7 th grade social studies crct prep. review

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7 th Grade Social Studies CRCT Prep. Review. Jeffrey Bell 7 th Grade Social Studies. 4/22/13 Links to Learning CRCT Prep. Login Go to student shared drive Click on Coach Bell CRCT Prep. Copy website http ://www.linkstolearning.com/links/Atlanta/Test%20Prep/CRCT/crct.htm - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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4/22/13

7th Grade Social StudiesCRCT Prep. ReviewJeffrey Bell7th Grade Social Studies4/22/13Links to Learning CRCT Prep.LoginGo to student shared driveClick on Coach BellCRCT Prep.Copy websitehttp://www.linkstolearning.com/links/Atlanta/Test%20Prep/CRCT/crct.htm

Go to the internetPaste websiteSend scores to: jeffrey.bell@douglas.k12.ga.usConnecting Themes Used In Global StudiesUnit One5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHYThe 5 Themes of Geography are:Location-Geographic study begins with learning the location of places. Location can be absolute or relative.Place- Describes the human and physical characteristics of a location.Region-Region divides the world into manageable units for geographic study.Movement-Studies movement and migration across the planet.Human-Environment Interaction-How humans adapt to and modify the environmentLOCATION- Place on a mapABSOLUTE LOCATION- Uses Latitude and Longitude to locate a place on the map ex.- Douglasville Ga. Is located at: 33 44' 59" N / 84 43' 23" W

RELATIVE LOCATION- Use descriptive terms to locate one place in relation to another. ex.-The City of Douglasville, GA, is about 20 miles west of Atlanta in Douglas County.

PLACE-Describes the physical and human characteristics of an area.

Physical Characteristics include the geographic features such as landforms and climate of an area.

Climate-There are 3 major climate zones on earth. Temperatures in these three climate zones are determined mainly by the location, or latitude, of the zone. Polar(High Latitude)-In each hemisphere, the polar zone extends from the pole (90) to about 60 degrees latitude. Temperate-In each hemisphere, the temperate zone is found between 60 and 30 degrees latitude.Tropical(Low Latitude)- In each hemisphere, the tropical zone extends from 30 degrees north and south latitude to the equator (0 degrees)

Government-There are many types of government. Here are some of the most common.DictatorshipTotalitarianTheocracyMonarchyParliamentaryRepublicAnarchyTotalitarianOligarchyDemocracy

GovernmentDictatorship-Rule by a single leader who has not been elected and may use force to keep control. In a military dictatorship, the army is in control. Usually, there is little or no attention to public opinion or individual rights.Example- Cuba

Totalitarian-Rule by a single political party. People are forced to do what the government tells them and may also be prevented from leaving the country.Example- China

Government

TheocracyA form of government where the rulers claim to be ruling on behalf of a set of religious ideas, or as direct agents of a deity.Example-IranGovernment

MonarchyA monarchy has a king or queen, who sometimes has absolute power. Power is passed along through the familyExample- JordanGovernment

ParliamentaryA parliamentary system is led by representatives of the people. Each is chosen as a member of a political party and remains in power as long as his/her party doesExample-Canada and The United KingdomGovernment

AnarchyAnarchy is a situation where there is no government. This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place.Example-AfghanistanGovernment

TotalitarianRule by a single political party. Votes for alternative candidates and parties are simply not allowed. Citizens are allowed and 'encouraged' to vote, but only for the government's chosen candidates.Example-North KoreaGovernment

OligarchyA form of government which consists of rule by an elite group who rule in their own interests, especially the accumulation of wealth and privilege. Only certain members of society have a valid voice in the government. This can reflect (but is not limited to) economic interests, a particular religious tradition (theocracy), or familial rule (monarchy).Example-Pakistan Government

DemocracyIn a democracy, the government is elected by the people. Everyone who is eligible to vote - which is a majority of the population - has a chance to have their say over who runs the country.Example-IndiaGovernment

Economic Systems of the WorldEconomic systems can actually be divided into 3 categories based on how the country manages the production and distribution of goods and services. These are:TraditionalCommandMarket

Economic Systems of the WorldTRADITIONAL ECONOMIC SYSTEM What is produced and what each person does is determined by birth. A person might be expected to do what his father did. The share of wealthis determined by custom or one's position in society.There are traditional economies that exist today in parts of Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America.

