Refrigeration Magazine - May 2016

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The May 2016 issue of Refrigeration Magazine focuses on trucking in the packaged ice industry and how to maintain your fleet

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  • KEEP ON TRUCKINGAnd The Issues That Go With It

    MAY 2016

    +SIE Enjoys A Great Meeting

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 3

    13

    6 21

    25

    23LEAD FEATURE - TRUCKING

    13 Thousands of truck drivers tell us how to attract and retain drivers

    14 8 ideas to find and keep drivers

    INDUSTRY EVENTSSIE enjoys successful meeting

    8 Raymond South honored as Hall of Famer

    ALTERNATIVE REFRIGERANTS IN MERCHANDISERSThe Case for R-290

    CONVENTION CALENDAR

    MAINTENANCE TIPSMerchandiser Maintenance

    FIND OUT MORE AT refrigeration-magazine.com OR CONNECT WITH US AT facebook.com/refrigeration-magazine

    Table ofCONTENTS

    DEPARTMENTSspICE The Last Mile 4AD INDEX A list of our advertisers 26CLASSIFIED ADS Classified advertisements by region 26

    FEATURES

    EDITORIAL STAFF

    Mary Y. CronleyEditor/Publisherrefrigerationmag@gmail.com(404) 819-5446

    Joe CronleySenior Staff Writercronley.joe@gmail.com(404) 295-5712

    Markurious Marketing GroupArt Directioninfo@markurious.com(678) 439-6534

    ADVERTISING, SUBSCRIPTIONS, ACCOUNTS

    Mary Y. CronleyEditor/Publisherrefrigerationmag@gmail.com(404) 819-5446

    Established as ICE in 1906, Refrigeration Magazine is published thirteen times a year, including the Annual Buyer's Guide.

    Postmaster: Send notice by form 3579 to:Refrigeration Magazine260 Lakeview Ridge EastRoswell, GA 30076

    Annual Subscriptions: US: $49/year or $79/two yearsInternational: $79/year

    Single Copies: $6/copy

    Copyright 2016 by REFRIGERATION Magazine. All rights reserved.

    May 2016Vol. 199 No. 6ISSN #0034-3137

    1323

    6

  • 4 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    The Last MileIn the Internet business, the slowest part is called the last mile.

    A company can lay fiber optic cable down main street, install state of the art transmission points, and create a network fast enough to handle a stock market. If your house is too far from the main line, though, you may not get the best hookup. Your kids will complain that with all ten of their devices going at the same time, they had to wait ten seconds to watch their besties Vine. That is intolerable.

    The last mile is that part between the super high speed line and the point where service is actually needed. Its the part the customer has to pay for directly, has to get their yard dug up or building wired, and its the last bit to get finished.

    You have a last mile too. You may have a brand new plant this year, all shiny stainless steel, a first-in-first-out bottom feed bin system, a row of state of the art form fill and seal packaging machines and an automatic palletizer. Your freezer room is squeaky clean, and your software makes sure loadouts match customers every time.

    Your customer will probably never see that plant that you invested so heavily in. After the regional buyer checks to see that you have a food quality plan in place, you may never have a conversation about it. If its 5:30 on Friday afternoon and your driver snaps at a store manager, though, you will hear about it.

    Your driver, and the vehicle with your name on it, is your last mile. They are what represents the entirety of your company to the store level people.

    Now is the time to make sure your last mile is as solid as your plant and equipment. Well-maintained, clean trucks (outside and in) will present your best self. Uniformed drivers whose appearance is enforced will be listened to differently than slobs.

    Consider customer service skills in your hiring practices, and do some customer service training for your drivers. You dont have to hire a trainer or consultant. Spend a couple of hours on YouTube and pick two or three simple videos you think theyll watch. Quiz them on it. Come up with some standard responses for your most likely store level issues: breakage, merchandiser condition, out of stocks, whatever are your real world issues.

    This is the only time you will get, and this is the cheapest way you have to improve your brand to the people who see it every day. In this business, the last thing trucking is about is the truck. What its really about is how that driver treats the people who deal with your end consumer.

