starfish fatin fazliyana

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Starfish or sea stars are star-shaped echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea

About 1,500 species of starfish occur on the seabed in all the world's oceans, from the tropics to frigid polar waters. They are found from the intertidal zone down to abyssal depths, 6,000 m (20,000 ft) below the surface.

. The aboral or upper surface may be smooth, granular or spiny, and is covered with overlapping plates

The fossil record for starfish is ancient, dating back to the Ordovician around 450 million years ago, but it is rather poor, as starfish tend to disintegrate after death

Only the ossicles and spines of the animal are likely to be preserved, making remains hard to locate

Two specific environmental requirements dominate seaweed ecology.

As a result, seaweeds most commonly inhabit the littoral zone and within that zone more frequently on rocky shores than on sand or shingle.

Seaweeds are consumed by coastal people, particularly in East Asia, e.g., Brunei, Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, and Vietnam, and also in South Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, Belize, Peru, Chile, the Canadian Maritimes, Scandinavia, South West England,[6] Ireland, Wales, California, Philippines, and Scotland

Seaweeds are also harvested or cultivated for the extraction of alginate, agar and carrageenan, gelatinous substances collectively known as hydrocolloids or phycocolloids

Seaweed has a variety of purposes, for which it is farmed[3] or foraged from the wild.[4]