Chapter 4: Freight Mobility Intermodal freight mobility and intermodal ... Freight Mobility Technical Memorandum documents this ... Like the rail system, Hillsborough County relies on

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  • Hillsborough County 2035 Long Range Transportation Plan

    A goal of the 2035 Plan is to foster greater economic competitiveness by enhancing the efficient movement of freight in the Tampa Bay region and by improving connectivity for people and goods between different modes of transportation. The Hillsborough County MPO considers freight mobility and intermodal transportation key parts of the overall planning process. In developing the 2035 Plan, the MPO has reached out to private sector trucking and distribution firms as well as expressway, transit, aviation and port authorities. The Freight Mobility Technical Memorandum documents this outreach, identifies short-term and long-range freight mobility needs and presents issues and opportunities affecting goods movement in Hillsborough County.

    This chapter summarizes both freight mobility and intermodal transportation needs through 2035.

    Chapter 4: Freight Mobility & Intermodal Transportation Contents

    Freight Mobility in Hillsborough County ......................................... 4-2

    Freight & Goods Movement Needs ........................................ 4-17

    Intermodal Transportation ........ 4-32

    Intermodal Planning & Coordination ............................ 4-38

    How was This Information Used to Shape the 2035 Plan? ................ 4-40

  • HillsboroughCounty2035LongRangeTransportationPlan

    FreightMobilityinHillsboroughCountyFreightmobilityisimportanttotheeconomicvitalityofHillsboroughCountyandakeyfactorinattractingnewemployerstothearea.Inaddition,theimportanceoffreightmobilityhasbeenrecognizedbytheUnitedStatesCongress,whichincludedincreasedemphasisonfreightplanningwithinthelastthreetransportationbills:theIntermodalSurfaceTransportationEfficiencyAct(ISTEA);theTransportationEquityActforthe21stCentury(TEA21);andSAFETEALU.

    ExistingandEmergingFreightActivityCentersWhilefreightgeneratingactivityisprevalentthroughouttheCounty,alargeportionisconcentratedinindustrialandmixeduseareasknownasregionalfreightactivitycenters(FACs).FACsaretheeconomicenginesoftheregion.TheyaremajorcontributorstotheCountysbaseemploymentandakeycomponentofregionaleconomicdevelopmentplans.iGenerally,theyarealsomajorgeneratorsoftrucktripactivity,includinglonghaulshipmentstoareasoutsideoftheregion.TheindustrieslocatedwithinaFACtypicallyhavesignificanttiestoareasoutsideofHillsboroughCountyandtheTampaBayregion.

    EmergingFACsarethosethatareshiftingfromalocalfocustoaregionalornationalfocusbyattractingnewbusinessesthatreachbeyondCountyborders.Insomecases,theseareashaverelativelyfewbusinessesinplace,butaredesignatedforindustrialgrowthwithavailablevacantlandtogrowconsistentwiththeHillsboroughCountyComprehensivePlan.

    Basedonthecriteria,11FACsand1futureFACwereidentifiedwithintheCounty.TheyareshownonMap4.1anddescribedintheFreightMobilityTechnicalMemorandum.

    HillsboroughCountysFreightMobilitySystemTheeconomicproductivityinHillsboroughCountyisdependentonatransportationsystemthatcanmovegoodsefficientlyandsafely.Theport,airport,otherregionalFACsandrailroadnetworkhavebeenacornerstoneoflocalandregionaleconomicprosperity.GrowthoftheseeconomicgeneratorswilllargelydependontheCountysabilitytoimproveandmaintainefficienttransportationconnectionswithintheCountyaswellaslinkstoregionalandstatewidecorridorsoutsidetheCounty.Improvingeconomicactivitycentersisanimportantfactorinattractingnewindustryandassociatedjobsthatwillhelpstimulatethelocaleconomy.