    Nows the time to make sure that last mile, the distance from your back door to the inside of the store, is as carefully and cleanly executed as the product you make.

    Happy Reading!

    Mary Yopp CronleyEditor, Refrigeration Magazine

    spICE

    "Now is the time to make sure your 'last mile' is as solid as your plant and equipment. Well-maintained, clean trucks (outside and in) will present your best self."

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 5

  • With a great crowd, sunny, warm and breezy weather, and an educational program on tap, Southern Ice Exchange celebrated its 127th year as an association with a convention, March 30 April 2 at the Westin Cape Coral, Fla.

    Sean Odom, Ice Plant Inc., was elected President, succeeding Gary Bloodworth, Tennessee Valley Ice. Other officers are listed on page 9.

    Tommy Sedler, Home City Ice and current IPIA Chairman, updated the group on the IPIAs work for the ice industry, including PIQCS (Packaged Ice Quality Control Standards) and FSMA (Food Safety Modernization Act). Tommy said his philosophy is to work hard for what you deserve, and his track record as a successful family business entrepreneur is testimony to this. More on Tommys longtime involvement within the industry will be forthcoming in Refrigeration Magazine (RM).

    Gary Bloodworth led several important Round Table topic discussions, including why there is so much driver turnover. It was brought up that CDL truck drivers are hard to find. Some of the reasons for that, and an overview on CDL training (or lack thereof) is written about elsewhere in this months issue.

    Scott Steward is a commercial truck driver. Six years ago, he says he went to a Lees Summit company and within two

    Workplace SafetyIndustry Events

    SIE ENJOYS SUCCESSFUL MEETING

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 7

    days and a mere four hours behind the wheel was able to get a commercial license to drive a semi.

    He now says that route to get his commercial drivers license or CDL was a mistake.

    "Its not safe, its not safe at all, said Steward. "Youve got a lot of inexperienced drivers out there that dont know how to handle something that large.

    A new rule proposal would set a federal standard for behind-the-wheel training for commercial truck drivers.

    A new rule proposed by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration would require a minimum of 30 hours behind the wheel training to get a Class A commercial drivers license to drive the big rigs. That time includes a minimum of 10 hours operating the truck on a practice driving range.

    Suppliers Leer and Polar Temp led a keen and informative forum on merchandisers and the EPA changes. Polar Temp and Leer have taken the initiative in meeting the challenges of 404 being phased out, and taking the lead on getting in front of the challenges as it pertains to merchandisers.

    Brian Dallman, engineer with Polar Temp brought up the Emersons E360 Forum from which hed just returned, and learned the Freon regulations for inside the merchandisers.

    The average age of service technicians is now 54 years old, so theres a great need for educating, training, and creating career opportunities in the refrigeration industry for younger generations.

    Karl Katuin, engineer with Leer, gave us all a class and lesson on Alternative Refrigerant Terminology. He said, 513A seems to be the most efficient replacement. But there is very little training for handling refrigerants.

  • 8 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    He also spoke on the life expectancy of the foam-in merchandisers. Look for bags half melted at the bottom of the box to tell you how its holding up, he said.

    More on this important topic will be found elsewhere in this issue, and in addition, Leer and Polar Temp will be providing a regular column on keeping up with merchandiser adaptation to EPA and DOE (Dept. of Energy) challenges.

    Merchandiser maintenance was also on the agenda. Topics covered on this were: Cosmetic fixes; costs to refurbish newer versus seasoned boxes; adding texture or prints to hide dents and flaws; taking off compressors and scrapping the parts; diamond plating down low where the big dents are; taking the doors off, cutting them to fit the bottom

    to make a new floor; converting inside merchandisers to outside merchandisers; evaluating the cost of refurbishing on a spreadsheet to keep as part of your companys balance sheet; and tips for moving merchandisers.

    Andy Harman, Harman Ice, led a Town Hall meeting on Insurance flood, health, workers comp, depreciation, debt reduction and rent, cost of distribution, and the challenges of hourly to salaried employees. The comment was made that theres very little motivation with the hourly labor force, and a much higher motivation and return on the commissioned employees.

