oecd - intermodal freight transport

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Intermodal Freight Transport

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Intermodal Freight TransportINSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS

TRANSPORT

OECD, 2001. Software: 1987-1996, Acrobat is a trademark of ADOBE. All rights reserved. OECD grants you the right to use one copy of this Program for your personal use only. Unauthorised reproduction, lending, hiring, transmission or distribution of any data or software is prohibited. You must treat the Program and associated materials and any elements thereof like any other copyrighted material. All requests should be made to: Head of Publications Service, OECD Publications Service, 2, rue Andr-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France.

Intermodal Freight TransportINSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS

ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT

ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENTPursuant to Article 1 of the Convention signed in Paris on 14th December 1960, and which came into force on 30th September 1961, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) shall promote policies designed: to achieve the highest sustainable economic growth and employment and a rising standard of living in Member countries, while maintaining financial stability, and thus to contribute to the development of the world economy; to contribute to sound economic expansion in Member as well as non-member countries in the process of economic development; and to contribute to the expansion of world trade on a multilateral, non-discriminatory basis in accordance with international obligations. The original Member countries of the OECD are Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. The following countries became Members subsequently through accession at the dates indicated hereafter: Japan (28th April 1964), Finland (28th January 1969), Australia (7th June 1971), New Zealand (29th May 1973), Mexico (18th May 1994), the Czech Republic (21st December 1995), Hungary (7th May 1996), Poland (22nd November 1996), Korea (12th December 1996) and the Slovak Republic (14th December 2000). The Commission of the European Communities takes part in the work of the OECD (Article 13 of the OECD Convention).

Publi en franais sous le titre : TRANSPORT INTERMODAL DE MARCHANDISES Aspects institutionnels

OECD 2001 Permission to reproduce a portion of this work for non-commercial purposes or classroom use should be obtained through the Centre fran ais dexploitation du droit de copie (CFC), 20, rue des Grands-Augustins, 75006 Paris, France, Tel. (33-1) 44 07 47 70, Fax (33-1) 46 34 67 19, for every country except the United States. In the United States permission should be obtained through the Copyright Clearance Center, Customer Service, (508)7508400, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA, or CCC Online: www.copyright.com . All other applications for permission to reproduce or translate all or part of this book should be made to OECD Publications, 2, rue Andr -Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France.

FOREWORDThe OECD s Road Transport and Intermodal Linkage (RTR) Research Programme for 1998-2000 included a mandate for the establishment of an Intermodal Freight Transportation Advisory Group. The mandate continues the OECD s commitment to review the current state of freight-related transport research covering all OECD Member countries and regions. Previous work carried out by the RTR Programme has shown that economic growth and development require a greater effort on the part of public sector transport regulators and infrastructure providers to meet the evolving expectations of private sector shippers and service providers operating in a highly competitive global marketplace. The Intermodal Freight Transport Advisory Group will examine key topics focusing on critical aspects of the role of governments in promoting intermodal transport, including: Institutional aspects. Benchmarking and system performance measures. International freight corridor development These topics are being addressed in sequence. The research agenda is intended to help define the elements of an intermodal freight transport system that makes efficient use of the various transport modes involved in the management of supply chains from the producers of raw materials to the consumers of final products. This report on Institutional Aspects of Intermodal Transport represents the initial output of the Intermodal Freight Transport Advisory Group. It is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD.

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OECD 2001

OECD RTR PROGRAMME INTERMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORT: INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTSAbstract Industry has increasingly adopted an intermodal approach to the provision of transport services required by users. The main reasons for government involvement in intermodal transport policy are to promote the efficient use of infrastructure, facilitate improved services to users and address environmental concerns associated with the use of individual transport modes. Intermodal policy development is especially important where governments own transport infrastructure (such as ports and terminals) and transport business operations (such as rail freight operators). Even in countries with a high degree of reliance on market forces, governments need appropriate intermodal policies to be able to deal with efficiency, taxes and charges and environmental issues on a transport system basis. Organisational arrangements are important to intermodal policy development and operations. Intermodal transport policy units or other institutional arrangements tailored to intermodal requirements can provide a greater policy focus and improve communications with industry as well as within government. OECD Member countries have developed a variety of policy instruments and measures which aim to improve intermodal transport outcomes. Further work is being undertaken to develop benchmarks for intermodal performance and policy options to address remaining impediments to intermodal efficiency.

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OECD 2001

TABLE OF CONTENTSIntermodal Freight Transport: Institutional Aspects ................................................................................. Executive Summary ......................................................................................................................................... Background and tasks ...................................................................................................................................... Modal approaches are necessary prerequisites but not sufficient ........................................................ Different approaches can be taken, depending on governmental involvement in transport ownership/provision and transport operations .................................................................................... Policy instruments ............................................................................................................................................ Communication between intermodal transport policy units and other actors......................................... Performance-based outcomes ........................................................................................................................ Identification and removal of impediments.................................................................................................. Chapter 1. The project .................................................................................................................................... Background and tasks ...................................................................................................................................... Definition ........................................................................................................................................................... Chapter 2. Intermodal Transport Challenges.............................................................................................. Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... Why promote intermodal policies? ................................................................................................................ Measuring the extent of intermodalism......................................................................................................... Specific problems concerning intermodal transport.................................................................................... Chapter 3. Policies, Organisational Structures and Instruments: An Overview .................................... Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... Intermodal policy statements ......................................................................................................................... Organisational structures ................................................................................................................................. Instruments........................................................................................................................................................ Chapter 4. National Policies and Organisational Structures.................................................................... Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................... Austria ................................................................................................................................................................ Canada.....................................

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