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  • SMUGGLING VIA LITHUANIAN EU EXTERNAL BORDER

    CURRENT SITUATION, TRENDS,

    COUNTERACTIONS

    Brussels

    2013-04-23

  • Outline of the presentation

    • Threats of cigarette smuggling

    • Results of the fight against smuggling • Are there any side effects of the efficient fight against cigarette smuggling?

    • How do we deal with the threats

    • How to enhance cooperation at the EU Eastern Borders

    • Ideas for further improvement, counteractions

  • Counterfeit cigarettes from

    China From the Russian

    Federation

    From Kaliningrad Region

    Smuggling and illegal transportation routes

    Reduced quantities of seized cigarettes “Jin

    Ling“

    From Republic of Belarus

    Increased number of seized cigarettes

    produced in Belorussia

  • Price differences between the EU and third countries is the accelerator of smuggling

    Cigarette smuggling is among the most lucrative types of smuggling. Having acquired legitimately manufactured tobacco products in the third countries (predominantly Belarus and Russia) and having illegally sold them on the EU market generated profits reach up to 1 000 % .

  • Results of the fight against smuggling

    • Cigarettes seized by Lithuanian Customs: - 211 million cigarettes seized in 2010 - 112 million cigarettes seized in 2011 - 168 million cigarettes seized in 2012 • 2 large scale organized criminal groups were detected and arrested

    in 2011 by the Customs Criminal Service; • 70 tons of raw tobacco seized in 2011

  • 6

    • 12 special operations conducted

    • 9 pretrial investigations commenced in Lithuanian, 3 pretrial investigations commenced in other countries (Belarus, Germany and Poland)

    • ~ 90 000 000 pieces of smuggled cigarettes (Jin Ling, Viceroy, Imperial Classic) seized

    • 50 persons of the said criminal group have been prosecuted for cigarette smuggling and possession of the latter in Lithuania, Poland and Germany

    • 8 customs officers are officially suspected of bribery

    • Investigations in Lithuania, Poland and Germany were coordinated by OLAF

    Example

    In 2009-2011 Customs Criminal Service conducted a covert

    investigation on cigarette smuggling from the third countries

    to the customs territory of the European Union.

  • Side effects of the efficiency • Effects of the investments into the fight against cigarette

    smuggling: - the fight becomes more efficient - more cigarettes are seized - more investigations are initiated - spending increases at the national level • Seized cigarettes are different from other types of seized

    goods, cigarettes have to be destroyed • More seized cigarettes = more spending for customs

    (transportation, warehousing, destruction, overtime pay) • 695.088 euro is the annual spending of Lithuanian Customs

    for maintenance of the “F type” warehouse

  • To be deployed

    in 2013

    Since January, 2012

    Since July, 2012

    To be deployed

    in 2013

  • CUSTOMS OFFICER LAN

    SERVER (BLACK LIST)

    CUSTOMS OFFICER

    http://images.google.lt/imgres?imgurl=http://www.freeclipartnow.com/d/42986-2/traffic-light-red.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.freeclipartnow.com/transportation/traffic-lights/&usg=__ad9WxA2c1dwqmSf9X-OlooRrITs=&h=200&w=174&sz=6&hl=lt&start=9&tbnid=QjOZF6aS6FmU7M:&tbnh=104&tbnw=90&prev=/images?q=TRAFFIC+LIGHT+RED&gbv=2&hl=lt

  • COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES

    AT NATIONAL LEVEL. JOINT CRIMINAL

    INTELLIGENCE AND RISK ANALYSIS

    Border Guards Customs

    Police

    COMMONLY SHARED: national data basis;

    electronic tools for risk analysis,

    early warning and identification

    of concrete targets; daily incident reports

    Financial Crime

    Investigation

    Service

    A Permanent Task Force of the National Law Enforcement Authorities

    under the coordination of the Governmental Commission

    Customs is the coordinating Authority in fight against Illegal distribution and smuggling of excise goods

  •  Regional Joint Customs operations VIA BALTICA

    is a part of the development of cooperation between customs services of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland in the fight against smuggling of tobacco products

     Baltic Sea Task Force

    on organised crime a platform for facilitating cooperation of Law Enforcement agencies fighting organised crime in the Baltic Sea Region (including Russia, EUROPOL, Commission)  Interlinked Numberplates recognition

    systems of Baltic states customs (2013) common database of vehicles number plates and container codes, possibility to trigger the alarm independent of where the border (external or internal) is being crossed and to receive InfoAlerts on on-line basis

    E67

  • COOPERATION AT EU AND INTERNATIONAL LEVEL

    OTHER LA AUTHORITIES CUSTOMS

    WCO

    Customs

    LOs

    Police,

    Immigration

    LOs

    CCWP

    DG TAXUD

    DG HOME

    DG HOME

    https://www.europol.europa.eu/

  • Finalizing remarks

    • Main factors contributing to the efficiency of the fight against smuggling: - human resources - equipment - IT solutions (software & hardware) - national, regional and international cooperation - financial resources • There are two different types of the customs activities in the fight

    against smuggling: - customs controls at the borders and inside the territory - investigations, surveillances, undercover operations

    • To increase the efficiency of the fight against smuggling customs administration needs:

    -to increase the number of equipment, regularly update the equipment and IT; -to enhance customs cooperation with EU Member States and third countries; -to increase the number and capacity of staff, to train and motivate the staff, to increase resistance to corruption; -to ensure sufficient funding for the increasing administration costs.

  • Ideas for further improvement,

    counteractions

    • Specialized funding program dedicated for acquisition of customs control equipment (also sharing maintenance costs), which would grant the funding based on EU-wide equipment gap analysis and threat assessment

    • Specially allocated financing of campaigns dedicated to raise social awareness and intolerance to contraband and usage of smuggled goods

  • Thank you for your attention

    Vygantas Paigozinas

    Deputy Director General

    Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania