chapter 4 folk and popular culture. origins and diffusion of folk & popular cultures origin of folk...
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Chapter 4Folk and Popular Culture
Origins and Diffusion of Folk & Popular CulturesOrigin of folk and popular culturesOrigin of folk musicOrigin of popular music
Diffusion of folk and popular culturesThe Amish: Relocation diffusion of folk cultureSports: Hierarchical diffusion of popular culture
Tin Pan Alley & Popular MusicFig. 4-1: Writers and publishers of popular music were clustered in Tin Pan Alley in New York in the early 20th c. The area later moved north from 28th St to Times Square.
A Mental Map of Hip HopFig. 4-2: This mental map places major hip hop performers near other similar performers and in the portion of the country where they performed.
Amish Settlements in the U.S.Fig. 4-3: Amish settlements are distributed through the northeast U.S.
World Cup FansFrench, German, and Italian fans at 2006 World Cup (eventually won by Italy).
Clustering of Folk CulturesIsolation promotes cultural diversityHimalayan Art
Influence of the physical environmentDistinctive food preferencesFolk housingU.S. folk house forms
Himalayan Folk Cultural RegionsFig. 4-4: Cultural geographers have identified four distinct culture regions based on predominant religions in the Himalaya Mountains.
Senegal Family Lunch
Traditional Vegetable Garden, IstanbulFig. 4-5: The bostan, or traditional vegetable garden, provides fresh vegetables in a large city such as Istanbul
Hog Production & Food CulturesFig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.
Home Locations in Southeast AsiaFig. 4-7: Houses and sleeping positions are oriented according to local customs among the Lao in northern Laos (left) and the Yuan and Shan in northern Thailand (right).
House Types in Western ChinaFig. 4-8: Four communities in western China all have distinctive house types.
Kashgar House, western ChinaKashgar houses have second floor open-air patios
Turpan House, western ChinaTurpan is located in a deep valley with little open land. Second stories are avoided because of strong winds
Dunhuang House, western ChinaDunhuang houses have walled central courtyards, covered with an open air grape arbor.
Yinchuan House, ChinaYinchuan houses are built around large open courtyards which provide seclusion from ousiLiz Lewis:from outsiders
Diffusion of House Types in U.S.Fig. 4-9: Distinct house types originated in three main source areas in the U.S. and then diffused into the interior as migrants moved west.
Diffusion of New England House Types Fig. 4-10: Four main New England house types of the 18th & 19th centuries diffused westward as settlers migrated.
Wide Dispersion of Popular Culture Diffusion of popular housing, clothing, & foodPopular housing stylesRapid diffusion of clothing stylesPopular food customs
Television and diffusion of popular cultureDiffusion of televisionDiffusion of the internetGovernment control of television
U.S. House Types, 1945-1990Fig. 4-11: Several variations of the modern style were dominant from the 1940s into the 1970s. Since then, neo-eclectic styles have become the dominant type of house construction in the U.S.
Alcohol Preferences in the U.S.Fig. 4-12: Per capita consumption of Canadian whiskey (left) and tequila (right) show different source areas and histories of diffusion.
Per Capita Consumption of Canadian Whiskey
Per Capita Consumption of Tequila
U.S. House Types by RegionFig. 4-1.1: Small towns in different regions of the eastern U.S. have different combinations of five main house types.
Wine Production per yearFig. 4-13: The distribution of wine production shows the joint impact of the physical environment and social customs.
Diffusion of TV1954 - 2003Fig. 4-14: Television has diffused widely since the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers of TVs per population.
TV Distribution, 1954
TV Distribution, 1970
TV Distribution, 2003
Distribution of Internet Users, 1995 - 2003Fig. 4-15: Internet users per 1000 population. Diffusion of internet service is following the pattern of TV diffusion in the 20th century, but at a much faster rate. Liz Lewis:1995-2004
Internet Users, 1995 per 1000 population
Internet Users, 2000 per 1000 population
Internet Users, 2004 per 1000 population
Internet shop, India
Internet Use by Food Seller in China
Impacts of the Globalization of Popular CultureThreats to folk cultureLoss of traditional valuesForeign media dominance
Environmental impacts of popular cultureModifying natureUniform landscapesNegative environmental impact
Golf Courses in Metropolitan AreasFig. 4-16: The 50 best-served and worst-served metropolitan areas in terms of golf holes per capita, and areas that are above and below average.
McDonalds in Beijing, China
Route 66, U.S.
Aboriginal Performance, Australia