figurative language. figurative and literal language literally: words function exactly as defined...
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personificationsimileHyperboleonomatopoeiaFigurative LanguageFigurative and Literal LanguageLiterally: words function exactly as definedThe car is blue.He caught the football.
Figuratively: figure out what it means
Ive got your back.
Youre a doll. ^Figures of Speech
Figurative LanguageThe opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. It usually gives us a feeling about its subject.A writers toolIt helps the reader to visualize (see) what the writer is thinkingIt puts a picture in the readers mind
MetaphorTwo things are compared without using like or as.
All the world is a stage.
Men are dogs.
Her heart is stone.
SimileComparison of two things using like or as.
The metal twisted like a ribbon.
She is as sweet as candy.
Important!Using like or as doesnt make a simile.
A comparison must be made.
Not a Simile: I like pizza. Simile: The moon is like a pizza.
PersonificationGiving human traits to objects or ideas.
The sunlight danced.
Water on the lake shivers.
The streets are calling me.
HyperboleAn exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Examples: Shes said so on several million occasions. I will love you forever.My house is a million miles away.Shed kill me.
Alliteration: repetition of the first consonant soundat the beginningof words
Alliteration (continued)Alliteration: when the first sounds in words repeat.ExamplePeter Piper picked a pickled pepper.We lurk late. We shoot straight.
Tiny Tommy Thomson takes toy trucks to Timmys on Tuesday.
OnomatopoeiaOnomatopoeia: When a words pronunciation imitates its sound.
ExamplesBuzzFizzWoofHissClinkBoom Beep VroomZip
IdiomThe language peculiar to a group of people A saying that isnt meant to be taken literally. Doesnt mean what it saysDont be a stick in the mud!Youre the apple of my eye.I have an ace up my sleeve.
PunA form of word play in which words have a double meaning.I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger and then it hit me.Im reading a book about anti-gravity. Its impossible to put it down.I was going to look for my missing watch, but I didnt have the time.
OxymoronWhen two words are put together that contradict each other. OppositesJumbo ShrimpPretty UglyFreezer Burn
AllusionA reference to another piece of literature or to history.Example: She hath Dians wit (from Romeo and Juliet).This is an allusion to Roman mythology and the goddess Diana.The three most common types of allusion refer to mythology, the Bible, and Shakespeares writings.
Types of Figurative LanguageSimile-A figure of speech comparing two unlike things often using like or as. Metaphor-Comparing two things by using one kind of object or using one in place of another to suggest the likeness between them.Personification-Giving something human qualitiesPun-A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words. Alliteration-The repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables Onomatopoeia-Naming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it Oxymoron- A figure of speech in which contradictory terms appear side by side.Hyperbole-Big exaggeration, usually with humorIdioms-The language peculiar to a group of people Allusion-A reference to another piece of literature or to history.