renaissance means “rebirth” means “rebirth” rebirth of art and learning rebirth of art and...

Download Renaissance Means “REBIRTH” Means “REBIRTH” Rebirth of art and learning Rebirth of art and learning Started in Italy-they were not locked in the Hundred

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  • Slide 1
  • Renaissance Means REBIRTH Means REBIRTH Rebirth of art and learning Rebirth of art and learning Started in Italy-they were not locked in the Hundred Years War like France and England Started in Italy-they were not locked in the Hundred Years War like France and England Italy=thriving cities, wealthy merchant class, and classical heritage of Greece and Rome Italy=thriving cities, wealthy merchant class, and classical heritage of Greece and Rome
  • Slide 2
  • Lapbook 3 pieces of paper-fold into front booklets 3 pieces of paper-fold into front booklets Paste sides together to create 3 section Paste sides together to create 3 section Close middle, fold over right side, fold over left and you get your cover Close middle, fold over right side, fold over left and you get your cover
  • Slide 3
  • Front Cover 3 squares-if want even fold paper into 8 squares and share with your neighbor or save for later 3 squares-if want even fold paper into 8 squares and share with your neighbor or save for later Fold each square into front booklet-label top Political Causes Religious Causes, Economical Causes; label bottom of each Results (if you want, you can draw line through the middle of the inside to separate causes from results) Fold each square into front booklet-label top Political Causes Religious Causes, Economical Causes; label bottom of each Results (if you want, you can draw line through the middle of the inside to separate causes from results) Label with proper causes and results Label with proper causes and results Glue back of each square to front cover Glue back of each square to front cover Title-Renaissance and Reformation Title-Renaissance and Reformation
  • Slide 4
  • Religious Causes As a result of war and plague during the late Middle Ages, people in Europe questioned the Church. As a result of war and plague during the late Middle Ages, people in Europe questioned the Church. Lesson they took from this=endure suffering and get heavenly reward Lesson they took from this=endure suffering and get heavenly reward
  • Slide 5
  • Political Causes Questioned structure of medieval society which did not allow for social advancement Questioned structure of medieval society which did not allow for social advancement Nobles inherit social rank vs. Merchants whose success depended on their own wits Nobles inherit social rank vs. Merchants whose success depended on their own wits Educated people gradually began to reject medieval values and looked to classical past for ideas Educated people gradually began to reject medieval values and looked to classical past for ideas
  • Slide 6
  • Economical Causes Spurred by Crusades Spurred by Crusades Places where people exchange new ideas Places where people exchange new ideas Bubonic plague killed up to 60% of population Bubonic plague killed up to 60% of population Fewer laborers, survivors could demand higher wages Fewer laborers, survivors could demand higher wages Reduced population shrank opportunities for business expansion-wealthy merchants began to pursue other interests, such as art. Reduced population shrank opportunities for business expansion-wealthy merchants began to pursue other interests, such as art.
  • Slide 7
  • Front of 1 st flap Timeline-fold color paper hot dog style into 4 sections, cut two sections off to create thin fold. Fold into as many pieces as possible (16 sections)-cut 4 off to create 12 folds. Timeline-fold color paper hot dog style into 4 sections, cut two sections off to create thin fold. Fold into as many pieces as possible (16 sections)-cut 4 off to create 12 folds. Cut top portion only on folds to create 12 flaps. Draw lines on bottom portion if you prefer. Cut top portion only on folds to create 12 flaps. Draw lines on bottom portion if you prefer. Chapter 17 Chapter 17
  • Slide 8
  • TIMELINE 1300-Renaissance begins in Italy 1300-Renaissance begins in Italy 1455-Gutenberg Bible printed 1455-Gutenberg Bible printed 1504-Michelangelo finished sculpting David (18 feet tall portrayal of ideal human figure) 1504-Michelangelo finished sculpting David (18 feet tall portrayal of ideal human figure) 1509-Desiderius Erasmus wrote The Praise of Folly- Christianity of the heart, not ceremonies or rules 1509-Desiderius Erasmus wrote The Praise of Folly- Christianity of the heart, not ceremonies or rules 1513-Machiavelli writes The Prince 1513-Machiavelli writes The Prince 1516-Thomas More wrote Utopia-model void of societys flaw 1516-Thomas More wrote Utopia-model void of societys flaw 1517-Martin Luther posts The 95 Theses 1517-Martin Luther posts The 95 Theses 1534-Henry VIII becomes head of Englands church, breaking ties with Rome 1534-Henry VIII becomes head of Englands church, breaking ties with Rome 1555-Peace of Augsburg ends religious wars in Germany 1555-Peace of Augsburg ends religious wars in Germany 1558-Elizabeth I rules England-Renaissance in England known as Elizabethan Age-head of Anglican church 1558-Elizabeth I rules England-Renaissance in England known as Elizabethan Age-head of Anglican church 1563-Council of Trent ends-Catholic bishops and cardinals agree on several doctrine that reform the Catholic church 1563-Council of Trent ends-Catholic bishops and cardinals agree on several doctrine that reform the Catholic church 1564-William Shakespeare born 1564-William Shakespeare born
