reform movements

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Power Point over the Progressive Era


  • 1. Reform Movements

2. Pure Food and Drug Act The Pure Food and DrugAct was passed in 1906. It provided the federalinspection of foodproducts and medicines. This Act created the Foodand Drug Administration,which protects andpromotes public health. 3. President TheodoreRoosevelt (1901-1909)promoted investigativejournalism to exposecorrupt and harmfulbusinesses. 4. Upton Sinclair, an author, went undercover toinvestigate working conditions at a meatpacking plant.His book, The Jungle, exposed not only the harshconditions of workers, but the unhealthyregulations of the food processed in the plants.The book lead to the creation of the FDA. 5. Excerpt from The Jungle Chapter 9and as for the other men, who worked in tankrooms full of steam, and in some of which therewere open vats near the level of the floor, theirpeculiar trouble was that they fell into the vats;and when they were fished out, there wasnever enough of them left to be worth exhibitingsometimes they would be overlooked fordays, till all but the bones of them had gone outto the world as Durhams Pure Leaf Lard! 6. Addicting Medications The Pure Food and Drug Act began to regulate the labeling of habit forming drugs. It required the dosage amount and content. 7. Coca ColaThe Pure Food and DrugAct attempted toregulate the amount ofcaffeine used in colaproducts.Coca Cola Company wastaking to court, but won,and is allowed to usecaffeine as a stimulate. 8. Education ReformJohn Dewey was anAmerican philosopherand an educationalreformer.Learn by DoingDewey influenced the national educational reform which created todays education system. 9. Required School AttendanceIn 1915, Texas made ita requirement for allchildren betweenthe age of 6 and 18to attend school. 10. Penalties for not attendingWarn parent in writing;On noncompliance; filecomplaint againstparents for offenseof Class Cmisdemeanor (up to$500)Each day constitutesseparate offense 11. Child Labor LawAs the U.S.industrialized,factory owners hiredyoung workers.Children were oftenhired along withparents to makeenough money fornecessities. 12. Child Labor ReformThe National Child Labor Committee was formed in 1904.It pushed to end child labor and published the health conditions of child workers.With the help of compulsory education laws, children began to leave the work force. 13. Child Labor EndsIt took the Great Depression (1929- 1940s) to end Child Labor. Desperate adults were willing to take the same pay as children.President Franklin D. Roosevelt passed the Fair Labor Standards Act, which limited forms of labor. 14. Child Labor In TexasTexas first passed its first child labor law in 1903.Today, in Texas, children of the age of 14 are allowed to work in certain conditions and are limited to the amount of hours during the school year. 15. Womens Suffrageno state can be a true democracyin which one half of the people are denied the right to voteBefore 1920, Women didnot have the right tovote.Women organized ralliesto gain the right to vote. 16. Texas women, Eleanor Brackenridge, Minnie Cunningham, Annie Webb Blanton, and Jane McCallum were all important activist for women suffrage. Jane McCallum 17. 19th Amendment In 1920, States ratified the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, giving women the right to vote. 18. TemperanceThe TemperanceMovements missionwas to reduce oreliminate the use ofalcohol. 19. ProhibitionMen and women both supportedprohibition - the banning ofmaking, transporting, and sellingof alcohol.Organizations: The WomansChristian Temperance Union andthe Anti-Saloon LeagueHalf of Texas counties supportedprohibition by the 1900s. 20. 18th AmendmentMorris Sheppard of Texassponsored aconstitutionalamendment for nationalprohibition.In 1919, the 18thAmendment was ratified,making the sell andmanufacture of alcoholillegal 21. Reflection Questions 22. Why did women create the NWP?What were they trying to gain and end? 23. Why do you think speakeasies, orillegal bars were created?