    WaterborneCargoTampawasfoundedasaportcitywithexcellentnavigationalchannelstotheGulfofMexico.Liketherailsystem,HillsboroughCountyreliesonitsdeepwaterportandchannelstoimportandexportlargequantitiesofgoods.

    Providingasafe,wellplanned,transportationsystemtoefficientlymovegoodswhilepreservingpersonalmobilityisbecominganincreasinglysignificantconcernasourroadsbecomemorecongested.

    Tampa Bay Regional Goods Movement Study

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  • HillsboroughCounty2035LongRangeTransportationPlan

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  • HillsboroughCounty2035LongRangeTransportationPlan

    ThewaterwaysconsistofthemainchannelandbranchchannelsthatenterTampaBayandservethevariousPortofTampafacilitiesalongtheBay,includingHookersPoint,Rockport,PortSutton/PendolaPointandPortRedwing,aswellasPortTampa.Theaveragechanneldepthisapproximately43feetandcansupportcontainershipsuptoandincludingPanamaxii(4,000to8,000containers).ThePortofTampaisthelargestportinFloridaintermsoftotalgrosstonnageandisamajorcontributortotheCountyseconomy.ThePortisintheprocessofdiversifyingintothecontainermarket,whichwillhaveapronouncedimpactonlocalandregionalhighwaysascontainersaredrayedtorailintermodalfacilitiesandregionaldistributioncentersinsideandoutsideofHillsboroughCounty.

    BoththePortandthewaterwaysconnectingittotheGulfofMexicoarepartoftheFloridaStrategicIntermodalSystem(SIS).

    PortofTampaiiiThePortofTampa,Floridaslargestseaportandthenations12thlargestportintermsofgrosscargoweight,isownedandoperatedbytheTampaPortAuthority.Itconsistsofseveralpublicandprivatedockfacilitieslocatedon2,600acresonthenortheastcornerofTampaBayandextendingsouthtoBigBend.Ofthistotal,approximately400acresareavailablefordevelopment.ThePortishometo58cargoterminalsofwhich28areprivatelyowned.ThePortinvestedheavilyinexpansionpriorto1999andspentanother$100millionthrough2002onnewconstructionandrefurbishmentprojects.

    OperationsatthePortofTampaaredividedintofourindustrialareas:

    HookersPoint(includingtheInnerHarborandChannelDistrictareas).

    Rockport/PortSutton/PendolaPoint. AlafiaRiver. BigBend/PortRedwing.

    FiftypercentofFloridaswaterbornecargo,or45.3milliontons,passedthroughthePortofTampain2007.ivOfthistotal,34milliontonswereimportsand11.3milliontonswereexports.Nearly10milliontons(90%)ofexportsarephosphaterelated.Table4.1depictsthetypesofcommoditiesthatpassthroughthePort.

    CargoistransportedtoandfromthePortbyapproximately11,200heavytrucksand850railcarsperday.Thistotalisexpectedtogrowtoover17,000trucksand1,025railcarsby2010.

    ThePortisservedbyanextensiverailroadnetworkownedandoperatedbyCSXT,severalpipelinesusedtotransportammoniaandliquidpetroleumproductsandthekeyroadwaycorridorslistedinTable4.2.

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  • HillsboroughCounty2035LongRangeTransportationPlan

    Table4.1:PortofTampaCommoditiesExports Imports

    Phosphate PetroleumProductsPhosphateRock CoalFoodProducts PhosphateSteel ChemicalsScrapMetal AggregateMineralsOtherChemicals SteelPaper GeneralCargoCoal FoodProductsPetroleumProducts AgriculturalProductsMachinery PaperVehicles MachineryBoats LumberGeneralandContainerizedCargo GlassProductsLumber Vehicles

    Source:TampaPortAuthorityAnnualReport(2007).

