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Early Reform Movements. By: Nicole Kormusis. What were the reform movements?. There were several reform movements in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Abolitionist Women's rights movement Education Prison reform Temperance movement. Abolitionist movement . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Early Reform Movements

Early Reform MovementsBy: Nicole KormusisWhat were the reform movements?There were several reform movements in the late 1800s and early 1900s. AbolitionistWomen's rights movementEducationPrison reformTemperance movementAbolitionist movement Group of people who believed that slavery was cruel and attempted to do anything to stop it.

William Lloyd GarrisonHe is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator.Also a voice for the womens suffrage movement.

Harriet Beecher StoweFamous for her novel Uncle Toms Cabin.Traveled to DC to meet with Abraham Lincoln. He addressed her with so you are the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war.

Fredrick DouglassEscaped from slavery by impersonating a sailor, and became a leader of the abolitionist movement.

Women's Rights MovementTheir position was inferior to men.Could not vote and, if married, could not own property or retain their own earnings.It took women 50 more years to achieve suffrage than it did African-American men.

Elizabeth Cady StantonCame up with the Declaration of Sentiments.It was presented at the first women's right convention held in 1848.She and her husband were both abolitionists.

Seneca Falls ConventionThe meeting was two days and six sessions, and included a lecture on law, a humorous presentation, and multiple discussions about the role of women in society.

EducationChildren were not getting a good enough education.Compulsory education was in every state by 1860. Led by Horace Mann.

Horace MannWas an education reformerBelieved that students need to be more educated. Helped build school for citizens.

Prison reformsMany tiny cells where the prisoners lived and worked alone.Weren't allowed to talk or even look at other inmates. Prisoners gained certain privileges if they worked hard.

Auburn SystemPrisoners worked during the day in groups and were kept in solitary confinement at night, with enforced silence at all times.

Temperance MovementWanted to ban alcohol.This fountain was a belief that easy access to cool drinking water would keep people from consuming alcohol.

Tompkins Square Park, New York CityUnderground RailroadNetwork of secret routes and safe houses for black slaves to escape to free states. Harriet Tubman

1. The abolitionist movement, the womens suffrage movement, and the 1960s civil rights movement are all examples of reform efforts thata. succeeded without causing major controversy b. developed significant popular support c. achieved their goals without government action d. failed to affect the nation as a whole

2. What was the purpose of William Lloyd Garrisons newspaper, The Liberator?a. Ban alcoholb. End Slaveryc. Enforce more educationd. End War3. Who came up with the Declaration of Sentiments?a. William Lloyd Garrison b. Fredrick Douglassc. Elizabeth Cady Stantond. Harriet Beecher Stowe

4. In the period from 1890 to 1920, which development was the result of the other three?a. labor union agitation in response to unemployment b. Progressive Party plea for compulsory education c. public outcry following numerous industrial accidents d. passage of child labor laws by individual states

States with prohibition laws were known asa. Wet Statesb. Alcohol-free Statesc. Dry Statesd. Maine Law States

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