the geography of greece bronze age greece minoan world: 2000-1400 b.c.e

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • The Geography of Greece
  • Slide 3
  • Slide 4
  • Bronze Age Greece
  • Slide 5
  • Minoan World: 2000-1400 B.C.E.
  • Slide 6
  • Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos)
  • Slide 7
  • Aerial View of Knossos
  • Slide 8
  • Knossos: Minoan Civilization
  • Slide 9
  • Minoan Civilization
  • Slide 10
  • Palace of King Minos North Entrance
  • Slide 11
  • Palace of King Minos - Interiors
  • Slide 12
  • Palace of King Minos Throne Room
  • Slide 13
  • Minoan Ladies Women had rights
  • Slide 14
  • Minoan Culture - Religion Minoan Priest Minoan Snake Mother Goddess Religion was based on worshiping the Mother Goddess
  • Slide 15
  • Bull Cult and based on worshiping the Bull.
  • Slide 16
  • Bull Jumping Fresco
  • Slide 17
  • Minoan Trade Bireme ship Coast of Crete Minoan success was based on trade, not conquest.
  • Slide 18
  • Minoan Artistic Motifs Dolphins represent good fortune and show the importance of the sea.
  • Slide 19
  • Early Writing System: Linear A (Undecipherable) Cannon?
  • Slide 20
  • What caused the End of the Minoan Civilization?? What caused the End of the Minoan Civilization??
  • Slide 21
  • Slide 22
  • The Mycenaean World: 1500-1100 BCE
  • Slide 23
  • View of Mycenae Archaeological site
  • Slide 24
  • Aerial View of Mycenae
  • Slide 25
  • Mycenae
  • Slide 26
  • Approach to the Lion s Gate
  • Slide 27
  • Lion s Gate Entrance to Mycenae
  • Slide 28
  • Mycenaean Writing System: Linear B
  • Slide 29
  • The Mycenaean Civilization
  • Slide 30
  • Slide 31
  • The Trojan War
  • Slide 32
  • What were the real & mythical causes of the Trojan War?? What were the real & mythical causes of the Trojan War??
  • Slide 33
  • Historically It is said that Troy controlled trade from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. It is said that Troy controlled trade from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. This area was known as the Vital Straits This area was known as the Vital Straits
  • Slide 34
  • Helen of Troy: The Face That Launched 1000 Ships What did she look like?
  • Slide 35
  • Greek Ships Landing on Beaches of Troy
  • Slide 36
  • Plan of the City of Troy
  • Slide 37
  • The Nine Layers of Ancient Troy Homers Troy (VII)
  • Slide 38
  • Original Wall of the City of Troy
  • Slide 39
  • Wall of Troy Recreated
  • Slide 40
  • Dome of King Priam s Treasury
  • Slide 41
  • King Priam s Treasure
  • Slide 42
  • Mask of Agamemnon
  • Slide 43
  • Brutal Combat
  • Slide 44
  • Slide 45
  • Troy Grave Circles
  • Slide 46
  • The Trojan Horse ?
  • Slide 47
  • Sir Heinrich Schliemann
  • Slide 48
  • Homer: The Heroic Age
  • Slide 49
  • Homer, the Blind Poet
  • Slide 50
  • Homer s Great Epics
  • Slide 51
  • Homer s View of the World
  • Slide 52
  • Slide 53
  • Migrations in the Aegean Region Invasion of the Dorians (DORIANS}
  • Slide 54
  • Greek Culture Declined
  • Slide 55
  • Greeks lived in Small Isolated Villages. Greeks lived in Small Isolated Villages. Reading and Writing Declined. Reading and Writing Declined. Stories were passed on by word of mouth. Stories were passed on by word of mouth.
  • Slide 56
  • Slide 57
  • Early Governments Monarchy-government in which a king or queen exercises central power. Monarchy-government in which a king or queen exercises central power. Aristocracy-rule by a landholding elite. Aristocracy-rule by a landholding elite. Oligarchy-power is in the hands of a small, powerful elite, usually a business class. Oligarchy-power is in the hands of a small, powerful elite, usually a business class.
