Renaissance Politics The Tudors and beyond. Henry VII Henry Tudor took the throne in 1485 He had two sons, Arthur and Henry Arranged for Arthur to marry.

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Renaissance Politics The Tudors and beyond Slide 2 Henry VII Henry Tudor took the throne in 1485 He had two sons, Arthur and Henry Arranged for Arthur to marry Catherine of Aragon (Spain) Question? Why would he do this? Slide 3 Henry VII cont Arthur died very soon after the marriage Henry 7 then has Pope annul the marriage so that his other son can marry Catherine and sustain the alliance Slide 4 The King dies After the death of Henry 7, his younger son Henry VIII takes the throne. (Remember, this is the one who married his dead brothers wife) Henry and Catherine are good Catholics and reign together for many years They have a daughter, Mary Slide 5 Henry VIII In 1517, Martin Luther publicly challenges the Catholic Church with his 95 thesis This creates a schism in the church, and a group known as the Protestants split off (Get it, PROTESTant) Slide 6 Henry has problems Henry and Catherine failed to produce a male heir (actually, Henry does not see himself as part of the problem and accuses HER of not being able to) BIG PROBLEM! He cannot get divorced according to the Catholic Church However, Mary grows up Catholic as her mother remains part of the faith So Slide 7 Its good to be king! he starts his own church in 1534 Called The Church of England Also known as the ANGLICAN church Question: Why Anglican? Slide 8 Now it gets complicated Henry divorces Catherine and has her put away Marries Anne Boleyn Has a daughter, Elizabeth No good because she isnt a boy Henry accuses Anne of adultery and has her beheaded Elizabeth grows up Anglican Slide 9 Next victimI mean wife Jane Seymour Produces an heir, Edward Dies soon after from complications of childbirth Slide 10 Wife #4 Marries the German, Anne of Cleves No children Divorces her and has her put away Slide 11 Wife #5 Marries the VERY young Catherine Howard Accuses her of adultery and has her beheaded Slide 12 Last but not least Marries Catherine Parr No children He dies Slide 13 Summary of 6 marriages: Divorced, beheaded, died Divorced, beheaded, survived 1 male heir 2 females Slide 14 Edward Little Edward is declared King of England He is too young to rule alone, so advisors rule for him He dies of a consumptive disease Question:Now what? Slide 15 Mary Catherine and Henrys daughter Mary takes the throne Now, the country officially reverts to Catholicism Bloody Mary earns her nicknames by having thousands of Protestants executed for not following Catholic principles Slide 16 Elizabeth After Mary dies disappointed, bitter, and childless, her hated half-sister Elizabeth takes the throne Country reverts back to Anglican, though Elizabeth does not persecute Catholics Queen Elizabeth I is remembered as one of Englands strongest rulers. Question: Do you see the irony in this? </p>

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