literal vs. figurative language how do i differentiate between literal and figurative language? 1

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  • Slide 1
  • Literal vs. Figurative Language How do I differentiate between literal and figurative language? 1
  • Slide 2
  • KnowUnderstandDoDo Hyperbole Personification Simile Metaphor (Pun) Authors use figurative language to make the reader see familiar things in a new way. We all use figures of speech every day. Figures of speech are not literally true, but are used to elaborate on a subject. Differentiate among the types of figurative language. Write in a variety of modes using figurative language. Analyze the use of figurative language in poetry and prose. Create an extended metaphor.
  • Slide 3
  • Key Learning: Writers use figurative language to enhance the readers understanding. It is used in various types of writing. Unit Essential Question: How does understanding figurative language enhance comprehension? 0701.8.10 Concept: Literal vs Figurative Concept: Similes and Metaphors Concept: Hyperboles Concept: Personification Lesson Essential Questions: How do I differentiate between literal and figurative language? Lesson Essential Questions: How do I recognize and create similes and metaphors in writing? Lesson Essential Questions: How do I analyze hyperboles for literal and figurative meanings? Lesson Essential Questions: How do I interpret the use of personification in writing?
  • Slide 4
  • Unit Vocabulary Literal LiteralPersonification Figurative FigurativePersonify Simile Anthropomorphism Metaphor Hyperbole
  • Slide 5
  • Activator Its raining cats and dogs. What does this really mean? 5
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  • Activator Break a leg! What does this really mean? 6
  • Slide 7
  • Literal vs. Figurative Literal means straightforward or factual; the dictionary meaning of a word. (Think denotation!) Literal means straightforward or factual; the dictionary meaning of a word. (Think denotation!) When someone says I mean that literally. They mean exactly -- just the facts! 7
  • Slide 8
  • Literal vs. Figurative A figurative meaning is far more interesting. It is imaginative, and conveys not just the facts, but an idea. (Think connotation!) A figurative meaning is far more interesting. It is imaginative, and conveys not just the facts, but an idea. (Think connotation!) Figurative meanings encourage us to use our imagination. 8
  • Slide 9
  • Literal vs. Figurative Example of Figurative Language: Example of Figurative Language: Marvin runs like a duck. 9
  • Slide 10
  • Literal vs. Figurative We know that Marvin does not run exactly like a water bird. But, it wouldnt portray quite the same visual if we said Marvin is awkward and he waddles when he runs. So, we compare Marvin to a duck to paint a mental picture. 10
  • Slide 11
  • Puns Puns are also examples of figurative language. A pun is a play on words. Examples: The new smoking laws really burn me up! The grammarian was never late; he was always very punctual. The Atlanta Lightnings took the field by storm.
  • Slide 12
  • Assessment Prompt 1 1. Kevin ate his dinner quickly. 2. Mandy likes to talk a lot. 3. Jennifer is not intelligent. Use figurative language to make these sentences more colorful. 12
  • Slide 13
  • Lets Practice 1. Kevin ate his dinner quickly. Kevin ate like a pig. Make these sentences more colorful. Use figurative language. 13
  • Slide 14
  • Lets Practice 2. Mandy likes to talk a lot. Mandy talks a mile a minute. Make these sentences more colorful. Use figurative language. 14
  • Slide 15
  • Lets Practice 3. Jennifer is not intelligent. Jennifer is not the brightest crayon in the box. Make these sentences more colorful. Use figurative language. 15
  • Slide 16
  • T-Chart Literal LanguageFigurative Language 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. As we read Wild Ride, find some examples of literal and figurative language and record them on your chart. 16
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  • T-Chart Literal LanguageFigurative Language 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 17
  • Slide 18
  • Power Questions 1. Read the poem below and use the figurative language images to help determine the subject matter of the poem. 1. Read the poem below and use the figurative language images to help determine the subject matter of the poem. The Ball Dances A. sun A big flaming ball of fire B. star Prances across the sky each day C. moon But perishes every night D. earth A rebirth occurs the next morning And because of it Life is possible 18
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  • Power Questions 1. Read the poem below and use the figurative language images to help determine the subject matter of the poem. 1. Read the poem below and use the figurative language images to help determine the subject matter of the poem. The Ball Dances A. sun A big flaming ball of fire B. star Prances across the sky each day C. moon But perishes every night D. earth A rebirth occurs the next morning And because of it Life is possible 19
  • Slide 20
  • Power Questions 2. The saying in our family was, "If Mama drops a biscuit, jump out of the way or risk losing a toe." This is another way of saying A. Mama is very clumsy. B. the biscuits she bakes are hard. C. the biscuits are soft and chewy. D. if Mama drops a biscuit, she will step on your toe. 20
  • Slide 21
  • Power Questions 2. The saying in our family was, "If Mama drops a biscuit, jump out of the way or risk losing a toe." This is another way of saying A. Mama is very clumsy. B. the biscuits she bakes are hard. C. the biscuits are soft and chewy. D. if Mama drops a biscuit, she will step on your toe. 21
  • Slide 22
  • Power Questions 3. The following quote is an example of what type of figurative language? "Roll down this hillif you are so inclined." A. metaphor B. pun C. personification D. simile 22
  • Slide 23
  • Power Questions 3. The following quote is an example of what type of figurative language? "Roll down this hillif you are so inclined." A. metaphor B. pun C. personification D. simile 23
  • Slide 24
  • Summarizer You are writing a letter to an absent student (Dear Absent Student,) You are writing a letter to an absent student (Dear Absent Student,) Tell the student what we learned today about literal and figurative language. Include what you think is important. 24
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  • Finishing Up Skip lines. Skip lines. Your letter must be AT LEAST five sentences long. Your letter must be AT LEAST five sentences long. Watch spelling and punctuation. This is a friendly letter, so use that format. This is a friendly letter, so use that format. 25
  • Slide 26
  • More Figurative Language to Come Similes and Metaphors Similes and Metaphors Hyperboles Hyperboles Personification Personification Idioms Idioms 26

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