    Table4.2:RoadwayCorridorsthatServethePortofTampaNorthSouthCorridors EastWestCorridors

    I75 I4I275 SR60(AdamoDrive)US41andUS301 LeeRoySelmonCrosstownExpressway21stand22ndStreetsNorth CausewayBoulevardI4/CrosstownConnector* *Economicstimulusprojecttostartconstructionin2010.

    WaterborneCargoTrends&ConditionsvRecenteconomicconditionsareexpectedtoresultinsmalldeclinesinportactivity.However,historyhasshownthatinthelongterm,portactivitywillcontinuetoriseduetoincreasesinglobaltrade.CompletionofthePanamaCanalwideningisnotexpecteduntil2012.Oncecomplete,thePortAuthorityexpectsasteadyincreaseincontainerandgeneralcargoactivity.ThepotentialopeningoftheCubanmarketwillalsoincreaseportactivityslightlybutisnotexpectedtohaveamajorimpactonthePort.Additionally,phosphateexportsareexpectedtodeclineslightly,butimportsofaggregatesandcementswilloffsetsomeofthisdecrease.

    Inthenextfiveyears,thePortAuthorityisplanningtoincreaseitscontainerterminalcapacityatHookersPointtoapproximately497,000twentyfootequivalentunitsvi(TEUs)(or248,50040footcontainersvii).Thecapacityrepresentsthemaximumthroughputanticipated.EachcontainerrepresentsatrucktripforthePortthatwillbeaccessingthelocalconnectorroadsbetweenthePortandtheregionalhighwaysystem.Furtherexpansionbeyondfiveyearswillbringthecontainercapacityupto737,000TEUsor368,500containertrucktrips.Duringthesameperiod,thePortAuthoritysbreakbulkgeneralcargooperationsareexpectedtogenerateanadditional32,400to53,900annualtruckloads.

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  • HillsboroughCounty2035LongRangeTransportationPlan

    46Notethatthesetripsareoutboundonlyandneedtobedoubledtoaccountforinboundemptiesandexports.HookersPointwillcontinuetoprocessbulkmineralsandaggregatesgeneratinganadditional390,000to520,000annualtrucktrips.viii

    NewtenantsatPortRedwingareexpectedtogeneratebetween180,000and200,000totalannualtrucktripsonUS41.

    Table4.3showstheestimatednumberoftrucksgeneratedbythePortofTampabasedon2007portvolumeandthehighandlowvolumeprojectionsfor2027.

    Notes: Drybulkincludesa60/40Rail/Trucksplit.Onebulktruckloadequal30tons.Onegeneraltruckloadequals20tons.OnetypicalcontainertruckisequivalenttotwoTEUs.

    Thenumberoftrucksshownareloadedtrucksleavingtheport.Anequalnumberofemptytruckswouldalsobearrivingattheporttobeloaded.

    Source: PortofTampaMasterPlan(2008).

    FreightRailServiceixHillsboroughCountyreliesonfreightrailtotransportmanyofthegoodsconsumersandbusinessesuseeveryday,whileatthesametimecontributingtoareductionofcongestiononourroads.Foreveryrailcar,approximately3.5longdistancetrucktripsareremovedfromtheCountysroadsystem.Thetransportationofphosphatefromtheminestotheportbyrailreducestheimpactonourhighwaysbynearly850,000trucktripsannually.

    TherailsystemservingHillsboroughCountyconsistsofmainlines,branchlinesandspurs,manyofwhichprovideaccesstotheregionalFACs(seeMap4.2).OfthefourmainlineswithinHillsboroughCounty,theYeomanSubdivision(SLine)andtheLakelandSubdivision(ALine)provideconnectionsoutsidetheregion.Inaddition,CSXToperatesseveralrailyardsinHillsboroughCounty:

    NorthofSR60betweenUS41(50thStreet)andOrientRoad(Uceta,YeomanandIntermodalyards).

    WestofUS41andsouthofCausewayBoulevard(Rockport).

    Table4.3:EstimatedPortofTampaAnnualTruckloadGeneration

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