literal vs. figurative language what’s the difference?

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  • Slide 1
  • Literal vs. Figurative Language Whats the difference?
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  • Literal Means Straight forward Factual Meaning exactly what is said
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  • Figurative Means Imaginative Uses exaggerations to make a point Figurative meanings encourage us to use our imagination. It is not literal.
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  • What does this really mean? Its raining cats and dogs
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  • What does this really mean? Break a leg
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  • Literal or Figurative?You decide! Jacob expresses many feelings through his photography.
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  • Literal or Figurative? You decide! Sometimes I have to be my little brothers brain.
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  • Forensic pathologists-Performs autopsies/postmortem examinations to determine the cause of death. Forensic entomologists- Involved in the branch of entomology that involves insects and violent crime or the law Mark and trace analysis experts- Study examples of typical evidence in criminal cases include fingerprints, glove prints, hairs, cosmetics, plant fibers, mineral fibers, synthetic fibers, glass, paint chips, soils, botanical materials, gunshot residue, explosives residue, and volatile hydrocarbons (arson evidence). Document experts-Analyzes documents for alterations, handwriting comparisons Fiber analysis specialists- Locates textile fibers similar to those from the victims clothing or the crime scene on the clothing or person of the suspect or discovering fiber evidence at the crime scene that can somehow be traced back to the suspect. Medical examiner-medically qualified government officer whose duty is to investigate deaths and injuries that occur under unusual or suspicious circumstances and to perform post-mortem examinations.
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  • Explanation of literal meaning In cases where decedents cannot be identified based on their biological profile or dental records, forensic anthropologists/artists may do facial reconstruction to create a face of decedents so that people might recognize them.
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  • Example evidence to support literal meaning In the case of Mwivano, whose face had been cut off, a forensic anthropologist and artist used her skull to reconstruct a model of her face. Literally, they put a face to the lost by recreating it.
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  • Figurative meaning Matching unidentified remains with the names of missing persons is a way forensic anthropologists solve identification or missing persons investigations.
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  • Example Evidence of Figurative Meaning Forensic investigators discover a decedents identitiy through bones, dental work, and x-rays. They math characteristics from bones, dental work, x- rays, and other means with lists of missing persons to find a match, to give a lost person an IDENTITY/NAME. Through this process, they are able to connect remains to a missing person thus giving a name (figurative face) to a missing person.
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  • Literal Literally, they reconstruct a face Young Female African American
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  • Figurative Figuratively, they give her a face or a name/identity/story with the help of x-rays, dental records, bones, medical records, etc. Name: Mwivano Mwambashi Kupaza Student from Tanzania In a strange country with few acquaintances
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  • Literal Meaning of Giving Faces to the lost Go to the section in the reading that LITERALLY talks about how they reconstruct the face. Use textual evidence Hint: Facial Reconstruction
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  • Figurative Meaning of Giving Faces to the lost Go to the sections in the reading that discuss how the forensic anthropologists find out the face or identity of the lost person. Use textual evidence. Hint: Matching a Decedent to a Missing Person


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