BCPC - Then and Now!

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DOI: 10.1039/b311473m Pest ic ide Outlook October 2003 193This journal is The Royal Society of Chemistry 2003BCPC was formed by the amalgam-ation of the British Weed ControlCouncil (BWCC) and the BritishInsecticide and Fungicide Council(BIFC) in 1967 under the presidency of Sir FrederickBawden FRS. The BWCC in turn can be traced back to theformation of the Agricultural Research Council Unit ofExperimental Agronomy in Oxford in 1950. This group hadworked with copper salts, sulphuric acid and mineral oils asweed control agents before turning to the practical use ofthe dinitrophenyl herbicides (DNOC and DNBP) and thenof MCPA and 2,4 D the first of the then revolutionaryhormone weed killers. BCPC THEN AND NOW!John Fisher, General Secretary of BCPC, describes the history, evolution and future direction of a majororganisation in the science and practice of crop protectionORGANISATIONMAJOR BCPC PUBLICATIONSThe Pesticide Manual (13th Edition)Edited by Clive TomlinNovember 2003ISBN 1 901396 13 4New 13th edition available November 2003The UK Pesticide Guide 2004Edited by Richard WhiteheadJanuary 2004ISBN 0 85199 733 6The BioPesticide Manual (2nd Edition)Edited by Leonard G CoppingNovember 2001ISBN 1 901396 29 0IdentiPestNovember 2001ISBN 1 901396 05 3Garden DetectiveApril 2003 ISBN 1 901396 32 0Figure 1. Sir FrederickBawden, the firstpresident of BCPC.Figure 2. The Pesticide Manual and The UK Pesticide Guide, two of the major BCPC publicationsPublished on 11 November 2003. Downloaded by Universitat Politcnica de Valncia on 29/10/2014 19:30:09. View Article Online / Journal Homepage / Table of Contents for this issuehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b311473mhttp://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journal/POhttp://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journal/PO?issueid=PO014005Forum for exchange of research activitiesidentified This was in the period when increasing levels of foodproduction in the UK were a major priority of government,and while major chemical companies, in both the UnitedStates and Europe, were beginning to invest in the synthesisof novel compounds as potential herbicides, insecticides andfungicides. Such activity soon generated a need in the UK fora clearing house for information on the science and practiceof weed control. An initiative by the Assistant Director ofthe ARC Unit, Dr E K Woodford (a BCPC medallist in1987) led to a meeting in November 1952 of interestedorganisations to review current work, identify outstandingproblems and propose approaches for dealing with them. Aseries of meetings culminated in The British Weed ControlConference in November 1953. The BWCC began its formalexistence a year later in November 1954 at Harrogate.Among the early members were the: Association of British Insecticide Manufacturers whichwas later to become firstly the British AgrochemicalsAssociation and latterly the Crop Protection Association British Agricultural Contractors Association now theNational Association of Agricultural Contractors Rothamsted Experimental Station now RothamstedResearch Long Ashton Research Station now merged and relocatedwith Rothamsted Research.The success of the BWCC stimulated the formation of BIFCin 1962 which had broadly similar aims. By 1965 thebenefits of amalgamation had become overwhelming.Activities and scope broadensBoth organisations contributed to the early character ofBCPC originally known as the British Crop ProtectionCouncil, but now simply as BCPC. The Council was madeup of the representatives of the corporate members togetherwith not more than ten individual members who onlyqualified after working for not less than ten years for anorganisation engaged in crop protection. As activitiesbroadened, a number of Expert Working Groups wereformed together with committees that organised BCPCevents such as the annual Conference (with its alternationbetween Weeds and Pests & Diseases) as well as AnnualReviews and Symposia and publications. The PesticideManual first appeared in 1968, followed in 1982 by The UKPesticide Guide. The latter, which became affectionatelyknown as the green book, is a joint publication with CABI.The success of these two major publications during a periodwhen chemicals made a major contribution to crop protectionand the success of the annual conference at Brighton, whichattracted both scientific and business interests alike, led tomajor public misconceptions about BCPC, notably:194 Pest ic ide Outlook October 2003ORGANISATIONFigure 3. Annual BCPC conferences have been held atBrighton (left) for many years, but from 2003 the BCPCInternational Congress will be held at Glasgow (right)Figure 4. Garden Detective, one of the new CD-ROM productsfrom BCPC, aimed at a wider marketPublished on 11 November 2003. Downloaded by Universitat Politcnica de Valncia on 29/10/2014 19:30:09. View Article Onlinehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b311473m That BCPC didnt do anything else That it was the respectable face of the agrochemicalindustry That it was a trade organisationIn fact a far wider range of attitudes and activities hasalways characterised BCPC, as even a cursory scrutiny of thecorporate members listed (see www.bcpc.org) or theproceedings of symposia, reviews, workshops and indeedthe conferences themselves would readily show. Themes thathave been tackled include: Prospects for improved and better targeted agrochemicals Adoption of integrated pest management (IPM) orICropM or IfarmM Increase in real and perceived concerns about pesticidesfrom conservationists and the general public Benefits and risks of agrochemical use The impending crisis in world food production Economic implications for farmers of the EU and the CAP The great hopes placed on biotechnology Commitment to (funding) long-term agricultural research The role of politics and economics in the worlds foodsupply The implications of global warming Public communication on the food chainMore than just crop protectionBCPC has always aspired to be THE body that provides aforum for all organisations, and