nationalism: then & now

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Nationalism: Then & Now. Unification - THEN. Germany. Germany. 1815 Germany had 39 states called the German Confederation (controlled by Austria ) Prussia leads unification German population Nationalistic movement Stronger Army Wilhelm I appoints Bismarck to orchestrate unification. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nationalism

Nationalism:Then & NowUnification - THEN

GermanyGermany1815 Germany had 39 states called the German Confederation (controlled by Austria)Prussia leads unificationGerman populationNationalistic movementStronger ArmyWilhelm I appoints Bismarck to orchestrate unification

Unification - THENItalyItalyMazzini: The SoulGaribaldi: The SwordCavour:The BrainCreate a plan to unite Northern Italy and Southern Italy into new nation state of Italy (Rome capital city)

Unification - NOWMay 22, 1990 - North and South Yemen merged to form a unified Yemen

October 3, 1990 - East Germany and West Germany merged to form a unified Germany (again!) after the fall of the Iron CurtainUnification - NOWWill South Korea ever reunite with North Korea?

Unification - NOWWill Northern Ireland ever reunite with the Republic of Ireland?

Separation - THENAustrian EmpireSeparation - THENHungarians, Germans, Czechs, Poles, Slovaks, Serbs, etc.Lost Northern Land to Prussia (smaller/weaker)Pressure from Hungarians causes split, becomes Austria-HungaryAfter WWI, breaks into several nation-states

Separation - THENRussian EmpireSeparation - THENRuled by Romanov Dynasty Czars!Ukrainians, Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians, Estonians, etc.Each had own cultureRussification forced Russian culture on all ethnic groups BUT nationalism grows WWI & Communist Revolution lead to break up of Empire in 1917

Separation - THENOttoman EmpireSeparation - THENRuled by TurksControlled Greeks, Slavs, Arabs, Bulgarians and ArmeniansUnder pressure from British/French, granted equal citizenship to all people under their ruleBUT this angered conservative Turks Armenian Nationalist Movement grows, Turks respond by massacring & deporting thousands from 1894-1896 & 1915Armenian Genocidehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QVQj0dbeVgU

14Separation - NOWFifteen new countries became independent with the dissolution of the USSR in 1991

Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s into five independent countries

January 1, 1993 - The Czech Republic and Slovakia became independent nations when Czechoslovakia dissolved

May 25, 1993 - Eritrea was a part of Ethiopia but seceded and gained independence

15 New Countries from USSR1.Armenia2.Azerbaijan3.Belarus4.Estonia5.Georgia6.Kazakhstan7.Kyrgyzstan8.Latvia9.Lithuania10.Moldova11.Russia12.Tajikistan13.Turkmenistan14.Ukraine15.Uzbekistan5 New Countries from YugoslaviaBosnia and Herzegovina, February 29, 1992Croatia, June 25, 1991Macedonia (officially The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) declared independence on September 8, 1991 but wasn't recognized by the United Nations until 1993 and the United States and Russia in February of 1994Serbia and Montenegro, (also known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), April 17, 1992 Slovenia, June 25, 1991

15Separation - NOWJune 3, 2006 - Montenegro was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) but gained independence after a referendum

June 5, 2006 - Serbia became its own entity after Montenegro split

February 17, 2008 - Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia

July 9, 2011 - South Sudan peacefully seceded from Sudan

Separation - NOWWill Quebec separate from Canada?

Separation - NOWWill Chechnya separate from Russia?

Separation - NOWWill Scotland separate from the UK?