The Geography of Greece Bronze Age Greece Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos)

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Slide 2 The Geography of Greece Slide 3 Slide 4 Bronze Age Greece Slide 5 Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos) Slide 6 Knossos: Minoan Civilization Slide 7 Minoan Civilization Slide 8 The Mycenaean Civilization Slide 9 Homer: The Heroic Age Slide 10 The Mask of Agamemnon Slide 11 Slide 12 ATHENS: Yesterday & Today Slide 13 Piraeus: Athens Port City Slide 14 Early Athenian Lawgivers Draco - draconian Solon Cleisthenes created the first democracy! Slide 15 Persian Wars: 499 BC 480 BC Slide 16 Persian Wars: Famous Battles Marathon (490 BC) - 26 miles from Athens Thermopylae (480 BC) - 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass Salamis (480 BC) - Athenian navy victorious Slide 17 Golden Age of Pericles : 460 BC 429 BC Slide 18 Great Athenian Philosophers Socrates - Know thyself! - question everything - only the pursuit of goodness brings happiness. Plato - The Academy - the world of the FORMS - The Republic philosopher-king Slide 19 Great Athenian Philosophers Aristotle - the Lyceum - Golden Mean [everything in moderation] - Logic - Scientific method. Slide 20 Athens: The Arts & Sciences DRAMA (tragedians): - Aeschylus - Sophocles - Euripides THE SCIENCES: - Pythagoras - Democritus all matter made up of small atoms. - Hippocrates Father of Medicine Slide 21 Phidias Acropolis Slide 22 The Acropolis Today Slide 23 The Parthenon Slide 24 The Agora Slide 25 The Classical Greek Ideal Slide 26 Italy moves to stop ultra-skinny models ROME (Reuters) - Italy's government and its fashion chiefs are working on a manifesto to crack down on the use of ultra-thin teenagers on the catwalk, as pressure grows on the fashion world to promote healthier looks. After Spain barred models below a certain weight from a Madrid fashion show in September, industry leaders in Argentina and now Brazil have joined a campaign to ensure models are over 16 years old and are not excessively thin. Powerful Milan fashion houses first resisted calls to copy the Spanish regulations, with Italian National Fashion Chamber head Mario Boselli saying in September that only "maybe one girl in a hundred" could be defined as too skinny. But after Boselli, whose lobby represents big names like Armani, Versace and Prada, met Italian Youth Minister Giovanna Melandri this week, he agreed to work with the ministry on a self regulatory code of good practice. Slide 27 Italy moves to stop ultra-skinny models "Italy has an important strategic role in world fashion so we have to send a strong signal," said Flaminia Spadone, an aide to the minister. The manifesto will be launched before the Milan women's fashion week in February, a major event in the catwalk calendar. "We'd like fashion houses, modeling agencies, photographers and everyone working in the fashion world to sign the charter," she said. "It would be voluntary but professional bodies could decide to impose sanctions on people who don't sign, preventing them from taking part in fashion shows." Boselli told Reuters the charter might require women to undergo medical checks for body weight, though it would also take into account factors like genetic influences on weight. Slide 28 Italy moves to stop ultra-skinny models ULTRA-SLIM LOOK The use of underweight models promoting the ultra-slim look has held sway in much of world fashion since the 1990s, and was epitomized by British supermodel Kate Moss. But it has come into sharp critical focus since the death of Brazilian model Ana Carolina Resto last month from complications derived from the slimming disease anorexia. There are calls for a return to the slim but more curvaceous models of the 1980s, like and Claudia Schiffer. "We won't have a specific limit on body mass index as they do in Spain," said Boselli. But Spadone said the ministry would ideally like to follow the Spanish example and impose a limit on the body mass index, which takes into account the model's height versus weight. She said models who came under 18.5 on the index -- the World Health Organisation's definition of underweight -- should be banned from working for the sake of their own health. "In the Third World, if someone has an index of less than 18.5, they send in humanitarian aide," she said. Slide 29 A model shows a design by Unique in London September 17, 2006. Italy's government and its fashion chiefs are working on a manifesto to crack down on the use of ultra-thin teenagers on the catwalk, as pressure grows on the fashion world to promote healthier looks. (Kevin Coombs/Reuters) Slide 30 MILAN (Reuters) - The Italian fashion capital Milan has formally barred ultra-skinny and under-age models ahead of its February catwalk shows, as the fashion world comes under pressure to promote a healthier image. The agreement signed on Monday between the city and its powerful fashion industry bans models under 16 and those with a body mass index of less than 18.5 from Milan's shows. The accord also includes courses on healthy eating and exercise and calls for a variety of clothing sizes in shows. "The agreement is the result of a common effort... to share and to communicate to our young