language types figurative language and literal language
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DESCRIPTIONFigurative vs. Literal figurative language To understand figurative language one has to understand the difference between figurative and literal
Language Types figurative language and literal language
Were going to look at two types oflanguage: figurative language and literal language Figurative vs. Literal figurative language
To understand figurative language one has to understand the difference between figurative and literal More on Literal To be literal is to mean what you say. For example:
If I tell you to sit down! I mean it literally: sit down, as in: sit in your seat now, please. and more on Literal Heres another example. Im tired and going home.
This means Im tired and Im going home there is no other meaning other than what is said. I mean exactly what I say. 2ndFigurative To be figurative is to not mean what you say but imply something else. For example: If, I tell you:it is raining cats and dogs Im not suggesting dogs are falling fromthe sky. Figurative continued raining cats and dogs
means it is raining really hard. It has nothing to do with animals falling from the sky. Why Figurative Language?
Also known as descriptivelanguage, or poeticlanguage, figurativelanguage helps the writerpaint a picture in thereaders mind. Again: Figurative Language
Figurative Languagedoes not always meanwhat is being said orread, but serves tomake it moreinteresting. Ten Techniques of Figurative Language
There are ten techniquesthat were going to lookat, and yes, youll need tolearn all ten. Ten Techniques of Figurative Language
You will need to: understand them identify them use them in your writing Ten Techniques of Figurative Language
The ten techniques you needto know: onomatopoeia alliteration simile metaphor personification idiom hyperbole analogy allusion symbolism Onomatopoeia Examples of the onomatopoeia: Bang, went the gun!
Swoosh went the basketball through the hoop. Onomatopoeia Words that suggest thesounds they describe. Alliteration A poetic device which repeats thesame beginning sound for effect. Examples of Alliteration: Sally Sells Seashells By The SeaShore Rolling, Racing, Roaring,Rapids Joyet Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition ofa beginning sound that is nearone another. Joyet Simile A simile is a figurative language technique where a comparison
is made using like or as. Examples of similes: She is like a rainy day. He is as busy as a bee. They are like two peas in apod. Simile A comparison of two unlike things, using like or as
Joyet Metaphor A poetic comparison that does not use the words like or as.
Examples of metaphors: She is a graceful swan. He is a golden god. They are honey from thehoneycomb. Metaphor Implied comparison of twothings not using like or as Brian was a wall, bouncing every tennis ball back over the net.
This metaphor compares Brianto a wall because __________. a. He was very strong.b. He was very tall.c. He kept returning the balls.d. His body was made of cells. Joyet We would have had more pizza to eat if Tammy hadnt been such a hog
We would have had more pizza to eat if Tammy hadnt been such a hog. Tammy was being compared to a hog because she __________. a. looked like a hog b. ate like a hog c. smelled like a hog d. was as smart as a hog Joyet Personification Personification is when human characteristics given to an object, animal, or idea Joyet Personification Examples of personification:
The heat ripped the breath from her lungs. The leaves danced in the wind Personification Examples of Personification: Hunger sat shivering on the road Flowers danced about the lawn. Idiom An idiom is a figurativelanguage technique thatdoes not mean what isbeing said. Itcannot beunderstood from theindividual meanings of itswords. Idiom The expression chill, is anidiom that means: relax,take it easy ordont worry. There are tons of idioms. Im sure you use several allthe time, without thinkingabout it. Idioms More examples of idioms: We were chewing the fat.
Its raining cats and dogs. Shes as sharp as a tack. Hyperbole Truth exaggerated to make a point, contains no comparison Hyperbole Take for example:
He never speaks to her. Never? That is a very long time. Hyperbole means to exaggerates. Hyperbole Hyperbole example: We have a ton of work.
A ton is a lot of work.A ton is also a thousand pounds. Analogy Comparison between two things used to explain or clarify
Similes and metaphorsare examples ofanalogies Analogy Examples You are as annoying as nails ona chalkboard. You must bepretty annoying for someone tosay that. I am going to be toast when Iget home. This is usually saidwhen someone is in troublewith their significant other. Allusion Direct or indirect referenceto another piece ofliterature, movie, history,etc. Allusion Examples I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchios. This refers to thestory of Pinocchio, where his nose grew whenever he told a lie. It is from TheAdventures of Pinocchio, written by Carlo Collodi. When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anythingthat wasnt necessary. Scrooge was an extremely stingy character fromCharles Dickens, A Christmas Carol. I thought the software would be useful, but it was a Trojan Horse. Thisrefers to the horse that the Greeks built that contained all the soldiers. It wasgiven as a gift to the enemy during the Trojan War and, once inside theenemy's walls, the soldiers broke out. By using trickery, the Greeks won thewar. He was a real Romeo with the ladies. Romeo was a character inShakespeares play, Romeo and Juliet, and was very romantic in expressing hislove for Juliet. Symbolism A person, place, objectthat represents an ideabeyond itself Joyet Symbolism Example In Shakespeares As you Like It, stage
symbolizes the world and players symbolize men and women: All the worlds a stage, And all the men and women merely players; they have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, In the movie trilogy Star Wars, Luke was dressed in light colors and Darth Vader was dressed in black, showing good vs evil State Content Standards for 8th Grade
Narrative Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text Recognize and understand the significance ofvarious literary devices, including figurativelanguage, imagery, allegory, and symbolism, andexplain their appeal.