william shakespeare (his life and times). 1485-1625 the renaissance elizabethan era a time of...

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  • Slide 1
  • William Shakespeare (his life and times)
  • Slide 2
  • 1485-1625 THE RENAISSANCE ELIZABETHAN ERA A time of rebirth for the arts and literature A time of rebirth for the arts and literature Named for Queen Elizabeth I Named for Queen Elizabeth I Politics and religion were intertwined Politics and religion were intertwined Age of Exploration Age of Exploration Age of Discovery Age of Discovery
  • Slide 3
  • Elizabethan Era continued BANN A notice of intended marriage A notice of intended marriage A legal, binding contract A legal, binding contract Therefore, 1 in 3 brides are pregnant on their wedding day. Therefore, 1 in 3 brides are pregnant on their wedding day.
  • Slide 4
  • The Elizabethan Era Bad Times #1 Killer Bubonic Plague #1 Killer Bubonic Plague Nearly half of all babies born died of disease, infection, or poor diet. Over 20% of those who survived died before reaching adulthood. Nearly half of all babies born died of disease, infection, or poor diet. Over 20% of those who survived died before reaching adulthood. And Yet London, 1563 population 93,000 And Yet London, 1563 population 93,000 London, 1605 population 224,000 London, 1605 population 224,000
  • Slide 5
  • Which is Surprising because Toothbrushes wont be invented for another century. Toothbrushes wont be invented for another century. People rarely bathed. People rarely bathed. Many people have stomach pains and sores all over their bodies. Many people have stomach pains and sores all over their bodies.
  • Slide 6
  • Children had to work as soon as they were big enough (6) Children had to work as soon as they were big enough (6) Ditches are public toilets Ditches are public toilets Butchers throw dead carcasses into the streets Butchers throw dead carcasses into the streets Doctors primary methods of care: leeches and amputations Doctors primary methods of care: leeches and amputations 10,000 homeless people wandered the streets of London 10,000 homeless people wandered the streets of London
  • Slide 7
  • Working for the Weekend Theatre Theatre Bear and bull baiting Bear and bull baiting Cockfighting Cockfighting Brawling and rioting Brawling and rioting Witching burning Witching burning Public executions Public executions
  • Slide 8
  • William Shakespeare Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon- Avon, England. Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon- Avon, England.
  • Slide 9
  • Parents Father: John glove maker, wool merchant, and High Bailiff mayor; died 1601 Father: John glove maker, wool merchant, and High Bailiff mayor; died 1601 Mother: Mary Arden, daughter of a successful farmer; died 1608 Mother: Mary Arden, daughter of a successful farmer; died 1608 3 rd of 8 children 3 rd of 8 children First born son First born son Shakespeares birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon http://www.aboutbritain.com/ShakespearesBirthplace.htm
  • Slide 10
  • Education Began at about age 5 Began at about age 5 Stratford grammar school Stratford grammar school Long days: 6 a.m.- 5:30 p.m. Long days: 6 a.m.- 5:30 p.m. Year-round school (except major holidays) Year-round school (except major holidays) Shakespeares School Room, King Edward VI School
  • Slide 11
  • Marriage Rock the Cradle of Love He married Anne Hathaway on Nov. 1582. He married Anne Hathaway on Nov. 1582. He was 18; she was 26 and pregnant He was 18; she was 26 and pregnant Anne Hathaways Cottage http://www.onlineshakespeare.com/hathaway.htm
  • Slide 12
  • Children Susanna: born May 26, 1583; married Dr. John Hall in 1607; had one child Elizabeth; died 1649 Susanna: born May 26, 1583; married Dr. John Hall in 1607; had one child Elizabeth; died 1649 Hamnet: a twin born February 2, 1585; died at age 11 and buried on August 11, 1596 Hamnet: a twin born February 2, 1585; died at age 11 and buried on August 11, 1596 Judith: a twin born February 2, 1585; married Thomas Quiney and had 3 children (none lived to be older than 21); died 1662 Judith: a twin born February 2, 1585; married Thomas Quiney and had 3 children (none lived to be older than 21); died 1662
  • Slide 13
  • The Lost Years 1585-1592 There is no documented record of Shakespeares activities from the birth of the twins until 1592. Theories forced to flee Stratford to escape prosecution for poaching deer forced to flee Stratford to escape prosecution for poaching deer Soldier Soldier Sailor Sailor studied law studied law studied medicine studied medicine worked as an apprentice actor/writer worked as an apprentice actor/writer
  • Slide 14
  • The Theater In 1592, we the first documented evidence of Shakespeares rise to prominence in the London theatre He was an actor and a playwright He was an actor and a playwright Part owner of the acting company he wrote for, Lord Chamberlains Men Part owner of the acting company he wrote for, Lord Chamberlains Men LCsM renamed Kings Men after James was king in 1603 LCsM renamed Kings Men after James was king in 1603 He became rich from acting company rather than sale of plays He became rich from acting company rather than sale of plays
  • Slide 15
  • The Globe First opened in 1599 First opened in 1599 Destroyed by fire in 1613 Destroyed by fire in 1613 Rebuilt in 1614 Rebuilt in 1614 Demolished by the Puritans in 1640s Demolished by the Puritans in 1640s Reopened in 1997 Reopened in 1997 1614 reconstruction today
  • Slide 16
  • Slide 17
  • More on The Globe It accommodated an audience of about 3000 people from all social classes. It accommodated an audience of about 3000 people from all social classes. The Globe was open to the sky. The Globe was open to the sky. The groundlings stood on the three sides of the raised stage. The groundlings stood on the three sides of the raised stage. Richer people paid extra money for seats. Richer people paid extra money for seats. The stage is 40 feet across and 27 feet deep. The stage is 40 feet across and 27 feet deep. Scenery was minimal. Scenery was minimal. Women were forbidden from acting in public. Women were forbidden from acting in public.