    He also discussed new versus used trucks. When he asked, How many of you have new trucks? most of those in attendance raised their hands.

    Obviously the cost is higher, initially, with new trucks, but you would save on maintenance, theres less downtime and loss income. But again, insurance is higher, fuel costs could be an issue and your route density needs to be measured. One in attendance said his happiest and most productive drivers are, of course, the ones who get to drive the new trucks.

    RM will be elaborating on the good topics covered at the SIE and all the regional conventions in future magazine issues.

    One well-deserved honor came to Raymond South, Keith Manufacturing, as he was presented the SIE Hall of Fame Award. Raymond is loved immensely in the ice industry, and has worked his career for the betterment of it. Congratulations, Raymond!

    In addition to being inducted into the SIE Hall of Fame, Raymond South celebrates another milestone this spring. This May marks 20 years with KEITH Mfg. Co., where he has spent time getting to know friends and customers alike in the ice industry.

    When KEITH first entered the ice market with its WALKING FLOOR storage and conveying bins, Raymond was tapped by then sales manager, Mark Beason, to help build a customer base. The goal was to sell this new piece of equipment to an industry unfamiliar with the technology.

    Mark and I took this machine and started pushing it, said Raymond. With the help of Automatic Ice Systems, we were able to sell the first bin to Arctic Ice of St. Louis, Missouri. That was 19 years ago and Raymond hasnt looked back.

    His service in the ice industry reaches beyond sales. Raymond has served as chair of the International Packaged Ice Associations membership committee, as well as sat on the boards or served as a supplier representative for several of the regional ice associations.

    Raymonds been a southern gentleman from the start. He grew up in Columbus, Georgia, and then attended South Georgia College on a football scholarship where he played under renowned coach Bobby Bowden. From there, Raymond attended Auburns School of Textiles, which led him to a career in industrial sales. Today, Raymond resides in Alabama with his lovely wife Kathryn.

    sie hall of fame recipient RAYMOND SOUTH CELEBRATES 20 YEARS WITH KEITH

    Workplace SafetyIndustry Events

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 9

    Sean Odom, Ice Plant Inc. ................................................ President(succeeding Gary Bloodworth, Tennessee Valley Ice)

    David Bryant, The Ice Man ........................................Vice President Dawn Ladd, Southern Ice Exchange ..............Secretary/TreasurerCharlotte Maginnis, Leer .......................... Supplier Representative BOARD OF DIRECTORS Jody Botner, Corbin Ice; Phillip Brasher, Modern Ice; Patty Franklin, Polar Temp; Howard Mackie, Zippy Ice

    SIE ELECTED OFFICERS

  • 10 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    Industry UpdateWorkplace SafetyIndustry Events

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 11

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  • 12 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    Family Business

    2016 KEITH Mfg. Co. All Rights Reserved.

    KEITH can handle it.KEITH Mfg. Co.1.800.547.6161

    Low Maintenance Higher Quality Ice No Ice BuildupTrue FIFO Rotation Horizontal Metering Vertical CombBuilt to Last Superior by Design

    When you go home for the night, the last thing you want to do is worry about what is going on at the ice plant. Used as a surge bin, the KEITH Ice Storage &

    optimizing run time for the ice machine and by storing ice for processing during work hours.

    ice storage & metering systems

    The Ultimate Babysitter

    Bins are built to last using the best FDA approved food grade materials and are driven by reliable WALKING FLOOR technology.

    Workplace SafetyIndustry Events

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 13

    Editor

    's Note

    How do I attract drivers? In a survey recently published by National Retail Systems Inc., it's no surprise that 79 percent of the thousands of drivers polled nationwide agreed that salary was most important when choosing a job. But that's not all...

    As a truck driver what most attracts you to a job?

    David Bullins, NRS east coast recruitment officer for truck driver jobs, said, It used to be that regional and long-haul drivers were making better money, but now with the new hours of service they are required to have more downtime.

