pesticide evaluation report and safer use action plan (persuap)

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  • PESTICIDE EVALUATION REPORT AND SAFER USE ACTION PLAN (PERSUAP) AVANSA AGRIKULTURA PROJECT IN TIMOR-LESTE

    August 2015

  • This report is made possible by the support of the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents of this report are the sole responsibility of Cardno Emerging Markets USA, Ltd. and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

  • PESTICIDE EVALUATION REPORT AND SAFER USE ACTION PLAN (PERSUAP) AVANSA AGRIKULTURA PROJECT IN TIMOR-LESTE

    Author:

    D. Eric Harlow

    Senior Project Scientist, Technical Consultant

    Cardno, Ltd.

    Submitted by: Cardno Emerging Markets USA, Ltd. Submitted to: USAID/Timor-Leste Contract No.: AID-472-C-15-00001 USAIDs Avansa Agrikultura Project

    DISCLAIMER

    The authors views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.

  • USAIDs Avansa Agrikultura Project

    Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safer Use Action Plan (PERSUAP) Page i

    Table of Contents

    ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................................................. IV

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .................................................................................................................................... VII

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................................................................................... 1

    INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................................................... 1 BACKGROUND ............................................................................................................................................................ 1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE ................................................................................................................................................. 1

    Factor A: USEPA Registration Status of the Proposed Pesticides ....................................................................... 2 Factor B: Basis for Selection of Pesticides ........................................................................................................... 3 Factor C: Extent to Which the Proposed Pesticide Use Is, Or Could Be, Part of an IPM Program ..................... 3 Factor D: Proposed Method or Methods of Application, Including the Availability of Application and Safety

    Equipment ............................................................................................................................................................. 4 Factor E: Any Acute and Long-Term Toxicological Hazards, either Human or Environmental, Associated With

    the Proposed Use, And Measures Available To Minimize Such Hazards ............................................................. 4 Factor F: Effectiveness of the Requested Pesticide for the Proposed Use ........................................................... 5 Factor G: Compatibility of the Proposed Pesticide Use with Target and Non-Target Ecosystems ..................... 5 Factor H: Conditions under Which the Pesticide Is To Be Used, Including Climate, Geography, Hydrology,

    and Soils ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 Factor I: Availability of Other Pesticides or Non-Chemical Control Methods .................................................... 6 Factor J: Host Countrys Ability to Regulate or Control the Distribution, Storage, Use, and Disposal of the

    Requested Pesticide .............................................................................................................................................. 7 SUMMARY OF THE PESTICIDE SAFER USE ACTION PLAN (SUAP) .............................................................................. 8

    1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 10

    1.1. INTRODUCTION AND REPORT ORGANIZATION ........................................................................................... 10 1.2. USAID ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS DEVELOPMENT ......................................................................... 11 1.3. REGULATION 216 ....................................................................................................................................... 11 1.4. THE PESTICIDE EVALUATION REPORT AND SAFER USE ACTION PLAN (PERSUAP) .................................. 12 1.5. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENTUSAID POLICY................................................................................. 13

    2. BACKGROUND ..................................................................................................................................... 15

    2.1. COUNTRY BACKGROUND ........................................................................................................................... 15 2.2. USAID INVOLVEMENT IN HORTICULTURE SECTOR: TIMOR-LESTE ........................................................... 21 2.3. PESTICIDE POLICY, REGULATION, AND CAPACITY ..................................................................................... 22 2.4. TIMOR-LESTE PESTICIDE SECTOR .............................................................................................................. 25

    3. PESTICIDE EVALUATION REPORT (PER) .................................................................................... 29

    3.1. FACTOR A: USEPA REGISTRATION STATUS OF THE PROPOSED PESTICIDE ................................................ 29 3.2. FACTOR B: BASIS FOR SELECTION OF PESTICIDES ...................................................................................... 32 3.3. FACTOR C: EXTENT TO WHICH THE PROPOSED PESTICIDE USE IS, OR COULD BE, PART OF AN IPM

    PROGRAM .................................................................................................................................................. 35 3.4. FACTOR D: PROPOSED METHOD OR METHODS OF APPLICATION, INCLUDING THE AVAILABILITY OF

    APPLICATION AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT ..................................................................................................... 37 3.5. FACTOR E: ANY ACUTE AND LONG-TERM TOXICOLOGICAL HAZARDS, EITHER HUMAN OR

    ENVIRONMENTAL, ASSOCIATED WITH THE PROPOSED USE, AND MEASURES AVAILABLE TO MINIMIZE

    SUCH HAZARDS ......................................................................................................................................... 39 3.6. FACTOR F: EFFECTIVENESS OF THE REQUESTED PESTICIDE FOR THE PROPOSED USE ................................. 41

    Ways to address and manage or mitigate pest resistance: ................................................................................... 43 3.7. FACTOR G: COMPATIBILITY OF THE PROPOSED PESTICIDE USE WITH TARGET AND NON-TARGET

    ECOSYSTEMS. ............................................................................................................................................ 44 3.8. FACTOR H: CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THE PESTICIDE IS TO BE USED, INCLUDING CLIMATE,

  • USAIDs Avansa Agrikultura Project

    Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safer Use Action Plan (PERSUAP) Page ii

    GEOGRAPHY, HYDROLOGY, AND SOILS ..................................................................................................... 50 3.9. FACTOR I: AVAILABILITY OF OTHER PESTICIDES OR NON-CHEMICAL CONTROL METHODS ...................... 53 3.10. FACTOR J: HOST COUNTRYS ABILITY TO REGULATE OR CONTROL THE DISTRIBUTION, STORAGE, USE,

    AND DISPOSAL OF THE REQUESTED PESTICIDE ........................................................................................... 54 3.11. FACTOR K: PROVISION FOR TRAINING OF USERS AND APPLICATORS ......................................................... 55 3.12. FACTOR L: PROVISION MADE FOR MONITORING THE USE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF EACH PESTICIDE ........ 57

    4. PESTICIDE SAFER USE ACTION PLAN (SUAP) ............................................................................ 59

    4.1. INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................... 59 4.2. APPROVED AND REJECTED PESTICIDES FOR THE AVANSA AG PROJECT...................................................... 59 4.3. USAID FIELD MONITORING REQUIREMENT ................................................................................................ 65 4.4. SUMMARY OF COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS (SAFER USE MEASURES) ...................................................... 65 4.5. SAFER USE MONITORING AND MITIGATION PLAN ..................................................................................... 66

    5. PERSUAP REFERENCES .................................................................................................................... 70

    ANNEX 1: PESTICIDES IN TIMOR-LESTE ........................................................................................................ 72

    ANNEX 2: MATRIX OF AVANSA AG CROPS WITH PESTS, RECOMMENDED PEST PREVENTION

    TACTICS & CURATIVE TOOLS AND TACTICS .............................................................................................. 83

    ANNEX 3: ACUTE TOXICITY OF PESTICIDESUSEPA AND WHO CLASSIFICATIONS ................... 112

    ANNEX 4. ELEMENTS OF AN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) PROGRAM ...................... 114

    AN

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