people the importance of positive models of living," Milan mayor Letizia Moratti said in a statement. Milan bans ultra-skinny models from catwalk Tue Dec 19, 2006 7:49am ET Slide 31 Body mass index is the ratio of weight to the square of height -- so that a 1.73 m (5 foot 8 inch) model who weighed less than 55.4 kg (122 lb) would be barred. The accord is broadly in line with a manifesto issued by the national government and Italy's fashion chiefs on Saturday, and due to be signed this week. Spain barred models below a certain weight from Madrid's shows in September. This month Brazil launched a campaign to ban under-age, underweight models from shows in response to the death of a Brazilian model from complications due to anorexia. Milan's fashion houses at first resisted calls to follow the Spanish example. Mario Boselli, the head of Italy's National Fashion Chamber, said in September that only "maybe one girl in a hundred" of the models on show could be defined as too skinny. But Boselli, whose lobby group represents such big names as Armani, Versace and Prada, agreed to work with the government on a self-regulatory code of good practice. Slide 32 MILAN: The Italian fashion capital Milan has formally barred ultra-skinny and under-age models ahead of its February catwalk shows, as the fashion world comes under pressure to promote a healthier image. The agreement signed on Monday between the city and its powerful fashion industry bans models under 16 and those with a body mass index of less than 18.5 from Milan's shows. The accord also includes courses on healthy eating and exercise and calls for a variety of clothing sizes in shows. "The agreement is the result of a common effort... to share and to communicate to our young people the importance of positive models of living," Milan mayor Letizia Moratti said in a statement. Body mass index is the ratio of weight to the square of height so that a 1.73m model who weighed less than 55.4kg would be barred. Slide 33 The accord is broadly in line with a manifesto issued by the national government and Italy's fashion chiefs on Saturday, and due to be signed this week. Spain barred models below a certain weight from Madrid's shows in September. This month Brazil launched a campaign to ban under-age, underweight models from shows in response to the death of a Brazilian model from complications due to anorexia. Milan's fashion houses at first resisted calls to follow the Spanish example. Mario Boselli, the head of Italy's National Fashion Chamber, said in September that only "maybe one girl in a hundred" of the models on show could be defined as too skinny. But Boselli, whose lobby group represents such big names as Armani, Versace and Prada, agreed to work with the government on a self-regulatory code of good practice. Slide 34 NO MORE SKIN-NY SHOW: Milan has formally barred ultra-skinny and under-age models ahead of its February catwalk shows. Slide 35 Italy issues new code to stop ultra-skinny models A model displays an outfit as part of Versace's Spring/Summer 2007 women's collections during Milan Fashion Week September 29, 2006. Italy's government and its fashion chiefs issued a manifesto on Saturday to crack down on the use of ultra-thin teenagers on the catwalk, requiring models to show proof of their good health or be barred from fashion shows. REUTERS/Stefano Rellandini Slide 36 Olympia Slide 37 The Ancient Olympics: Athletes & Trainers Slide 38 Olympia: Temple to Hera Slide 39 The 2004 Olympics Slide 40 SPARTA Slide 41 Helots Messenians enslaved by the Spartans. Slide 42 Peloponnesian Wars Slide 43 Macedonia Under Philip II Slide 44 Slide 45 Alexander the Great Slide 46 Alexander the Great s Empire Slide 47 Alexander the Great in Persia Slide 48 The Hellenization of Asia Slide 49 Pergamum: A Hellenistic City Cosmopolitan Culture Slide 50 The Economy of the Hellenistic World Slide 51 Library at Alexandria (333 B.C.E.) Slide 52 Hellenic vs. Hellenistic Art Slide 53 Hellenistic Philosophers Cynics Diogenes ignore social conventions & avoid luxuries. citizens of the world. live a humble, simple life. Epicurians Epicurus avoid pain & seek pleasure. all excess leads to pain! politics should be avoided. Slide 54 Hellenistic Philosophers Stoics Zeno nature is the expansion of divine will. concept of natural law. get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but to perform virtuous acts for the good of all. true happiness is found in great achievements. Slide 55 Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences Scientists / Mathematicians: Aristarchus heliocentric theory. Euclid geometry. Archimedes pulley. Ptolemy geocentric theory. Slide 56 Ptolemaic View of the Universe Slide 57 Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences Hellenistic Art: - more realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art. - showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age! Slide 58 The Known World 3c B.C.E. Slide 59 The Breakup of Alexander s Empire Slide 60 The Incursion of Rome into the Hellenistic World Slide 61 Slide 62 Slide 63 Slide 64 Slide 65 Slide 66 Slide 67 Slide 68 Slide 69 Slide 70 http://www.pbs.org/w gbh/nova/doctors/oat h_modern.html

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