    That downtime ultimately means less money so drivers are now making the push to become local drivers instead. Since drivers cannot run like they used to home-time has now become a higher priority, said Bullins.

    Focus on retention.Respondents said that low pay, lack of respect and not enough home time are reasons why drivers leave the industry.

    Companies are spending thousands if not millions of dollars per year towards advertising truck driver jobs instead of addressing some of the root causes of the truck driver shortage, says Chris Saville, NRS marketing director.

    Where do drivers go to find truck driving jobs?

    Lead FeatureMost of the CDL driving jobs are for over the road truckers, and you may be directly competing with these companies for drivers. Packaged ice has one overwhelming advantage over these

    jobs, though. In survey after survey, drivers cite their number one complaint about their jobs as not enough home time. You can offer

    something that almost no over the road company can: being home every single night. A successful hiring strategy should emphasize this fact.

    THOUSANDS OF TRUCK DRIVERS TELL US HOW TOAttract and Retain Drivers

    by Liz Wallace, Driving Ambition, a CDL Staffing Company

    SALARY 79%

    HOME TIME 67%

    BENEFITS 52%

    NEW EQUIPMENT 47%

    LOCATION 36%

    TYPE OF RUN 32%

    COMPANY REPUTATION 31%

    SIGN-ON BONUS 13%

    TRAINING 11%

    NOT SURE 2%

    Internet 79%

    Newspaper/Magazine 4%

    Referral 11% Other 3%

    Hiring Fair 1%

    Flyers 1%

    Truck Stop 1%

  • 14 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    ICE

    Lead Feature

    FROM DRIVER PAY TO PREDICTIVE ANALYTIC TECHNOLOGY TO YOUR COMPANY'S ONLINE PRESENCE, WE COVER MANY OF THE ISSUES FACING COMPANIES IN OUR THREE-PART SERIES ON DRIVER RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION.

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 15

    henever there's a panel discussion about driver turnover and the

    coming driver shortage, low pay is always pointed to as a culprit. Yet when it comes to making drivers happy, pay often takes a backseat to the bigger picture.

    Driver pay does not seem to be as important a factor in drivers wanting to stick around as does the total work environment. That includes not only pay, but also benefits, work/life balance, professional development and more.

    And for all of that, the impetus comes from the top.

    The number one thing that seems to make a difference is having an actively engaged executive team, says Mark Murrell, president of CarriersEdge, a driver training company that publishes an annual Best Fleets to Drive For report based on driver feedback.

    That doesn't mean just having a vague open door policy, either. Meet drivers during orientation, show up at their driver meetings, get to know as many as possible by name, and foster a culture that respects drivers.

    Following are nine ideas gleaned from CarriersEdge and several fleets that enjoy low turnover on some of the best ways to find and keep drivers.

    Before you embark on a revamp of your bonus system, take the time to find out what drivers really want. They might surprise you.

    MCS, for instance, has a driver liaison team elected by other drivers. We talk to them about new routes, new runs that are coming up. They help us devise incentive plans, and how they should be paid for bonus plans, Tuttle says, among other things.

    You'd be surprised at the number of companies we talk to that don't do any active asking of their drivers, whether it's a formal or informal way, says Murrell. Those companies that do are the ones that have much higher driver satisfaction rates.

    If you survey drivers and act on their suggestions, drivers will begin to feel very quickly that their voices are being heard.

    Everyone agrees driver pay isn't what it should be, so progressive fleets are developing more sophisticated pay packages that reward drivers for behaviors that improve the company's bottom line.

    There's got to be more to it than just so much a mile, says Keith Tuttle, owner of Motor Carrier Service Inc. of Toledo, Ohio, which has been in the Truckload Carriers Association's top 20 list of Best Fleets to Drive For three years in a row and has a turnover rate of about 30%.

    There's a direct correlation between the guys that we consider our most professional, most dependable drivers the guys that get the best fuel mileage, the guys that do their pretrips, the guys we never have maintenance issues with, the guys

    that leave early and anticipate they may have a problem on the road and how much they take home every week, he says. As a result, the top 25% of MCS drivers take home more than $63,000 a year. MCS is an over the road company, and their pay rates will differ greatly from a local fleet.

