chapter 13 filipino revolts against spain

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  • 1. Filipino Revolts Against Spain CHAPTER 13

2. I. Causes of Revolts: 1. OUR LOVE FOR FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE 2. ABUSES OF SPANISH ENCOMENDEROS 3. TIBUTE (RESIDENCE TAX)4. FORCE LABOR 5. LAND GRABBING BY THE FRIARS 6. BASI (WINE) MONOPOLY 7. RELIGION 3. II. Examples of Revolts: 1. DAGOHOY REBELLION (1744-1829) 2. SILANG REBELLION (1762-1763) 3. FIRST PAMPANGA REVOLT (1585)4. REVOLT IN CAGAYAN AND ILOCOS (1589) 5. SUMUROY REVOLT (1649-1650) 6. AGRARIAN REVOLT IN THE PROVINCE OFBATANGAS, BULACAN, CAVITE, AND LAGUNA(1745-1746) 7. ILOCOS BASI REVOLT (1807) 8. REVOLT OF APOLINARIO DE LA CRUZ (HERMANO PULE) (1840-1841) 4. 1. Dagohoys revolt (1744-1829) The revolt of Francisco Dagohoy in Bohol. Was the longest revolt in the Philippines history. It lasted for 85 years. Dagohoys brother was killed in a duel w/ a rebel. The Catholic priest refused to give him aChristian burial. - Dagohoy got angry and led his people in a revolt. They killed 2 priests in the island. 5. 20 Spanish Governor Generals failed to stop this rebellion. 1827 Gov. Manuel Ricafort ordered 2,200 FilipinoSpanish troops to attack the Bohol patriots. But failed. 1828-1829 another attack was made. After years of fighting the patriots were finally defeated. Dagohoy died 2 years before the Filipino Patriots were defeated. 19,000 survivors were pardoned and allowed to live in a new villages. (Batuan, Bililihan, Cabulao, Catigoian, Vilar. 6. 2. Silangs Revolt (1762-1763) Diego Silang and his wife Gabriela Silang led this famous revolt in Ilocos. December 14,1762 Diego Silang proclaimed the independence of his people and made Vigan the capital of free Ilocos. May 28,1763 D. Silang was killed by an assasin. Miguel Vicos the assasin who shoot Silang in his back. D.Silang died in the arms of his wife Gabriela. 7. Gabriela Silang continued the revolt. - She won many battles. - She was called Joan of Arc of the Ilocos. - But Gabriela was defeated and executed at Vigan on September 10, 1763. 8. 3. First Pampanga Revolt (1585) The abuses of Spanish encomenderos (holders of encomienda) started this rebellion.. Some brave Pampangueno leaders plotted w/ the people in Manila to enter Intramuros and kill all Spanish officials there. But the plot did not succeed. Because a native Filipina married to a Spanish soldier reported it to the Spanish authorities. The masterminds were arrested and executed. 9. 4. Revolts again the Tribute (1589) It started in Cagayan and Ilocos . The Filipinos here revolted because of the abuses of thetribute collectors. They killed many Spaniards. Gov. Santiago de Vera pacified the rebel patriots. - he pardoned many of them and improve their tax system. 10. 5. Sumuroys Revolt (1649-1650) Visayan alcaldes mayor ordered to sent men to work in the Cavitenaval shipyards. The Visayan men hated this order because they dont want to leave their homes and families. *Sumuroy a native of Palapag, Samar, led them in an armed revolt. *June 1, 1649 he and his men killed their priest because on those days Spanish priest was really like the government. 11. Sumuroy hated the system of POLO (forced labor). Sumuroy and his men set up a free government in themountains of Samar. *July, 1650 government troops attacked Sumuroys camp. Sumuroy was caught alive and executed. 12. 6. Agrarian Revolt (1745-1746) Filipino landowners in Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, and Lagunarevolted against Spanish rule. their revolt was due to the land grabbing by Spaniards who took over their ancestral lands.Lian and Nasugbu the first spark of revolt. - The Filipinos in this towns demanded the return of their land occupied by the Spanish priest. The Filipinos burned the local churches, looted the convents, ruined the ranches of the priest. 13. After some battles, the leaders were shot and exiled. Others were pardoned after they surrendered. King Philip IV ordered the priest to return the stolen land to theFilipinos. But the Spanish priest appealed the case and later won. During American Era American authorities bought the friarlands owned by religious orders. The land were subdivided and sold to Filipino farmers. 14. 7. The Basi Revolt (1807) This was the most unusual revolt in the Philippine history. It was allabout the love for a homemade wine from sugarcane called basi. 1786 the Spanish govt took over the mnaking and sale of wine. They banned people from making wines. The Filipinos hated this order. September 28, 1807 the rebels were defeated by Superior Spanish power. Many lives were unfortunately lost, all because of the love for drinking wine. 15. 8. The Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule (1840-1841) Apolinario de la Cruz (Hermano Pule)- from Barrio Pandak, Lukban, Tayabas (Quezon) Apolinario started his own religion in Lucban, it was called the Cofradia de San Jose (Confraternity of St. Joseph). But the Spanish officials did not allow any other religion. So they banned his religion. Thousands of Filipinos in Tayabas, Laguna, Batangas, and Manila had already joined it. 16. So the Spanish officials sent troops to break up the group. ButHermano and his followers took up arms and protect themselves. October 1841 at the Alitao, near Mt. Cristobal the govt troops attacked their camp and killed many followers including old, women,and children. November 4, 1841 Hermano Pule was executed in Tayabas. But this war not the end of the story. Many Filipino soldiers secretly planned to take revenge on the hated Spaniards. The loyalist troops defeated the rebels after a bloody combat. Srg. Samaniego and 81 followers were shot at the Luneta at sunset on January 21, 1843. 17. III. Why Revolts Failed 1. THE FILIPINOS WERE NOT UNITED.INSTEAD OF HELPING EACHOTHER TO OUST THE SPANIARDS , THE FILIPINOS FOUGHT EACH OTHER. SO THE SPANIARDS USED THE FILIPINOS LACK OF UNITY TO CONTINUE OPPRESSING THEM. 2. THERE WERE NO NATIONAL LEADERS WHO UNITED THE PEOPLE.THERE WERE NO GOM-BUR-ZA, RIZAL, BONIFACIO, OR AGUINALDO THEN.THESE NATIONAL LEADERS ONLY CAME IN THE 1 9 TH C E N T U R Y . 18. IV. Historical Values 1. UNITEDWE STAND, DIVIDED WE FALL. IF FILIPINOS DO NOT HELP EACH OTHER SOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS, THEN WE WILL NOT BE ABLE TO SOLVE THESE PROBLEMS.2. IF OFFICIALS ABUSE THEIR POWERS AND OPPRESSPEOPLE, THEY WILL FALL FROM POWER. 19. Presented by: ThanksFor Gerald Ivan Tamayo Jonjie Mar MejiaWatching!!!