  • Slide 18
  • Plays, Sonnets, and More 37 plays: comedy, history, tragedy 37 plays: comedy, history, tragedy Over 150 sonnets Over 150 sonnets 2 lengthy narrative poems 2 lengthy narrative poems ComedyHistoryTragedy ComedyHistoryTragedy Alls Well That Ends WellHenry IV, pt 1Antony and Cleopatra As You Like ItHenry IV, pt 2Coriolanus The Comedy of ErrorsHenry VHamlet CymbelineHenry VI, pt 1Julius Caesar Loves Labours LostHenry VI, pt 2King Lear Measure for MeasureHenry VI, pt 3Macbeth The Merry Wives of WindsorHenry VIIIOthello The Merchant of VeniceKing JohnRomeo and Juliet A Midsummer Nights DreamRichard IITimon of Athens Much Ado About NothingRichard IIITitus Andronicus Pericles, Prince of Tyre Taming of the Shrew The Tempest Troilus and Cressida Twelfth Night Two Gentlemen of Verona Winters Tale
  • Slide 19
  • Our Language, Thanks to Shakespeare Words that first appeared in his plays: Words that first appeared in his plays: Admirable attorney bedroom Admirable attorney bedroom Distastefulfashionablefrugal Distastefulfashionablefrugal Laughablemimicsuccessful Laughablemimicsuccessful Phrases: Phrases: at one fell swoop or sick at heart at one fell swoop or sick at heart Sentences: Sentences: all the worlds a stage all the worlds a stage to thine own self be true to thine own self be true the course of true love never did run smooth the course of true love never did run smooth
  • Slide 20
  • More Words and Phrases... Of the 17,677 words that Shakespeare used in all of his plays and sonnets, he was the first to use over 1,700 of them. He wrote many of the words and phrases that we consider clichs today. Which of the following words and phrases do you think Shakespeare coined? Of the 17,677 words that Shakespeare used in all of his plays and sonnets, he was the first to use over 1,700 of them. He wrote many of the words and phrases that we consider clichs today. Which of the following words and phrases do you think Shakespeare coined? HeartsickHeart of gold One fell swoopLong-haired Naked truthForegone conclusion Break the iceIts Greek to me Hot-bloodedEat out of house and home LeapfrogToo much of a good thing Fancy-freeWear ones hear on ones sleeve Live-long dayThe milk of human kindness
  • Slide 21
  • Even More Words and Phrases Some of the words we write and speak today in the English language many not have come into use without Shakespeare. The following is a list of some of the words he was first to write: Some of the words we write and speak today in the English language many not have come into use without Shakespeare. The following is a list of some of the words he was first to write: gnarledfrugalbump countlesslonelyeventful dwindleradiancecontrol laughablemisplacedimpartial amazementobscenegenerous hurryroadcritic
  • Slide 22
  • His Gravesite Died April 23, 1616 of unknown causes Died April 23, 1616 of unknown causes Shakespeare is buried at Church of the Holy Trinity in Stratford Shakespeare is buried at Church of the Holy Trinity in Stratford An inscription on his tombstone reads: An inscription on his tombstone reads: Good friend, for Jesus sake forbeare To digg the dust enclosed here! Blese be y man that spares thes stones And curst be he that moves my bones. Good friend, for Jesus sake forbeare To digg the dust enclosed here! Blese be y man that spares thes stones And curst be