jean jacques rousseau

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  • 1. JEAN JACQUESROUSSEAU By: Miriam Berry

2. CHILDHOOD Born in Geneva, Switzerland on June 28,1712 Family was pious Calvinists and refugees from France His mother died shortly after childbirth His father was a poor watchmaker and dance master When he was ten his father fled Geneva He was then raised by his mothers sister 3. SCHOOLING He stopped traditional schooling at the age of 12 Was apprenticed to several trades but had no success In 1728 he ran away from Geneva and joined the Catholic church Took a job as a footman to a noblewoman in Annecy Later became lover to a wealthy widow who provided for his educationin the classics and music In 1738 he journeyed to Montpellier to improve his health and whenhe returned his lover had found a replacement 4. CAREER Attempted teaching but did not like it Was not recognized for his system of musical notation Was an unsatisfactory secretary to the Frenchambassador in Venice Finally moved back to Paris after his failed attempts 5. FAMILY In Paris in 1745 he took a mistress, Therese le Vasseur They had five children Jean took them all to the Foundling Hospital to be raised asorphans He later married Therese in 1768 6. PUBLISHED WORKS Wrote an essay called Discourse on the Arts and Sciences andwon a literary prize from the Academy of Dijon in 1749 This gave him literary fame and he returned to Geneva in1754 There he rejoined the protestant church and regained hiscitizenship He published several essays and had some different mistresses inthe next few years. 7. EXILE In 1762 he published his most famous works, The SocialContract and Emile Due to the content of these books about religion and his opinionthat there should be a democratic city-state in France he was exiled bythe government. He did not like it so in 1770 he returned to Paris 8. LATER LIFE Back in Paris he published several more less offensive works andan opera. Rousseau suffered from psychological feelings of persecution andlived in a cottage at Ermenonville for the last few months of his life Due to his mental and physical health problems he died of astroke on July 2, 1778 9. EMILE Rousseau wrote this novel to show his beliefs on education. It consists of five books and the different stages of learning Book 1: Infancy: Goodness of men, keep children should bekept form forming bad habits Book 2: The age of Nature: purpose of education, schoolenvironment, self motivated learning, discipline and physicaleducation 10. EMILE(CONTINUED) Book 3: Pre-adolescence : Intellectual education,geography, science, history and other subjects are learned bydesire to learn them Book 4: Puberty: social attitudes, and natural religion Book 5: Adulthood: love, education of women 11. PHILOSOPHIES People are inherently good but they become corrupted by the evilsof society. He believed in liberty, equality, and fraternity Make the citizen good by training, and everythingelse will follow. - Jean Jacques Rousseau 12. SOURCES