donkey), people in the trees arent quite righthttp://www.artoyster.com/giotto-di_bondone-paintings_scenes-from-the-life-of-christ-10-entry-into-jerusalem-cappel_re33730.html*Kiss of Judas, notice the stare between Jesus and Judas http://www.artble.com/artists/giotto_di_bondone/paintings/scrovegni_chapel_frescoes*All these painting hang together in Padua, near VeniceLife of Joachim, the Virgin, Christhttp://www.belludi37.it/en/padua/the-scrovegni-chapel;2;84*Pulled together perspective and realism McKay calls him the father of modern painting.Masaccio (b. 1401 to 1428) (Frescoes in the Cappella Brancacci in Florence (right view), 1426-28, Fresco, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence(The Raising of Tabitha on right, Healing of a Cripple on left)Studied Giotto, friends with Brunelleschi and Donatello since Masaccio died young, this was finished by other artistshttp://www.yourwaytoflorence.com/brancacci.htm*Christ telling Peter to pay the tax in the center, Peter getting the coin from a fish on the left, Peter paying the tax on the right. Painted right at a time when Florence had enacted a new means based test.http://www.intofineart.com/htmlimg/image-30403.html*Perspective point is right about the head of Jesushttp://www.intofineart.com/htmlimg/image-30403.htmlThe emotion on Adam and Eves faces is deep they are both anguished and ashamedhttp://www.abcgallery.com/M/masaccio/masaccio1.html*The entire chapelhttp://www.wga.hu/tours/brancacc/*

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