4 th grade social studies

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4 th Grade Social Studies . 1 st Semester Review Units 3 & 4. Unit 3. Colonial North Carolina . Chapter 5. Settling North Carolina . Lesson 1: The Lost Colony. Expedition: a journey taken by a group of people Colony: is an area of land ruled by another country - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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4th Grade Social Studies

4th Grade Social Studies 1st Semester ReviewUnits 3 & 4Unit 3Colonial North Carolina Chapter 5Settling North Carolina Lesson 1: The Lost ColonyExpedition: a journey taken by a group of peopleColony: is an area of land ruled by another country Settler: a person who moves to a new areaEuropeans began exploring what is now North Carolina in the 1500sThe 1st English colony in present-day NC was on RoanokeEnglands first 2 colonies failedThe lessons learned by the first Roanoke settlers helped teach future settlers how to survive and succeedLesson 2: The Carolina Colony Proprietor: a person who owns somethingTax: money paid to a government Governor: a person chosen to lead a colony, territory, or stateCargo: goods that are shipped from one place to anotherEngland forms the Carolina colonyCarolina Grows towns (such as Bath)Growth causes conflicts with American IndiansPirates like Blackbeard, Stede Bonnet, and Anne Bonny frequently assaulted ships

Lesson 3: A Royal ColonyBackcountry: a rural region that has few people living in it. Rebellion: a fight against a governmentSlavery: a cruel system in which people are bought and sold, then forced to work without payRight: a freedom protected by the governments laws NC became a royal colony in 1729Many groups from Europe came to NC seeking better livesEnslaved Africans worked on farmsPresent-day NC still shows colonial influences Lesson 4: Old SalemCommunity: a group of people living in the same area under the same lawsApprentice: a person who learns a trade from an adult workerMerchant: a person who buys and sells goods Commerce: the buying and selling of goodsThe Moravians believed in hard work, cooperation, and strong family tiesSalem was an important place of tradeBecame Winston-Salem, one of NCs largest and most important citiesChapter 6Life in the Colony Lesson 1: Colonial WorkPlantation: a large farm on which workers living on the farm raise cropsExport: a product sent to another place and soldNaval stores: products from pine trees used to build and repair ships Economy: the way people use resources to make, buy, and sell goods and services Colonists farmed land and fished in the Coastal Plain and in the backcountrySome colonists enslaved people worked in the forests and in townsLesson 2: Transportation and Early Towns Carriage: a horse-drawn, wheeled vehicleCooper: makes or repairs barrelsTown Meeting: a gathering where colonists voted on the laws for their towns and chose leaders

Travel in colonial NC was slow and difficultColonial towns were important places for trade and governmentAfrican Americans did different jobs in colonial townsSome colonial towns still exist todayLesson 3: Living Near the CoastAcre: an area of land that is about the size of a football fieldLoft: an area set above a living space Blacksmith: a person who makes objects out of iron, such as horseshoes

Colonial coastal living included the following:Wealthy plantation owners lived in large homesMost colonist lived in smaller homesMost children worked instead of attending school

Lesson 4: Backcountry Life Literacy: ability to read and writeMilitia: a group of ordinary people who train for a battleInn: where travelers stayLife in the backcountry:Families grew their own foodHad small housesWomen cooked and sewed Played lots of games/have gatherings Chapter 7The Road to Independence Lesson 1: Conflicts GrowRegulator: a backcountry person who wanted to control his own lifePetition: a written request from a group of peopleCongress: a group of leaders who meet to discuss a subjectRevolution: a fight to remove a government from power Conflicts with Britain leading up to the American Revolution in 1775:Stamp Act protests, 1765Battle of Alamance, 1771 Tea Parties, 1773-1774

Disagreements over taxes led to a war to free colonists from British ruleLesson 2: NC in the WarPatriot: someone who wanted freedom from British rule Loyalist: wanted the colonies to remain part of BritainDelegate: a person chosen to act and speak for othersIndependence: freedom from the rule of another country Surrender: to give up controlThe American colonies declared independence in 1776. After 8 years of fighting in the American Revolution, the colonies gained independence from Britain!The American Revolution led to the birth of a new nationLesson 3: StatehoodConstitution: a written plan for governmentLegislature: a group of people who make and change lawsConvention: a meeting that brings people together for a common purpose Backcountry farmers tried to create the State of Franklin in 1784The Constitutional Convention created a stronger national governmentNC became the 12th state in 1789Unit 4 Living in North Carolina Chapter 8Freedom and Equality Lesson 1: The Struggle for FreedomAbolitionist: someone who wants to end slaveryAmendment: a change to the ConstitutionSegregation: the forced separation of blacks and whitesCivil rights: the rights that countries guarantee their citizens

Slavery ended after the Civil WarAfrican Americans still faced discriminationAfrican Americans used nonviolent protests to protect their rightsDr. Martin Luther King was a leader who support non-violent protestsGreensboro Sit-In: in 1960 4 NC students repeatedly went to a restaurant that was segregated. They were asked to leave but wouldnt. Eventually they won!Lesson 2: Equality for AllSuffrage: the right to voteRatify: to approveAmerican Indians and women fought for equality in education and government.The Nineteenth Amendment protects womens suffrage (right to vote)Chapter 9Citizenship and Government Lesson 1: Citizenship in NC Jury: a group of people who decide a court caseElection: the way voters choose people to serve in governmentVolunteer: a person who does a job for no pay

Citizens have rights and responsibilitiesHave to votePay taxes The Bill of Rights protects our rights (10 Amendments in the Constitution) Freedoms of religion, speech, and press

Lesson 2: State GovernmentVeto: to reject Capitol: an office building where a government does its workPublic Servant: a person who works for the local, state, or national government

Three branches of Government Legislative Branch: makes lawsExecutive Branch: enforces lawsJudicial branch: interprets lawsLesson 3: Local Government County: a section of a state containing several cities or towns Mayor: the elected leader of a city or townEvery city and county in NC has a local government that provides servicesThe elected officials in most cities are the mayor and the city councilCounty governments are often led by commissioners About North CarolinaPreamble, Symbols, and other InformationPreamble We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation of the American Union and the existence of our civil, political and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, do, for the more certain security thereof and for the better government of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution.

NC SymbolsState Bird: CardinalState Saltwater Fish: Channel BassState Mammal: Gray Squirrel

State Flower: DogwoodState Tree: PineState Precious Stone: Emerald (largest emerald in North America was found near Statesville NC)

Other informationLeading crops: Tobacco, peanuts, soybeans, corn, cottonLeading Industries: Making of chemicals and textilesState Song: The Old North State

State saying: To be rather than to seemState Nickname: The Old North State, or The Tar Heel State General InformationWe live in the Western Hemisphere.North America is the continent that we live on.Our country is the United States of America . Our state is called North Carolina.Sanford is our town.North Carolina has 3 neighboring states. They are South Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee.North Carolinas physical features include oceans and mountains.The highest mountain in North Carolina is Mt. Mitchell.North Carolina is located on the East Coast.