go figure! figurative language recognizing figurative language the opposite of literal language is...
Post on 11-Dec-2015
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Slide 2 Go Figure! Figurative Language Slide 3 Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. It usually gives us a feeling about its subject. Authors and poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a text may make no sense at all. Slide 4 Recognizing Literal Language Ive eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst! In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language. Slide 5 What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Slide 6 Types of Figurative Language Imagery Simile Metaphor Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms Slide 7 Alliteration Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken. Slide 8 Allusion An allusion is a reference to a famous person, place, event, or work of literature. It is something that is in most cases widely known by all people. Example: He ran the race but lost despite his Herculean effort. Slide 9 Dialect A dialect is a form of language that is spoken in a certain place or by a certain group of people. Dialects may differ in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. Example: Yesm. I reckon thats what I should do. Slide 10 Flashback A flashback is an interruption of the action to present a scene that took place at an earlier time. Example: As soon as I saw the trophy my mind was transported back to a younger time. I wasnt an old man. I was young and had just won that award for Slide 11 Foreshadowing Foreshadowing is when an author provides clues or hints that suggest future events. Example: Charlotte took the dirk that Zachariah gave her and put it under her mattress. She hoped she wouldnt need to think of it again, but alas, that would not be the case. Slide 12 Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: Shes said so on several million occasions. Slide 13 Imagery Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. Sight Hearing Touch Taste Smell Slide 14 Metaphor A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert. Slide 15 Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom! Slide 16