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Weekly ORQ. Practice Makes Perfect. Reconstruction 5.2.1. Identify the two plans for Reconstruction and the government body responsible for each. List at least two of the specific elements of each plan. Identify which was plan was adopted and provide two issues that arose from this plan. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Weekly ORQPractice Makes Perfect

  • Reconstruction 5.2.1Identify the two plans for Reconstruction and the government body responsible for each. List at least two of the specific elements of each plan. Identify which was plan was adopted and provide two issues that arose from this plan.

  • Answer to Reconstruction ORQThe two plans for reconstructing the country following the civil war were proposed by President Andrew Johnson and by the Radical Republicans in Congress. Johnson being a southerner proposed a plan that allowed southern states to write their own constitutions and to rejoin the United States without giving African Americans the right to vote.

  • ContinuedThe Radical Republicans proposed a plan that would allow southern states back in if they granted all men in the United States the right to vote for all males and for the adoption of amendments to the constitution to provide equality for blacks socially, economically, and politically.

  • ContinuedIn the end Congresses plan was adopted because they were able to use their power to override the vetoes of Andrew Johnson. Their plan was not perfect and led to major problems for the South and even the people they were trying to protect African Americans. Many issues arose from the Congressional plan that was adopted such as the emergence of the KKK which used terror to keep blacks from using their new rights.

  • ContinuedDespite Congress using money to try to create a fair system for the blacks in the south a system of sharecropping emerged in which poor blacks did not own land but farmed it and gave a large portion of their crops to the landowners. This system kept the blacks in the south poor and far from equality.

  • Mechanization 5.2.2Identify one way in which each of the following impacted the lives of AmericansBig BusinessFactoriesMechanized farmingThe labor movementProvide one example of a person, invention, or group that was involved in each and their impact on America.

  • Answers to Mechanization ORQBig Business- made small businesses go out business, made business more impersonal, led the economy to be more industrial and less agricultural, created less competition which hurt the consumerFactories- gave people industrial jobs in cities rather than the country, dangerous working conditions, repetitive tasks, gives Americans cheap goods

  • Answers to Mechanization ORQMechanized Farming- made farming more efficient, allowed the cultivation of more land, led to increased production, allowed diversification of cropsLabor Movement- started the road to better conditions, shorter hours, and higher wages

  • Answers to Mechanization ORQBig Business- Rockefeller created a nationwide oil monopoly and gave money to charity upon his death, Carnegie pioneered horizontal and vertical integration as a way to monopolize an industryFactories- Henry Ford and other industrialists used new techniques like the assembly line and Bessemer process to make goods cheaper and faster

  • Answers to Mechanization ORQMechanized farming- the populists engaged in mechanized farming on great plains, their use of machines led to overproduction, which led to economic problems and the development of the populist party to provide them a voice in government Labor Movement- unions like the AFL were by men like Debs who helped to provide a voice for the workers and gain rights like hours, wages, and conditions

  • Immigration 5.2.3Identify three groups that came to America during the late 1800s. Identify the impact these immigrants had on the cities of the United States and the idea of what an American is.

  • Progressive Movement 5.2.4Identify one social, political, and economic problem that America faced in the Progressive era. Provide a solution the Progressives implemented for each problem and determine whether or not it was effective.

  • Progressive AnswerSocial- women did not have the right to vote or equal rights in general, African Americans suffered under Jim Crow, immigrants live in overcrowded housing and work in dangerous conditions, Political- voting fraud, city governments were poorly run, federal government had an inconsistent flow of money

  • Progressive AnswerEconomic- unequal distribution of wealth, most Americans struggle so everyone has to work, businesses are not regulated and take advantage of Americans, Solutions-Social- passage of the 19 amendment allows women to vote, not much was done until the 1960s, creation of ymca, hull house, passage of laws to make work place safer

  • Progressive Answer cont.19th amendment effective gave the right to vote, African Americans life was still bad no help came, laws helped improve conditions and wages but still did not allow families to prosperPolitical- use a secret ballot, take control of the election process from the parties, organized city governments into departments with educated leadership by specialists in the field, passage of the 17th amendment which implemented the income tax

  • Progressive cont.Elections are now more fair but not free from corruption, city governments now more efficient and deal with problems but it depends on the economic level, and the federal government has both a better source and has grown A LOT!Economic- implement the income tax to allow greater spread of wealth and funding of public goods, pass child labor laws and setup compulsory school attendance, pass laws to limit trusts and monopolies,

  • Progressive cont.We have greater access to public goods but the disparity still exists, educational opportunities have led to a higher standard of living but both parents still have to work in low income families, the laws we passed have protected consumers some but have not stopped companies from taking advantage of employees (ENRON)

  • World War I 5.2.4Identify one social, political, and economic change that occurred in the United States during WWI. Determine whether or not these changes were beneficial to the United States war effort.


  • World War I 5.2.4Define Imperialism, Isolationism, and Nationalism. Provide an example of the United States using each of these in foreign policy during the Progressive Era and WWI.

  • The 20s 5.2.4Identify one social, political, and economic change that occurred following WWI. Define economic prosperity, consumerism, and womens suffrage and determine their impact on each of the changes you identified above.

  • Great Depression 5.2.5Define stock market crash and depression. Identify three ways in which the United States government provided a chance for relief, recovery, and reform during the Great Depression. Determine whether or not the government being involved in business through reform actually helped end the Great Depression.

  • New Deal 5.2.5Identify three policies that were enacted in the New Deal proposed by Roosevelt. Determine whether or not the increased involvement of the national government helped to solve the issues of the Great Depression.

  • World War II 5.2.6Identify three ways the United States used on the domestic side to help assist in the war effort. Determine one social, political, and economic change that these efforts caused in the United States.

  • World War II 5.2.6Identify two reasons why the United States was able to help win the war in Europe and Japan. How do you think these advantages helped to contribute to the United States emerging as a world power?

  • Post World War II 5.2.6Identify three ways that demonstrate the United States experienced economic growth following World War II. Determine whether or not this economic growth impacted all Americans, if the answer is no identify at least one specific group.

  • Post World War II 5.2.7Identify two ways in which African Americans were discriminated against in the post WWII era. Explain how the decision in Brown v. the Board opened the way for the Civil Rights movement. Determine which methods were most useful for Civil Rights activist and explain how the Civil Rights act extended equality to minorities in the US.

  • Post World War II 5.2.7Identify three political issues or events associated with the post World War II era in the United States that led to protests and conflict in the United States. Explain how each of these events or issues changed Americans views of our country.

  • Efforts/World Peace 5.2.7Identify the two world peace organizations the United States is associated with since the end of World War I. Provide a reasons for the failure of the first international peacekeeping organization and for the longevity of the second. Determine whether or not the efforts of the post WWII organization have been effective in keeping peace. Give a specific example.

  • Efforts/World Peace 5.2.7Identify and define three of the ideas that the United States used to prosecute the Cold War. Provide one example of how each of these ideas were put into place and determine what the impact was on the United States at the time. In your opinion which of these was the most effective?

  • Totalitarian Government 5.3.4Identify the four causes of modern warfare and provide one example of how the United States engaged in each in the 20th century.

  • Cold War/New Nations 5.3.5Identify two reasons for the rise of the United States and two reasons for the rise of the Soviet Union after World War II. Determine two reasons the US and USSR disagreed over post war policy.

  • Cold War/New Nations 5.3.5Identify three nations that have emerged since the end of World War II and explain how they were formed. Provide one way in which each of these nations has impacted the United States e


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