  • Slide 58
  • SPARTA: A Nation of Soldiers
  • Slide 59
  • SPARTA
  • Slide 60
  • Helots Mycenaean's enslaved by the Spartans. Spartans- Dorians that conquered Laconia.
  • Slide 61
  • Sparta Sparta was a Military State. From a young age children (boys) were trained in military tactics. Sparta was a Military State. From a young age children (boys) were trained in military tactics. Women would exercise and keep their bodies in good physical health. Women would exercise and keep their bodies in good physical health. Only men could vote. Only men could vote. Sparta's government had two kings and a council of elders. Sparta's government had two kings and a council of elders.
  • Slide 62
  • Sparta s Military Phalanx- massive formation of heavily armed foot soldiers.
  • Slide 63
  • ATHENS: A limited Democracy
  • Slide 64
  • View of the Past
  • Slide 65
  • Early Athenian Lawgivers Corruption in Athens aristocracy had too much power, people called for reform. Solon- first to reform the government, made a move for democracy. (594 BCE ) Pisistratus-further helped the common citizens by offering loans to the poor. (546 BCE ) Cleisthenes- Established the Council of 500 and created the first (limited) democracy.
  • Slide 66
  • Why was it only a limited Democracy? Only male citizens could vote. Only male citizens could participate in the government. Slavery was still legal. Women had no share in life Only boys could go to school, if they could afford it.
  • Slide 67
  • Piraeus: Athens Port City
  • Slide 68
  • Persian Wars: 490 BCE 479 BCE
  • Slide 69
  • Persian Wars: Famous Battles Marathon (490 BCE) 26.2 miles from Athens 25,000 Persians, under Persian Leader Darius Greeks were out numbered 3 to 1 Greeks Won
  • Slide 70
  • Slide 71
  • Persian Wars: Famous Battles Thermopylae (480 BCE) 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass 25,000+ Persians led by Xerxes Spartans hold them off till Sparta was betrayed. Sparta Lost Persia Marched and burned Athens
  • Slide 72
  • Slide 73
  • Persian Wars: Famous Battles Salamis (480 BCE) Athenian navy lured the Persian navy into the narrow Strait of Salamis. Athenian Navy rowed their boats into the Persian Ships and sank them. Athens is victorious.
  • Slide 74
  • Slide 75
  • After the Persian Wars Greeks felt Strong and realized their place in the world. Athens emerged as the most powerful City-State. Delian League was Established United Greek Allies.
  • Slide 76
  • Golden Age of Pericles : 460 BCE 429 BCE Direct Democracy was established
  • Slide 77
  • Golden Age of Pericles Government Thrived Economy Thrived Athenian assembly established: 6000 members had to be present You were paid for government Service. Judge and Jury Ostracism Vote to send away a government official who threatened democracy.
  • Slide 78
  • Thucydides Historian who lived in the Age of Pericles. Historian who lived in the Age of Pericles. Recorded events for Athens. Recorded events for Athens.
  • Slide 79
  • Peloponnesian Wars
  • Slide 80
  • Peloponnesian Wars 431 - 404 BCE (27 years) Greek vs. Greek Sparta vs. Athens Sparta got help from Persia After the War Athens was no longer a military power. It was however, the center for Greek Culture.
  • Slide 81
  • Great Athenian Philosophers Socrates (469 399 BCE) Know thyself! question everything Socratic Method of Teaching Only the pursuit of goodness brings happiness. At Age 70 he was put on trial for corrupting the youth. He was sentenced to exile but choose suicide.
  • Slide 82
  • Great Athenian Philosophers Plato (Socrates' Student) e eThe Academy (School) e eThe Importance of Reason e eThe Republic (book) His vision of an ideal state. e eDid not trust democracy
  • Slide 83
  • Great Athenian Philosophers Aristotle (Plato's Student) The Lyceum (School) Study: Politics, Ethics, Logic, Biology, Literature, Math Etc. Golden Mean [everything in moderation]. Logic. Scientific method.
  • Slide 84
  • Athens: The Arts & Sciences DRAMA (tragedians): Aeschylus Sophocles (Father of Tragedy) Euripides COMEDY: Aristophanes (Father of Comedy) Wrote: Lysistrata

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