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Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Emile. Unit 3 - Day 8. Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Born in Geneva, Switzerland Mother dies in childbirth, Father abandons JJR Trains as an apprentice notary and engraver - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau - EmileUnit 3 - Day 8

  • Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Born in Geneva, Switzerland Mother dies in childbirth, Father abandons JJR Trains as an apprentice notary and engraver Becomes involved with French Catholic Baroness who takes him to France as her secretary Pays for his education, inspires conversion to Catholicism

    1742 Invents a system of musical notation Serves as secretary to French ambassador in Venice lives with a French seamstress, with whom he claims to have five childrenAll five given up for adoption at birth1749 while visiting Diderot in prison, sees a flier for an essay competition asking the question has the development of the arts and sciences been morally beneficial? His answer [NO], won and brought him to public attention.

  • Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Went on to write a successful opera, as well as the worlds first bestselling novel Julie, or the New Heloise1754 reconverts to Calvinism and returns to GenevaBegins writing philosophical treatises Discourse on the Origin of InequalityThe Social ContractEmileCriticisms of religion get him exiled from both Geneva and France takes refuge in Switzerland under protection of Frederick the Great1765 attacked by townspeople and flees to England where he lives for a time with David HumeWhile in England becomes paranoid about plots against him including those involving Hume1767 Returns to France where he completes the first modern autobiography1778 dies of a hemorrhage while out walking

  • The End of Optimism? Voltaire and RousseauAs the Enlightenment progressed philosophes became gradually less confident in the ability of reason to bring about real social changeTo many, in fact, society itself seemed to be the problemFor Voltaire, civil society could not exist without inequality someone needs to till the fields, make the shoes, bake the bread and do all the other things that no one wants to doRousseau went even further

  • The End of Optimism? Voltaire and RousseauThe first man who, having fenced in a piece of land, said "This is mine," and found people naive enough to believe him, that man was the true founder of civil society. From how many crimes, wars, and murders, from how many horrors and misfortunes might not any one have saved mankind, by pulling up the stakes, or filling up the ditch, and crying to his fellows: Beware of listening to this imposter; you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itself to nobody. - Rousseau, Discourse on Origin of Inequality

  • Romanticism and the Noble SavageRousseau straddles the intellectual movements of the Enlightenment and RomanticismRomanticism is skeptical of the claims of reason to solve social problems and to realize the full potential of human beingsSociety seems to be moving away from the basic goodness of human natureIn its place Rousseau and others introduce the concept of the Noble Savage

  • Emile, or On Education (1762)First sentence: Everything is good in leaving the hands of the Creator of Things; everything degenerates in the hands of man.Rousseau doesnt entirely give up on societyThrough proper education, careful organization of government, the hurtful effects of civil society can be remediedEmile is the semi-fictional account of his attempts to educate a young boy in a more natural way to draw on his natural nobility