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  • Division 44 Environment and Infrastructure Sector Project Transport Policy Advice

    t

    Training Course: Non-motorised Transpor

  • Training Course on Non-motorised Transport

    Training Course

    Non-motorised Transport Findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed in this document are based on infor-mation gathered by GTZ and its consultants, partners, and contributors from reliable sources. GTZ does not, however, guarantee the accuracy or completeness of information in this document, and cannot be held responsible for any errors, omissions or losses which emerge from its use.

    Author: Walter Hook

    Editor: Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH P.O. Box 5180 D-65726 Eschborn, Germany http://www.gtz.de Division 44 Environment and Infrastructure Sector Project Transport Policy Advice

    Commissioned by Bundesministerium fr wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ) Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 40 D-53113 Bonn, Germany http://www.bmz.de

    Manager: Manfred Breithaupt

    Comments or feedback? We would welcome any of your comments or suggestions, on any aspect of the Training Course, by e-mail to transport@gtz.de, or by surface mail to: Manfred Breithaupt GTZ, Division 44 P.O. Box 5180 D-65726 Eschborn Germany

    Cover Photo: Carlos F. Pardo Bogot, Colombia 2004

    Layout: Stefan Nagelschmitt

    Eschborn, August 2005

    About the author

    Walter Hook received his PhD in Urban Planning from Columbia University in 1996. He has served as the Executive Director of the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) since 1994. He has also served as adjunct faculty at Columbia Universitys Graduate School of Urban Planning. ITDP is a non-governmental organization dedicated to encouraging and implementing environmentally sustainable transportation policies and projects in developing countries.

    Additional contributors This Module also contains chapters and material from:

    Oscar Diaz Michael King (Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates) Dr. Jrgen Heyen-Perschon (Africa Regional Director ITDP Europe) Roelof Wittink (Director Interface for Cycling Expertise, The Netherlands)

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  • Training Course on Non-motorised Transport

    5.1. Regulation of non-motorised vehicles and their importation ...... 25 Preliminary remarks.............................. 1

    5.2. Regulation of non-motorised vehicle operators ....................................... 26

    1. Benefits of a greater role for non-motorised transport ....................... 2

    5.3. Regulation of commercial non-motorised vehicle operation.......... 27

    5.4. Review questions .......................... 29 1.1. Advantages of non-motorised transport .......................................... 2

    1.2. Non-motorised transport: neglected by design......................................... 3

    6. Regulating the location of non-motorised vehicle use.................. 30

    1.3. Economic benefits of non-motorised transport .......................................... 4 6.1. Justificatons for restrictions on non-

    motorised vehicle access to some roads.............................................. 30

    1.4. Investments for the poor ................. 6 1.5. Increasing safety and health............ 7

    6.2. Basing non-motorised vehicle use restrictions on the road classification system ........................................... 33

    1.6. Review questions ............................ 9

    2. Social marketing and economic relevance of cycling..................... 10

    6.3. Should NMVs be required to use NMV facilities when they are provided ........................................ 37 2.1. Social marketing and demand

    orientation ..................................... 10 6.4. Determining what types of vehicles should have access to NMV facilities...................................................... 38

    2.2. Agenda setting of cycling ............. 10 2.3. Expanding the role of the urban

    NMT sector for job creation ......... 11 6.5. Determining right of way between motorised and non-motorised vehicles ......................................... 40

    2.4. Increase affordability of NMVs and use of NMVs for urban population12

    6.6. Recommandations......................... 41 6.7. Review questions .......................... 41 3. Non-motorised vehicles............... 13

    3.1. Improving non-motorised vehicle technology..................................... 13 7. Regulating the design of Non-motorised transport facilities...... 42 3.2. ITDPs improved Rickhaw-Technology Project in India.......... 14 7.1. Design standards and the law ....... 42

    7.2. Establishing a non-motorised transport planning and design process .......................................... 45

    4. Involving stakeholders and NMT related NGO's ............................... 17

    7.3. Design standards and design manuals ......................................... 46 4.1. User Participation ......................... 17

    4.2. What is a Bicycle User Group?..... 17 7.4. Design standardization versus design flexibility....................................... 48 4.3. Forming and maintaining a Bicycle

    User Group.................................... 20 7.5. Linking design standards to speed limits and the road hierarchy ........ 50 4.4. Liaising with city government ...... 21

    4.5. Involving the public ...................... 23 7.6. Summary....................................... 52 4.6. Expanding the focus and capacities

    of User Groups.............................. 23 7.7. Review questions .......................... 52

    8. Planning for non-motorised transport ....................................... 54 5. Regulation of non-motorised

    vehicles, their operation and use 25 8.1. Integrating non-motorised transport

    into transport master plans............ 54

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  • Training Course on Non-motorised Transport

    8.2. Project team and task force formation....................................... 56

    8.3. Selection of area to be improved .. 57 8.4. Review questions .......................... 57

    9. Data collection for and monitoring of non-motorised transport improvement................................. 58

    9.1. Overview....................................... 58 9.2. Review of existing institutional

    structures and NMT regulations ... 58 9.3. Assemble data on existing non-

    motorised travel ............................ 58 9.4. Review and compile information on

    major transportation infrastructure projects underway......................... 60

    9.5. Analyze the quality of existing facilities for non-motorised travel 61

    9.6. Documenting sidewalk conditions 61 9.7. Analyze the safety conditions for

    non-motorised travel ..................... 64 9.8. Monitoring NMT-Interventions.... 66

    10. Identifying the NMT network ....... 69 10.1. Indentifying the bicycle network .. 69 10.2. Pedestrian route analysis............... 71 10.3. Safety requirements for networks for

    cars and cyclists ............................ 73 10.4. Review questions .......................... 74

    11. Designing appropriate NMT facilities......................................... 75

    11.1. Overview of designing appropriate NMT facilities............................... 75

    11.2. Design based on roadway function75 11.3. Design based on safety ................. 77 11.4. Intersection design ........................ 78 11.5. Design resources ........................... 81 11.6. Review questions .......................... 82

    12. Local street design ...................... 83 12.1. Local street design ........................ 83 12.2. Parking control.............................. 83 12.3. Pedestrian zones............................ 84 12.4. Traffic calming and post traffic

    calming ......................................... 86 12.5. Review questions .......................... 87

    13. NMT facilities on highways and primary arterials ........................... 88

    13.1. Primary arterials............................ 88 13.2. Crossing facilities ......................... 88 13.3. Review questions .......................... 89

    14. Mixed use or secondary arterial NMT design................................... 90

    14.1. Integrating NMT on Mixed Use or Secondary Arterials ...................... 90

    14.2. Wide curb lanes and non-physically separated NMV lanes.................... 91

    14.3. Physically separated or partially separated NMV lanes.................... 92

    14.4. Review questions .......................... 93

    15. Advice on how to achieve implementation............................. 94

    15.1. Overcoming political, technical and cultural barriers ............................. 94

    15.2. Political commitment.................... 96 15.3. Cost, and time frame for

    implementation ............................. 97 15.4. Financing NMT infrastructure...... 97 15.5. Technical assistence and support.. 98 15.6. Review questions .......................... 98

    16. Further resources......................... 99 16.1. Publications................................... 99 16.2. Websites...................................... 104

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  • Training Course on Non-motorised Transport

    Preliminary remarks Since this training material has to be seen as integral part of GTZs publications on sustainable urban transport (see Sustainable Transport: A Sourcebook for Policy-makers in Developing Cities, and further training material on subjects such as Mass Transit and Bus Regulation and Planning) special reference is made on Module 1a of the Sourcebook The Role of Transport in Urban Development Policy. Mod