The Italian Renaissance: Art

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The Italian Renaissance: Art. Medieval Art. Fusion of different styles Roman ideas (techniques of sculpture lost) Christian ideas Church richest, most powerful institution in Medieval world Had the money to support artists throughout Medieval period - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Italian Renaissance: Art

Medieval ArtFusion of different stylesRoman ideas (techniques of sculpture lost)Christian ideasChurch richest, most powerful institution in Medieval worldHad the money to support artists throughout Medieval periodNorthern European Barbarian artistic tradition (Celtic, Germanic)Byzantine (iconography)Much of the non-religious medieval art is lost to usNo concept of preserving art outside of church

Medieval Painting: Major StylesByzantine (iconography)Portrayed people as expressionless / blank eyesFlat, two dimensional figures (unrealistic)Human body was considered sinful; it had to be covered at all timesFocus wasnt on the individual but rather the celebration of GodIlluminated ManuscriptsBook where text is supplemented by addition of decoration (initial letters, borders, etc)Style was based on animal imagery, combined with an intricate interlacing of geometric linesCreated and drawn by monks, priests

Illuminated Bible page (closeup)St. Francis Rule ApprovedGiotto (1288-92?)Tempera (egg yolk mixed with pigment) on wood and ground goldQuestionsGlowing head?Realistic?Depth perception?

Medieval Art: Religious Themes

The Epiphany Giotto 1320 Tempera on wood and ground gold.QuestionsGlowing head?Depth?Medieval Art: Religious ThemesThe CrucifixionGiotto (1305)Tempera on wood andground gold.QuestionsRealism?Glowing heads?Depth?

Medieval Art: Religious ThemesCharacteristics of Italian Renaissance Art1. Bright colors & oil paints (change in material used)

2. Focus on realismNatural poses were life-like, realistic (like the GREEKS!)Showed personality & emotion in the art

Expulsion fromthe GardenMasaccio1427First nudes sinceclassical times

Perspective (Della Pittura Alberti) Use of perspective (horizon line, vanishing point) Shadowing created illusion of depth Made items in background smallerLamentation Over the Dead Christ, Andre Mantegna (1481)

NotesRealistic?

Perspective?

Perspective!Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael150410

Compare & Contrast Perspective4. ClassicismObvious Greco-Roman influenceIndividualism (free standing figures)Symmetry/BalanceStatue of HabacucDonatello (1423-25)

12

School of Athens - Raphael5. Emphasis on Individualism

Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Duchess of Urbino (Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466)146. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures

The Dreyfus Madonna with the PomegranateLeonardo da Vinci (1469)The figure as architecture!15Raphaels Canagiani Madonna, 1507

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Where was the Renaissance taking place?Renaissance Florence

18Lorenzo the Magnificent

1449-1492Grandson of CosimoRuled Florence, 1469 to deathPatron to Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli

Cosimo de Medici1389-1464Medici bank = base of powerTook over Florence, 1433Patron to Brunelleschi, others19

Adoration of the MagiEntire Medicifamily shown

Who are the magi?

Who is in farright, lookingat viewers?Brunelleschis Dome

21Filippo Brunelleschi1377 - 1436

Architect, sponsored by Cosimo MediciWon contest to design the dome of St. Mariadel Fiore (cathedral)

22Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1436)Won competition to design dome for new Cathedral in FlorenceBefore starting, he travelled around Italy for inspirationUsed the ancient Romans architectural conceptsParthenon, in RomeUsed ribs to support dome

23Brunelleschi Architect

Built lightweight innerdome, then exterior domeof wind resistant material

Dimensions: 137 feet acrossWeight: 40,785 tons containingover four million bricksTime to construct: 16 yearsDome Comparisons Il DuomoSt. Peters St. Pauls US Capitol (Florence) (Rome)(London) (Washington)

25Renaissance Religious Themes

Madonna and Child

Madonna and Child, Fra Filippo Lippi 1406-1469Emotion of face -she looks like a real mother - tired, worn down

School of Athens-RaphaelPainting of Platos Academy, w/ many ancient scholars shownPlato and Aristotle on either side of center axisPlato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldviewAristotle gestures to ground to show his concern with the real worldRaphael on extreme rightFigures grouped and placed on purpose

Aristotle:pointing to theearth [thehere andnow].Plato:pointing to theheavens [or the IDEALrealm].The School of Athens Raphael, details29\

Euclid

SocratesDetails, School of Athens

MichelangeloDetails, School of AthensRaphaelLeonardo da VinciStudy of Hands

Study of the Gradations of shadowsSelf portrait

HelicopterParachuteVitruvian ManNotebook page(written backwards!)

Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his NotebookMachine gunTankHelicopter34Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology):Pages from his Notebook

An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.35Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): from his Notebook

36

Mona LisaLisa di Antonio Maria GherandiniMona - Italian version of Madonna or my lady

A Macaroni Mona38Mona Lisa da Vinci, 1503-4

?39

A Picasso Mona40

An Andy Warhol Mona41Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??

42

Original, nowThe Last SupperWhat original might have looked like

horizontalverticalPerspective!The Last Supper - da Vinci, 149844A Da Vinci Code:St. John or Mary Magdalene?

45

Michelangelo

The Pieta

David

15c16cWhat

a

difference

a

century

makes!49

The Sistine Chapel The Sistine Chapel DetailsThe Creation of the Heavens

51The Sistine Chapel DetailsCreation of Man

52The Sistine Chapel Details

The Last Judgment53

The End