subject:«a technique of determination of duration of insolation of premises in territories...
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Subject:A technique of determination of duration of insolation of premises in territories POPULATION.The student should be ableMake definition of the term "insolation".Hygienic requirements to insolations Structure Methods SK definitionWhat insolation time for the 4th climatic zones should beInsolation influence KEO roomTemperature gradient of rooms connected from insolationCommunication between orientation and insolationsHygienic requirement of insolation of LPUFactors influencing insolation of rooms and the territoryIn what parts of a residential building insolation is definedControl ruler
Well-known big improving value of insolation of buildings and territory as powerful hygienic factor.Pilot studies and natural supervision,executed in recent years, have allowed to prove hygienic standards of duration of insolation of rooms for receiving bactericidal effect and general educational action.According to it in Sanitary standards and rules of ensuring insolation of residential and public buildings and a residential development of the occupied places initial criteria at an assessment of conditions of insolation of rooms and territories are accepted:
Contents of occupation:on it is general to improving influence - not less than 3 hours in day of continuous, direct solar radiation of rooms and the housing estate territory at all geographic latitudes of the Republic of Uzbekistan.On thermal influence - restriction at arising requirement of direct solar radiation of rooms and the housing estate territory.Implementation of the first requirement as restriction of radiation it can be reached and at the expense of different protective adaptations is most essential.
The general light and warm influence of solar radiation is expressed by a geliotermichesky indicator - work of duration of insolation on average air temperature during insolation.After an arrangement of a building but a geliotermichesky axis both of his facade receive approximately equal favourable conditions of insolation.
Duration of insolation is determined by the same rules on - an autumn equinox - on March 22 and on September 22. Between these dates duration of insolation increases, and after September 22 decreases, but not below one hour, and then since December 22 again increases.Determination of insolation is conducted on a ground floor of a building, as to the most vulnerable in sense of a zateneniye. The gap between the next buildings keeps paramount value for zateneniye prevention.At some orientation the requirement the three-sentry of insolation can be executed only at distance between facades, equal not less than to three heights of higher building. The gap in two heights is in certain cases sufficient. Between the long parties and deaf end faces of buildings or between end faces with windows the gap is established in one height of a building. At a shirotny arrangement of a long axis the gap is established on building height from the South, all day stream of sunshine from where falls.To define insolation of a building and the territory of building it is possible a settlement way. However more visually to reproduce insolation and a zateneniye it is possible on models by means of devices, and simulating the provision of the sun at any width at any time year and day, and also to fix a picture of shadows in the photo or graphically.The various nomograms put on are lately appliedtransparent plates the allowing we will forgive combination them on the drawing withto facades of a building or any point in the territory to establishduration of insolation and zateneniye condition.Technique of determination of duration of insolation of premises and building territory..
Make definition of the term "insolation"The hygienic requirements to insolation Structure Methods SK definitionWhat insolation time for the 4th climatic zones should beInsolation influence KEO roomTemperature gradient of rooms connected from insolationCommunication between orientation and insolationsHygienic requirement of insolation of LPUFactors influencing insolation of rooms and the territoryIn what parts of a residential building insolation is definedControl rulerTechnique of determination of insolation.Recommended literature: The main:1. T. Otaboyev T. AND. Iskandarov "Kommunal hygiene "T. 19942. Akulov .. Bushtuyeva K.A. "Municipal hygiene" M 1986.3. "Management to laboratory researches on municipal hygiene". E.I.Goncharuk M. 19904. "Hygiene"Under edition of prof. Demidenko I.M. 2002.5."Kommunal hygiene amaliya"underedition T.I.Iskandarova. T. 2006.
Laws RUZ, State standard specifications RUZ, Sanpina, KMK, joint venture, orders.Methodical development on EMS.Lecture materials.INTeRNeTReSURS:
Oz.Res.SSVveb-saytTTA sayti WWW.tma.uz. htt://web.tma TMA Wi-FizoneZiyONet