MuseuMs - MOST FAMOUS ARCHEOLOGICAL SIGHT Its complicated architecture is characteristic of the Minoan civilization. Knossos was first inhabited in the Neolithic

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  • So here we have reached the chapter of Cretan

    Museums and Historical Monuments. Crete

    has a long history among the years but

    together we are going to see the most

    important and famous ones of Heraklion.

    museums

  • .

    Mu

    seu

    m o

    f C

    reta

    n E

    thn

    olog

    y The museum is located 2km away from Phaestos, in

    Vori village. Exhibits

    include traditional Cretan

    utensils connected to

    cooking, weaving,

    transport, architecture,

    production, customs and

    social life.

    In the Museum there is also

    the Cretan Ecosystem

    Research Center, where

    traditional human activities

    from the Middle Ages until

    today are studied, along

    with historical, social,

    economic, political and

    geophysical changes in

    Crete and the surrounding

    area.

  • GO

    RT

    YN

    IS O

    NE

    OF

    TH

    E M

    OS

    T IM

    PO

    RT

    AN

    T M

    INO

    AN

    AR

    CH

    AE

    OL

    OG

    ICA

    L S

    ITE

    S

    It is located in the Messara plateau, south from Heraklion

    city. Gortyn flourished when the Minoan civilization had

    started to decline. In the Roman period, Gortyn was the

    capital of Crete and became the most prosper city. It was the

    first Christian city in Crete as Apostle Titus preached the

    Christian religion here. The Saracens destroyed Gortyn and

    the temple dedicated to Titus in 824. Today you can visit the

    ancient odeon, the Apollo temple, the acropol and the ruins of

    the temple of Titus.

    .

    Gortyn

  • The Historical Museum of Crete was established

    in 1953 and is housed in a neoclassical

    building which was owned by archaeologist

    Kalokairinos. It was built in 1870 by the

    renowned Greek architect Lisandros

    Kaftantzoglou on the ruins of an older mansion.

    His

    tori

    cal M

    useum

    of C

    rete

  • Kazantzakis museum

    It exhibits pieces

    connected to the

    famous writers life and

    work. The collections

    include personal

    effects, manuscripts,

    samples of his

    correspondence, first

    editions of his works in

    Greek and other

    languages, works

    translated in more than

    50 languages, rare

    photographs, busts and

    other pieces of art and

    material from theater

    productions of its

    works, such as posters,

    programs, scene

    models, costumes,

    photographs etc.

  • T HE M O S T FA M O U S A R C HE OL O GI CA L S I G H T

    Its complicated architecture is characteristic of the Minoan civilization. Knossos was first inhabited

    in the Neolithic era. The first palace was built around 1900BC and was almost leveled by a destructive earthquake in 1700BC. The second, even more

    impressive palace was built right after and it was destroyed again, by the volcano eruption in Santorini. The Minoan civilization flourished in 1700-1450BC. Most ruins still remaining today belong to this period.

    Knossos is the most famous archaeological site in Crete. It is located southeast from Heraklion city. The

    palace of Knossos used to be the most powerful palace of the Minoan civilization and the residence of King Minos as well. It covers 22,000m2 and consists of many different rooms and buildings. Even its size

    proves that this palace was a very important center of the Minoan civilization.

    Kn

    os

    so

    s

  • Koules Venetian fortress

    Koules is a Venetian fortress located in the Venetian port of Heraklion city. In 1204 Heraklion

    which was named Chandax by that time was bought by the Republic of Venice, after the Fourth

    Crusade seized Constantinople. Among many fortifications, the Venetians also built Koules. The

    fortress was initially called Roca al mare which means rock in the sea. It was built before the city

    walls in order to protect the city, and mainly the port, from enemies coming from the sea. Koules was

    destroyed by an earthquake in 1303 and rebuilt in 1535-1540.

  • The archaeological site is located 2km away from Malia town.Excavations discovered pottery,residences of the

    Prepalatial period and many tombs near the beach.You can visit the complex of the New Palace period,small part

    of the old palace in northwest and a small building in the northern court dated to the Final Palace period.

    Malia

  • Important parts of the archaeological sight of Phaestos are: The old and new palace, the

    domestic apartments of the royal family, magazines, workshops etc. The most renowned

    finding of Phaestos is the Phaestos disc which is exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of

    Heraklion. It is located 60km southwest from Heraklion city. Findings reveal that Phaestos had been

    inhibited since the Neolithic era. In the Minoan period, an organized city was built, flourished and

    declined.

    . Phaestos

  • \

    Thirathen

    The

    Thirathen

    Museum is

    located at the

    historical

    village of

    Krousonas. It

    has a variety

    of musical

    instruments,

    especially the

    traditional

    ones. Its

    purpose is to

    motivate

    people to

    search how

    they can be

    connected

    with music

    and the

    musical

    traditions.

    .docETHNOLOGY.docxgortyn.docxHISTORICAL MUSEUM.docxKAZATZAKIS.docknossos.docxkoules.docmalia.docxphaestos.docxth aq.docx

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