The Space Status Quo

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The Space Status Quo. What the heck is a NASA, anyway? A Lecture by Chris Crowe, who knows someone that works for NASA. nbd . Short. Sweet. History. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (1915) Sputnik October 4, 1957. Requisite freaking out because, well Russians. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>The Space Status Quo</p> <p>The Space Status QuoWhat the heck is a NASA, anyway? </p> <p>A Lecture by Chris Crowe, who knows someone that works for NASA.</p> <p>nbd.</p> <p>Short. Sweet. History.National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (1915)Sputnik October 4, 1957.Requisite freaking out because, well Russians.Jan 31, 1958: Explorer I is the first US earth satellite.NASA created July 29, 1958.</p> <p>Read these things called booksOrders of Magnitude: A History of the NACA and NASA Robert BilsteinNASA: A History of the US Civil Space Program RD LauniusWe Never Went to the Moon: Americas Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle Bill KaysingA History of Astronomy George Forbes (1909)</p> <p>The Civilian Space Program NowNever Fergit Yer Inherency!Space-y Agencies that arent NASADepartment of Commerce: NOAA Weather and Environmental SatellitesDepartment of Defense: Advanced Research Projects, Strategic Command, Secret StuffDepartment of the Interior: EROS Center (Landsat)Department of Transportation: Federal Aviation Administration, National Science FoundationNASA BudgetFY 2011: $18.5 billion</p> <p> Top line increase of $6.0 billion over 5-years (FY 2011-15) compared to the FY 2010 Budget ($18.7 billion), for a total of $100 billion over five years.</p> <p>These are all requests, not set in stone.</p> <p>How much is that, exactly?A lot11,562.5 Lamborghini Reventons ($1.6 mill each)</p> <p>15 duplicates of Russian billionaire Roman Abramovichs yacht Eclipse</p> <p>Perspective Is KeyThe entire US budget is around $2.9 trillion.That makes NASAs cut around 0.6%NASAs inflation-adjusted budget since inception: around $750 billion.Total cost of war in Iraq (conservatively estimated): $900 billion and counting.Yearly cost of military air-conditioning in Iraq and Afghanistan: $20.2 billion.What do they spend it all on?NASA Divides Requests Into Eight (8) CategoriesScience:Earth Science, Planetary Science, Astrophysics, HeliophysicsAeronautics and Space Research and Technology:Aeronautics Research and Space TechnologyExploration: You know Exploring Stuff.Eight (8) Categories, ContdSpace Operations: Space Shuttle, ISS, Space &amp; Flight SupportEducation: You know Learning StuffCross-Agency Support: Center Management, Agency Management, Institutional Investments, Congressionally Directed ItemsEight (8) Categories, ContdConstruction and Environmental Compliance &amp; RestorationInspector General: conducts independent audits, reviews, and investigations of NASA programs and operations to prevent and detect fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement and to assist NASA managers in promoting economy, efficiency, and effectiveness.NASA PeepsCharles Bolden, Jr. NASA Administrator. Essentially in charge and top space advisor to Obama.</p> <p>Lori Garver Deputy Administrator. Second in command.</p> <p>Almost 19,000 people work directly for NASA.</p> <p>On-Going Missions/Projects(there are a lot)</p> <p>(many overlap)Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE)Launched August 25, 1997 from the Kennedy Space Center.Collects information about Solar Wind and WeatherProvides advanced warning of geomagnetic storms that can jack stuff up on Earth.Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM)Small Satellite that gathers information about noctilucent or night-shining clouds (NLCs)NLCs are IN the mesosphere.Counts meteoroids raining down on Earth.</p> <p>AquaSatellite Launched May 4, 2002Earth-observing instrumentMeasures things like radiative energy, aerosols, phytoplankton, water temperatures.89 GB of data a day.</p> <p>AquariusLaunched June 10th.Measures Sea Surface Salinity Variability (for climate studies)Collaborative Effort with Argentina</p> <p>ARCTAS MissionArctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and SatellitesStudies environmental change in the Arctic.Uses information from a bunch of different satellites and air and ground platforms.Largest airborne experiment ever undertaken to study the impact of air pollution on arctic climate.ARTEMISAcceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence and Electrodynamics of the Moons Interaction with the SunYeah Like I said above.Basically an extension of expired missions that performed a similar purpose.</p> <p>Astro-E2/SuzakuLaunched July 10, 2005.Has an X-ray Spectrometer. Provides high resolution images of the X-ray spectrum.Collaboration with JapanApparently its broken.because of the loss of cryogen, the XRS instrument can no longer provide the planned science.</p> <p>Aura MissionLaunched July 15, 2004Latin for breezeStudies air quality in the atmosphere.</p> <p>CALIPSOCloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite ObservationsMonitors Asteroids and clouds 24 hours a day.</p> <p>Cassini-Huygen MissionExplores the Saturn System (launched 1997)Currently in second extended mission (through 2017).Studies moons, rings, magnetic environment</p> <p>Chandra X-ray ObservatoryPart of NASAs fleet of Great ObservatoriesObtains X-ray images of exotic environments to understand the evolution of the universe.