6 th grade social studies

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6 th Grade Social Studies. Terms and Topics Review Presentation. 04/27/12. Nebuchadnezzar. The king of Babylon in Mesopotamia who built the Hanging Gardens for his wife. Nile River. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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6th Grade Social Studies

6th Grade Social StudiesTerms and TopicsReview Presentation04/27/121NebuchadnezzarThe king of Babylon in Mesopotamia who built the Hanging Gardens for his wife.

2Nile RiverTheNileis a major north flowingriverin northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longestriverin the world. Egypt is the gift if the Nile.

3Nile River Deltais thedeltaformed in NorthernEgypt(Lower Egypt) where theNile River spreads out and drains into theMediterranean Sea. It is one of the world's largest river deltas

4Nomads Nomads are people who travel around from place to place without having a permanent place to live.

5Oligarchya small group of people who together govern a nation or control an organization.Sparta was governed by an oligarchy.

6Origins of the Name: Kentucky Derived from the Languages of the Native Americans who lived in the lands before it became the state of Kentucky.

7Parliament England's system of government made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

8Power to Collect Taxes The Local, State and Federal levels of Government have the power to collect taxes.

9Population DensityAmount or number of people in a given area of land. For example how many people live within one square mile. Rural areas would show less density in population than urban/suburban areas.

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Pre-historic peopleIn ancient history these are the people who lived before written records. These people were referred to as hunter/gatherers,nomads and cavemen11Pre- vs. Post-Pre: BeforePre-war: before the war.Post: AfterPost-War: after the warPrimary Source Secondary Source Secondary sources provide interpretation and analysis of primary sources.Secondary sources are one step removed from the original event or "horse's mouth."

Examples of secondary sources:Britannica Online encyclopedia (online) American National Biography (database) literary criticism analyzing a play, poem, novel, or short story magazine or newspaper articles about events or people political commentary analyzing an election or politician (via Lexis-Nexis database) textbooks A primary source is a document, speech, or other sort of evidence written, created or otherwise produced during the time under study. Primary sources offer an inside view of a particular event. Examples include:Original documents: autobiographies, diaries, e-mail, interviews, letters, minutes, news film footage, official records, photographs, raw research data, speechesCreative works: art, drama, films, music, novels, poetryRelics or artifacts: buildings, clothing, DNA, furniture, jewelry, pottery13Pros and ConsArguments for and against,Advantages & disadvantages, or Criticisms & defenses of some particular contention or position. PharaohPharaoh is a title used for the ancient Egyptian rulers.

Physical Features vs. Human FeaturesPhysical features include landforms, bodies of water, climate, natural vegetation and soil.

Human features include buildings, dams, bridges, farms, cities and towns, roads, and changes made to physical features.

Physical Map vs. Political Map

Physical Map shows physical features. Mountains, Rivers, Plains, Deserts, and Seas.Political Map shows Human features. Towns, Cities, States, Countries and Roads.17Marco PoloMarco was a trader and an explorer from the city-state of Venice. He was one of the first Westerners to travel the Silk Road to China. He later wrote a book on his travels called The Travels of Marco Polo.

BornSeptember 15, 1254)Venice, Italy (disputed)Diedon or after January 9, 1324Venice

Popular Sovereignty The idea that power of government lies with the people.They express this power through voting.

19Powers of GovernmentEnumeratedConcurrent Reserved

The duties and responsibilities of the 3 branches of government

20Push Pull Factors of MigrationPush factors are the reasons for people to emigrate (leave) from the country of origin to another country.

Pull factors are the reasons that people have to immigrate (move) to another country from their country of origin.Regions of Kentucky

22Representative Democracy A government where citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.

23RepublicA political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who are entitled to vote for officers and representatives who are then responsible to them. And NO king.

24ResponsibilitiesVoteBe InformedParticipate in government.Respect the rights of others.Respect Diversity. Pay TaxesObey the LawAttend SchoolServe in Court(jury duty)Defend the Nation(draft)

25Natural Resources WaterTreesAirCoalNatural GasLandPetroleum

26RightsA right is a freedom that is protected, such as the right to free speech and religion.

Rural vs. UrbanRural - Country. Sparse population, (Ex. Farms) Sparsely populatedUrban - City, examples include dense population. (Ex. Skyscrapers) Densely populated

28ScarcityIs a shortage of supplies or resources.

29Social Interaction The way people in a group or civilization.CommunicateParticipate in clubsAthletic eventsRecreation (picnics/socials)

30Social Institutions Established in societies:FamilyGovernmentEconomyReligionEducation

31SettlementSettlements are the places where people settled to build permanent homes. This was the beginning of villages and towns and urban development.

SpecializationSpecialization is the separation of tasks within a system or civilization. Farmers grow crops, bakers make bread, potters make pottery and then trade or sell their goods for the things they do not have.

33Supply and DemandSupply is the goods or resources you have on hand and demand is what or how much people want.

34TariffsA tariff is a tax imposed on goods when they are moved across a political boundary.

TechnologyThe tools that we use to make life easier.

Terracing Carved steps into mountains or high elevations for farming or living purposes. This makes land that is otherwise useless now useable.

37Thematic MapsMaps that have big ideas, or themes, such as population, growing seasons, precipitation.

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Types of Energy PowerWater ElectricSolarNuclearWindHydroelectric

Urban DevelopmentCity growth or the growth of areas that include suburbs. Example would be skyscrapers in a city in order to maximize limited space.

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VetoA veto, a Latin word meaning to forbid, gives power to stop changes or, in government, to stop a bill from being made law. Yangtze and Yellow Rivers Two of the major rivers found in China where Ancient Chinese civilization began.

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