loudoun then & now

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Loudoun Then & Now. Annie Hough and her brother, Silas, on Main Street in Waterford, c. 1862. Source: www.waterfordhistory.org. Fall Festival at Brambleton Town Center, 2012. Source: www.brambletonview.blogspot.com. Exploring Maps, Statistics, and Documents - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Loudoun Then & NowExploring Maps, Statistics, and Documents LCPS Teaching American History (TAH), 2013

    Annie Hough and her brother, Silas, on Main Street in Waterford, c. 1862. Source: www.waterfordhistory.org

    Fall Festival at Brambleton Town Center, 2012. Source: www.brambletonview.blogspot.com

  • Essential Questions:How has Loudoun County changed from its founding until today?How can maps, statistics, documents and other primary sources help us to identify and better understand those changes?What major factors have contributed to Loudouns transformation from a rural agricultural area to a diverse, suburban area?How have the changes in Loudoun County reflected broader changes in Northern Virginia and in the nation as a whole?

  • Mapping Loudoun: 1853The top right corner of Yardley Taylors 1853 map of Loudoun County. Source: www.loudounhistory.orgThe map is one of the most detailed maps of Loudoun County from the 19th century. The History of Loudoun County website provides an article by historian Eugene Scheel, himself a mapmaker, on the development and history of the map. http://www.loudounhistory.org/history/yardley-taylor-1853-map.htmThe image to the right is a map inset depicting the center of Leesburg, including the old court house.

    The Yardley Taylor map is available online and can be purchased from the Loudoun County Government Mapping Office for $15. There are two excellent online versions that offer zoomable versions of the map:http://www.loudounhistory.org/map-yardley-taylor-1854.htmandhttp://logis.loudoun.gov/archive/which includes historic map and aerial images of Loudoun County from 1853 to 2012.

  • Mapping Loudoun: 1860shttp://www.loc.gov/resource/g3883l.cwh00044/ (Loudoun County map, c. 1860s). Follow the link to a zoomable version on the Library of Congress website.

  • Mapping Loudoun TodayThe Loudoun County Government Mapping Office offers a wealth of county maps that have a variety of themes. The 2011 planning map to the left shows the countys master development plan. Other map types include election districts, census areas, and a series of environmental maps. All of these can be found on the Loudoun Mapping Websites page: http://logis.loudoun.gov/

    Perhaps the most interesting feature of the site is Aerial Archive which allows a user to investigate historic and recent maps of the county and compare and contrast them to each other.

  • Loudouns Historic PreservationThe Loudoun County Government website also features an interactive map that identifies and provides images and interviews related to Loudouns historic preservation districts: http://www.loudoun.gov/index.aspx?NID=1864Three of Loudouns best-known historic districts Waterford, Oatlands, and Aldie are pictured below.

    Historic Waterford. Source:http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/journey/wat.htm

    The Carter Mansion at Oatlands. Source: http://www.oatlands.org

    Historic Aldie Mill operated from 1809 to 1971. Source:http://www.nvrpa.org/park/aldie_mill_historic_park

  • Loudouns Population, 1790-1920Source: U.S. Census Statistics printed in An Economic and Social Survey of Loudoun by Deck and Heaton in Charles P. Poland Jr.s From Frontier to Suburbia, 1976.

    YearWhiteNegroTotal Pop.% Increase% Decrease179014,7494,21318,962------180015,2005,32320,5238.2---181015,5775,76121,3383.9---182016,1446,55822,7026.3---183015,4975,44221,939---3.4184013,8406,59120,431---6.9185015,0816,99822,0798.0---186015,0216,75321,774---1.4187015,2385,69120,929---4.0188016,3917,24323,63412.9---189016,6966,57823,274---1.5190016,0805,86821,948---6.0191015,9465,22121,167---3.6192015,7674,81020,577---2.8

  • Loudouns Growth, 1930-2010Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census 1930 to 2000Loudoun County Government, http://testbiz.loudoun.gov/Portals/0/a_1.pdf

    YearLoudoun County Population% Change in Loudoun Countys PopulationVirginia Population% Change in Virginias PopulationU.S. Population% Change in U.S. Pop.193019,852-3.52,421,8514.9123,202,66016.2194020,2912.22,677,77310.6132,165,1297.3195021,1474.23.318,68023.9151,325,79814.5196024,54916.13,966,94919.5179,323,17518.5197037,15051.34,648,49417.2203,211,92613.3198057,42754.65,346,81815.0226,545,80511.5199086,12950.06,187,35815.7248,709,8739.82000169,59996.97.078,51514.4281,421,90613.22010301,12777.68,001,02413.0308,745,5389.72020 (est.)409,90736.1------------

  • Loudouns GrowthTransportation & DevelopmentBuilt along the Loudoun-Fairfax border, Dulles International Airport opened in 1962. Source: http://www.metwashairports.com/dulles/661.htmBrambleton (pictured below) is one of many planned communities built in Loudoun since the 1960s, when Sterling Park was developed.

  • Map of the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

  • Loudouns Diverse Population, 2010Source: U.S. Census Bureau

    How does Loudoun Countys population compare with that of the United States overall? How is the county more or less diverse?

    CategoryLoudoun County% of Total Loudoun PopulationUnited States% of Total U.S. PopulationWhite194,84562.4223,553,26572.4Black21,9347.038,929,31912.6Hispanic/Latino38,57612.450,477,59416.3Asian45,79514.714,674,2524.8Native American1430.12,932,2480.9

  • Loudouns Wealthy Population*How does Loudoun Countys per capita and median household income compare to that of the Washington, D.C. metropolitan statistical area (MSA), the state of Virginia, and the United States as a whole?*What are some of the most important sources of Loudoun Countys wealth?

  • From SlaveryPoster advertising a slave sale in Waterford, March 1830. The image can be found on a page devoted to a chronicle of African American history in Loudoun: http://www.loudounhistory.org/history/african-american-chronology.htm

    Excerpts from Ann Tylers will, 1769:

    In the name of God Amen I Ann Tyler of Cameron Parish and County of Loudoun Widow being weake in body but of sound & perfect memory do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following,

    I give and devise to my Daughter Susanna Tyler & to the heirs of her body Lawfully begotten One Negro woman named Lettice & her increase excep the first child she shall bear hereafter which shall live to be eighteen months of age which I shall otherweys dispose of, and one featherbed which I have acquired in my widowhood.

  • to Civil Rights for AllPictured above: Photo of 1960 Douglass High School and Loudoun County High School yearbooks displayed side by side. The Washington Post website includes an article and video about 1960 graduates recalling segregated schooling in Loudoun County:http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/gallery/2010/10/26/GA2010102607658.htmlPictured Left: Symington Aquatic Center at Ida Lee Park in Leesburg opened in 2009, the first such integrated pool facility in Leesburg.Excerpt from Leesburg Today letter to the editor, May 2009, written by Gertrude Evans:

    Thank you Town of Leesburg for the opportunity for all to benefit from this much needed recreational opportunity [opening of Symington Aquatic Center], an opportunity which was denied to all of the Leesburg citizens back in the sixties, when the Firemans Pool was closed, because of my skin color and the skin color of my friends.