romanesque 2: stabilitas and monasticism. st. anthony abbot askesis and anchoritic monasticism

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Romanesque 2: Stabilitas and Monasticism

St. Anthony AbbotAskesis and Anchoritic Monasticism

St. Simeon Stylite (390-459)the stylitesII. Monasticism and Architecture History: from anchoritic to coenobitic orders

St. Anthony AbbotCoenobitic Monastic Communities

Monastery of St. Anthony Abbot built upon his burial place in the Eastern Desert of Egypt in 356/7 C.E.The coenobium established by the Egyptian St. Pachomius (286-346) first at Tabennisi (c. 320).II. Monasticism and Architecture History: from anchoritic to coenobitic orders

Ruins of St. Simeon Stylite monastery built in 470 Coenobitic Monastic Communities II. Monasticism and Architecture History: coenobitic orders

St. Catherines Monastery, Mt. Sinai, built 527-65.Design Models for Coenobitic Monastic Communities

a Roman castrum military campII. Monasticism and Architecture History: coenobitic orders

Design Models for Coenobitic Monastic Communities a Roman villa rustica (Boscoreale, Italy, c. 150 B.C.E.)

St. Catherines Monastery, Mt. Sinai, built 527-65.II. Monasticism and Architecture History: coenobitic orders

Skellig Michael (Michaels Rock), Ireland, founded 588Coenobites in Northern EuropeII. Monasticism and Architecture History: coenobitic orders Skellig Michael, Ireland, founded 588

Coenobites in Northern EuropeII. Monasticism and Architecture History: coenobitic orders

St. Benedict of Nursia, 480-547

Monte Cassino, ItalySubiaco, Italy

II. Monasticism and Architecture Early medieval coenobites on the Continent

Carolingian Plan of St. Gall, ca. 830

CentulaFuldaSt.-DenisSt. GallII. Monasticism and Architecture monasticism under the Carolingians

III. Design of Romanesque monastic churches on and off the pilgrimage routePilgrimage routes through France and SpainThe 5 exemplars of the pilgrimage church typeOff the pilgrimage road:San Vincente, Cardona, Sp.

III. Design on and off the pilgrimage routeThe 5 exemplars of the pilgrimage church typeOff the pilgrimage road:San Vincente, Cardona, Sp.

First Romanesque Catalan monasteries founded by feudal countsas penance and future retirement residences

III. Design on and off the pilgrimage route: SpainSan Vicente de Cardona, Spain (Catalonia), ca. 1040San Pedro de Roda, Spain (Catalonia), ca. 1035St.-Martin de Canigou, SW France, 1001-26Sant Pere de Casserres, Spain (Catalonia),1012-53

Benedictine abbey of San Vicente de Cardona (Catalonia), consecrated 1040The First Romanesque defined by Catalonian architect Josep Puig y Cadafalch (1867-1956)

III. Design on and off the pilgrimage route: Spain

San Vicente de Cardona (Catalonia), consecrated 1040The First RomanesqueIII. Design on and off the pilgrimage route: Spain