</p> <p>Carina Nebula Chandra recently returned images with evidence of a local supernova factory, helping us figure out how young massive stars live and die.CINDICoupled Ion Neutral Dynamic InvestigationStudies elements that influence space weather near the Earths equator.Undertaken in conjunction with the Air Force Research Laboratory</p> <p>CloudSatLaunched with CALIPSOMeasures the vertical structure of clouds from space.</p> <p>Early genesis of the Pakistan Flood on July 28, 2010CHIPSCosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma SpectrometerEven Hotter than Erik EstradaHelps determine the electron temperature, ionization conditions and cooling mechanisms of the million-degree plasma believed to fill the local interstellar bubble.</p> <p>ClusterMission: to study small-scale structures of the magnetosphere and its environment.International collaboration to investigate the physical connection between the Sun and Earth.</p> <p>DawnStudy the asteroid Velta and dwarf planet Ceres.</p> <p>EP-TOMSEarth Probe Total Ozone Mapping SpectrometerSpecializes in ozone retrieval.Currently experiencing calibration problems.</p> <p>Earth Observing - 1Advanced Land Imaging.Designed to pursue future earth imaging observatories that will have increased capabilities while reducing cost and mass.EPOXICombination of Extrasolar Planet Observations and Characterization (EPOCh) and the Deep Impact Extended Investigation (DIXI).Frontrunner for most contrived abbreviation.Supplemental mission of NASAs Deep Impact spacecraft.Basically runs into comets.Took images of Hartley 2 only fifth comet ever to have spacecraft fly close enough to take pictures.GALEXGalaxy Evolution ExplorerRecently helped confirm the nature of Dark Energy driving our universe apart at accelerating speeds.Five-year survey of 200,000 galaxies.</p> <p>FermiGamma-ray Space telescopeStudies You guessed it: gamma-ray radiation.The most energetic form of radiation.Enables physicists to study subatomic particles at energies far greater than ground-based particle accelerators.GOESGoestationary Operational Environmental SatellitesEarth monitoring satellites, geostationary orbit.Studies atmospheric triggers for severe weather like tornadoes and hurricanes.Gravity Probe BGet this: designed by Stanford just to measure two predictions of Einsteins general theory of relativity Monitored orientations of ultra-sensitive gyroscopes relative to a guide star.Apparently, Einstein was right.GRACEGravity Recovery and Climate ExperimentMeasures changes in sea-floor pressureBetter understanding of ocean currents and ocean heat transport.Monitors Ice SheetsJoint US-German mission.Hubble TelescopeLaunched in 1990Takes awesome space pictures.Only telescope designed to be serviced in space by astronautsFunctional until 2014 James Webb Space Telescope possible replacement.</p> <p>IBEXInterstellar Boundary ExplorerMission to achieve the first global observations of the region beyond the termination shock at the very edge of our solar system.Where solar wind slows down quite a bit (past planets).</p> <p>ICEsatMulti-year evaluation of the ice sheets.Collects cloud property information.</p> <p>INTEGRALInternational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics LaboratoryGamma-ray stuff, duh.Collaborative with, like, everyone (ESA).</p> <p>International Space StationResearch FacilityLargest and longest inhabited object ever to orbit Earth.</p> <p>JunoJUPITER!Scheduled to launch this August.Five-year cruise to Jupiter. Will study Jupiter things.</p> <p>KeplerScience Operations CenterHouses 7th best super computer in the world.Habitable Planet Detection</p> <p>LROLunar Reconnaissance Orbiterleading NASAs way back to the moon.Conducts investigations that prepare for future lunar exploration.Mars StuffMars Express: searches for water from orbit.Mars Exploration Rovers: Spirit and Opportunity explore the Martian Landscape.Mars Odyssey: maps the mineralogy and morphology of Martian surface.Reconnaissance Orbiter: Studies whether long-standingbodies of water ever existed.</p> <p>Mars Science LaboratoryShould launch later this year.Will study whether Mars is able to support microbial life.</p> <p>MESSENGERMercury, Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and RangingLaunched in 2004.First to orbit Mercury (March 18)</p> <p>New HorizonsIntended to study Pluto.Dispatched in 2006Flyby Pluto in July 2015.Its about halfway!PioneerSeries of 8 spacecraft missions Pioneer 6: the oldest NASA spacecraft extant (1965)Pioneer 11: Launched in 1973. Mission ended in 1995. Somewhere on its way to the constellation Aquila (should take about 4 million years to get there ;)Pioneer Venus Series: burnt up when they entered Venus or sent minimal surface data.RHESSIReuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic ImagerLaunched in 2002Explores the basic physics of particle acceleration and explosive energy release in solar flares.SOHOThe Solar &amp; Heliospheric ObservatoryDesigned to study the internal structure of the Sun, outer atmosphere and origin of solar wind.Launched Dec. 2, 1995.Joint effort with ESA (NASA launched and now responsible for mission operations).Space ShuttleFinal Mission took off July 8th.First test flights in 1981.Encompassed many multi-faceted missions: Enterprise, Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavour.Spitzer Space TelescopeStudies the universe in infrared.</p> <p>TDRSTracking and Data Relay SatelliteSatellite infrastructure for the Space Network.Telecommunications satellites.Ground Stations in New Mexico and Guam.</p> <p>VoyagerTwin spacecraft: Voyager 1 &amp; 2Studies the outer solar system.Over 33 years old.First probe to leave the solar system.Farthest man made object from Earth.Only close approach of Uranus.</p>