indeed individuals, with alegitimate interest in the science and practice of cropprotection, and increasingly crop production and, mostimportantly, their consequences. It is important to rememberthat by consequences we mean far more than environ-mental impact! This aspiration was more easily achieved in1954, or indeed in 1967, than it is now. A far wider range oforganisations, and indeed the public in general, have becomefar more involved and concerned with food production andthe impact of farming operations on landscape, environmentPest ic ide Outlook October 2003 195ORGANISATIONFOCUS ON FOODThis forum, to be held from 11-12 November 2003 inassociation with the BCPC International Congress CropScience and Technology, illustrates the widening scope ofBCPC One session will cover consumer and foodindustry views of and information needs on currenttrends in crop production and protection. The secondsession will focus on the future for crop assurance.Understanding, Informing and Meeting ConsumerDemands The Challenge for Crop Production andCrop Protection What do consumers and the food supply chainunderstand by crop protection and how are viewschanging. What are the psychological factors which affect foodchoice perceptions of hazard always outweigh risk-based judgements? What are the problems and opportunities associatedwith these perceptions? Does the crop protection industry have a widerresponsibility than simply meeting regulatory require-ments for pesticides? How can the drivers of food quality, price and safetybe reconciled? What are the trends and opportunities in organic andfunctional foods?Assured Crops Understanding the Needs andPredicting the Future What are the present and future drivers of assuredcrops? Is this an inexorable trend will all crops in Europeneed to be assured by 2015? Will Crop Assurance schemes and processor/retailerschemes converge? Who are/will be the verifiers in future? What about imports? THE BAWDEN LECTURESEach year, the BCPC Conference commenced with theBawden Lecture, named after Sir Frederick Bawden, thefirst President of the BCPC. This keynote address waspresented by an international authority in their field,covering a subject highly relevant to the time. Theselectures provided a fascinating insight into the evolutionof ideas and practices in crop protection over a quarterof a century. The lectures have now been gatheredtogether and published in a single volume:The Bawden Lectures Silver Jubilee EditionEdited by Trevor LewisNovember 1998 ISBN 1 901396 27 4Published on 11 November 2003. Downloaded by Universitat Politcnica de Valncia on 29/10/2014 19:30:09. View Article Onlinehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b311473mand biodiversity. In addition a reductionist, problem-basedapproach to constraints to crop production is beingsucceeded by holistic considerations of the big picture anda realisation that as landscape managers, farmers andgrowers have an impact on at least 70% of the UK landsurface which goes far beyond food production. It is for these reasons that BCPC is broadening its ownremit to include crop protection and production, and ischanging the basis of membership. This will result in a widerrange of both corporate and individual members soincreasing both the breadth of opinion and expertise withinthe organisation. One response to a consultative surveymade the point that, debates and the exchange of viewstake place under BCPCs roof that just dont happenanywhere else!Fifty years after one of BCPCs common ancestors, held ameeting The British Weed Control Conference at Margate inNovember 1953, the BCPC International Congress CropScience & Technology will be held in Glasgow in November2003. The breadth of interests and disciplines to beconsidered in Glasgow will be broader, as will the range oforganisations and the global regions where they operate.But, the need for a forum and an accessible network remainsas potent as ever.196 Pest ic ide Outlook October 2003ORGANISATIONBCPC WEBSITEVisit the BCPC website at http://www.bcpc.orgCONTACTSBCPC, 7 Omni Business Centre,Omega Park, Alton, Hampshire,GU34 2QD, UKBCPC General Secretary Dr John FisherEmail: gensec@bcpc.org BCPE Managing Director and Publications Chris ToddEmail: md@bcpc.org; publications@bcpc.orgExhibitions Director Dr Colin RuscoeEmail: expro@bcpc.orgEditor-in-Chief & Press Manager Frances McKimEmail: edpress@bcpc.orgt +() f +() e sales@rsc.orgOr visit our websites: www.rsc.org and www.chemsoc.orgRegistered Charity No. Orders & further details Sales Customer Care DeptRoyal Society of Chemistry Thomas Graham HouseScience Park Milton Road Cambridge --advancing the chemical sciencesAimed at students and professionals in all food and healthdisciplines, The Composition of Foods remains the essentialhandbook for those who need to know the nutritional value offoods consumed in the UK.Softcover | |xvi + pages | |.RSC members price .McCance and Widdowsons The Composition of FoodsSixth Summary EditionCompiled by Food Standards Agency and Institute of FoodResearch McCance and Widdowsons The Composition ofFoods Sixth Summary Edition provides authoritative andcomprehensive nutrient data for over 1,200 of the mostcommonly consumed foods in the UK. This new summaryedition, which incorporates data from supplementspublished since the 4th and 5th Editions, covers all foodgroups. In addition to new and previously unpublished data,it includes updated information on key foods such as milk,cheese, bread, breakfast cereals, and meat and meat products.There are also new entries for many foods that have becomepopular in recent years, such as fresh pasta and crme fraiche.Values for a wide range of nutrients (e.g. proximates,vitamins, inorganics, non-starch polysaccharides, and fattyacid totals) are provided. Additional tables cover phytosterols,carotenoid fractions, vitamin E fractions and, for the firsttime, vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) and AOAC fibre.Published on 11 November 2003. Downloaded by Universitat Politcnica de Valncia on 29/10/2014 19:30:09. View Article Onlinehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b311473m