Economic Systems of the WorldCOMMAND ECONOMIC SYSTEM- The individual has very little say as to how the basiceconomic questions are answered. What is produced and what each person does might be determined by a small group of individuals.The product might be the property of the small group in control or shared with others. The People's Republic of China ,Uganda and the Soviet Union are examples of command economies, although, most of these nations have gradually moved toward a limited market economy.Economic Systems of the WorldMARKET ECONOMIC SYSTEM- What is produced and what each person does is based on the activity within the market. Buyers and sellers decide for themselves what goods and services will be produced. Individuals decide for themselves the answers to the basic economic questions. The United States is classified as a market economy.The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East). SS7G522

23Locate the following places on your map:Euphrates River (Turkey, Iraq, Syria)Jordan River (Jordan, Israel) Tigris River (Turkey, Iraq)Suez Canal (Saudi Arabia, Egypt)Persian Gulf (Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar)Strait of Hormuz (UAE, Oman, Iran)Arabian Sea (Iran, Oman, Pakistan, India)Red Sea (Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Sudan)Gaza Strip (Israel)24

Picture of the Euphrates River

Euphrates River The Euphrates River begins in the mountains of Turkey. It flows southward through Syria and Iraq. It meets up with the Tigris River in southern Iraq and empties into the Persian Gulf. The Euphrates River is one of the most important rivers in the world.The Tigris Euphrates valley was the birthplace of ancient civilizations. The river is the source of political tension between Turkey, Syria and Iraq because they all compete for the use of its waters for irrigation and the generation of hydroelectric power. 25

Jordan RiverThe Jordan River extends from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea. It is considered to be one of the world's most sacred rivers to both Christians and Jews. It is a major river in southwest Asia and provides crucial water for Jordan and Israel.

The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the Earths surface26

Fun Fact: The Dead Sea27Tigris RiverThe Tigris River is 1,150 miles long and begins on the Armenian plateau in Turkey. In Iraq, it receives additional water from four other rivers. As a result, the Tigris is a faster flowing river and is more subject to catastrophic flooding than the Euphrates.

City of Baghdad 28Suez Canal

It is approximately 100 miles long. It opened in November 1869, allowing water transportation between Europe and Asia without navigating around Africa. The northern terminus is Port Said, and the southern terminus is Port Tawfik at the city of Suez. The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.29Persian GulfThis inland sea is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz, and its western end is marked by the major river delta of Arvand-Rud , which carries the waters of the Euphrates and Tigris.

The Persian Gulf Persian: , Arabic: lies between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.30

The Strait of Hormuz Arabic: - Persian: a narrow, strategically important waterway between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, which leads into the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. 40% of the worlds oil shipments go through the Strait (approximately 17 million barrels a day). Because it is such an important ocean trade route, nations have been willing to go to war to keep the Strait open.31Arabian Sea

Arabian Sea is a portion of the Indian Ocean between the Arabian Peninsula on the west and the subcontinent of India on the east. Bounded on the north by Iran and Pakistan, it merges with the main body of the Indian Ocean in the south. Among the principal arms of the Arabian Sea are the Gulf of Aden, which links it with the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Oman, which links it with the Persian Gulf.Gulf of AdenGulf of Oman32Red SeaA narrow, inland sea, separating the Arabian peninsula, from northeastern Africa. The maximum depth of the sea is 9,970 ft, and its maximum width is 220 mi. The Suez Canal connects the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean. The Red Sea formed when the Arabian Peninsula was torn from Africa, 20 million years ago. The Red Sea occupies an area known as the Great Rift Valley.

33

A Palestinian territory bordered on the south by Egypt and on the north and east by Israel. Israel occupied the area until 2005, when the government of the area was turned over to Palestinian authorities. Today it controlled by Hamas and the land is being used by radical groups to launch missiles toward Israel.Arabic: Hebrew: 34Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey

Locate the following countries on your map:35Afghanistan Currency - Afghani (AFN)Official languages: Dan (Persian) and Pashto Capital Kabul

The climate is harsh; very hot in the summer and extremely cold in the winter. The climate and the landscape make farming very difficu