  • Slide 9
  • Back of 1 st flap 2 squares (double size of causes/results)- fold in half for simple fold 2 squares (double size of causes/results)- fold in half for simple fold Label front of one Printing Press and other William Shakespeare Label front of one Printing Press and other William Shakespeare Copy slides-can summarize if needed Copy slides-can summarize if needed Glue back to first inside fold Glue back to first inside fold
  • Slide 10
  • Printing Press Adapted Chinese technology (block printing) Adapted Chinese technology (block printing) Johann Gutenberg, reinvented movable type around 1440 Johann Gutenberg, reinvented movable type around 1440 Machine that presses paper against a tray full of inked movable type Machine that presses paper against a tray full of inked movable type 1455-Gutenberg Bible=first full-size book printed with moveable type 1455-Gutenberg Bible=first full-size book printed with moveable type Quantity of books higher=cost lowered, ideas travel Quantity of books higher=cost lowered, ideas travel Literacy rates improve Literacy rates improve People able to interpret books, including the Bible, on their own which made them critical of priests and their behavior (religious reform) People able to interpret books, including the Bible, on their own which made them critical of priests and their behavior (religious reform)
  • Slide 11
  • William Shakespeare English Playwright English Playwright Born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon Born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon Macbeth, King Lear, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Midsummer Nights Dream Macbeth, King Lear, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Midsummer Nights Dream Drew on classics for inspiration and plots Drew on classics for inspiration and plots What a piece of work is a man, how noble in reason, how infinite in faculties, in form and moving, how express and admirable in action, how like an angel in apprehension [understanding], how like a god! The beauty of the world; the paragon of animals. William Shakespeare, Hamlet
  • Slide 12
  • Flap over the left section Cut color paper in half hamburger style- create flap over left side Cut color paper in half hamburger style- create flap over left side
  • Slide 13
  • Popes 3 flaps that lift up-Pick 3-Popes names on top of flap with information underneath Pope Pius II ( 1458-1464) Pope Pius II ( 1458-1464) Pope Alexander VI (1492-1503) Pope Alexander VI (1492-1503) Julius II (1503-1513) Julius II (1503-1513) Pope Leo X (1513-1521) Pope Leo X (1513-1521) Clement VII (1523-1534) Clement VII (1523-1534) Paul III (1534-1549) Paul III (1534-1549) Pius IV (1559-1565) Pius IV (1559-1565)
  • Slide 14
  • Causes of Reformation Printing Press spread secular ideas Printing Press spread secular ideas Rulers resented popes attempts to control them Rulers resented popes attempts to control them Merchants resented paying church taxes to Rome Merchants resented paying church taxes to Rome Religious reform started in Germany Religious reform started in Germany
  • Slide 15
  • Problems of Church Critics claim church leaders were corrupt Critics claim church leaders were corrupt Popes patronized the arts, spent extravagantly on personal pleasure, and fought wars Popes patronized the arts, spent extravagantly on personal pleasure, and fought wars Lower clergy poorly educated, let alone teacher people, broke priestly vows by marrying, or by gambling or drinking to excess Lower clergy poorly educated, let alone teacher people, broke priestly vows by marrying, or by gambling or drinking to excess
  • Slide 16
  • Reform Denied pope had the right to worldly power Denied pope had the right to worldly power Bible had more authority than Church leaders Bible had more authority than Church leaders Many reformers executed for heresy Many reformers executed for heresy
  • Slide 17
  • Martin Luther 1517 Luther decided to take a public stand against actions of friar named Johann Tetzel 1517 Luther decided to take a public stand against actions of friar named Johann Tetzel Tetzel selling indulgences to raise money to rebuild St. Peters Cathedral in Rome (released a sinner from performing the penalty,

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