    Sometimes more pay isn't as important as more predictable pay. Ryder Dedicated says its ability to offer more predictable pay levels is part of its appeal to drivers. Some of our locations have a tough time when they're close to the oil and gas activities that have higher wages, but we've also seen about half the drivers want to come back within a few months, notes Ryder Dedicated Vice President Steve Martin. While the pay might sound great, it's not always there on a consistent basis.

    1. PAY SMARTER

    2. ASK DRIVERS WHAT THEY WANT

  • 18 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    Lead Feature

    If you foster unrealistic expectations among new hires, they aren't going to stick around long, and you're back to square one plus you'll have former drivers spreading bad word-of-mouth about your company.

    Your interview process should include realistic expectations of number of stops, length of workday, your companys seasonality, and what a driver can expect to make. Especially as high season looms, drivers quitting can start a domino chain falling through your whole company. Giving them the tough news up front can lower that likelihood.

    4. don't sugarcoat the job

    Orientation needs to be about more than making sure new drivers are familiar with procedures, rules and regulations. It's your chance to show new hires that they're going to be treated with respect at your company and for them to get face-to-face with the people they will be dealing with on a regular basis.

    At Paramount, managers have lunch with a new driver as part of orientation to get to know them on a personal level. At MCS, they meet everyone they'll be dealing with, including spending half a day with the maintenance manager.

    And don't let that introductory period end after orientation. Most turnover happens during the first 60 to 90 days. That's why some fleets are pairing up new drivers with experienced mentors for that initial period. Many packaged ice producers include riding as a helper as part of the training process, but make sure that you pay a new hire whos already a CDL driver enough to keep them through this period.

    At Paramount Fleet Services, every new driver has a buddy who can help with the paperwork process, who knows the managers and can help the newbie understand the ins and outs of everything to do with the company. It gives the new driver another voice other than operations, and gives both the new driver and mentor a sense of belonging, says Trent Dye, PFS director.

    More and more fleets are offering programs to help drivers become healthier, gym memberships, healthy eating and weight-loss programs, health screenings and the like. While there are many reasons for this, some fleets believe this evidence of caring about the driver helps boost retention.

    5. ASK DRIVERS WHAT THEY WANT

    6. FOSTER DRIVER HEALTH

    Make the most of online recruiting tools, including your own website and social media efforts.

    Evaluators for the Best Fleets to Drive For contest look at a nominated fleet's online presence before they even set up an interview or do driver surveys.

    We can start looking at that online presence and get a flavor of what the company is all about, says Murrell. Is their Facebook just a constant stream of ads, or is it really a community? What kind of pictures are posted, and what kind of discussions are happening? Is it a one-way thing, or is there open discussion between the drivers and the company? I think it's interesting how much you can learn about a company by spending five minutes with their Facebook page.

    Paramount Freight System, Jeffersonville, Ohio, has had good success using Facebook to recruit owner-operators, including using contests and driver referrals.

    This could work particularly well for packaged ice, as your social media presence is part of your customer relationship. Drivers are key to this relationship, so if your social media includes them and shows them as part of the team, it can make you a more attractive employer.

    3. USE THE INTERNET

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 19

    We have a saying around here: Don't go out of here on Monday morning with an unresolved issue, says Tuttle at Motor Carrier Service. It's like a pimple on your backside by Wednesday or Thursday, it's a boil.

    At Jet Express, Kevin Burch says new drivers are told in orientation, If you don't like what you see or if there's a problem with your truck, you need to communicate that back to us because management can't read your mind. You are an important part of the company, don't quit before saying something.

    Murrell at CarriersEdge notes that you may discover some problems that need to be addressed when you do driver surveys, and he compares dealing with some of these to cutting out a cancer. Nothing can make a driver leave faster than a bad decision that isn't rectified, a cancer that isn't being removed, he says. If there's a problem that isn't getting solved, the driver's going to be thinking about that day after day and feel there's no resolution at the company.

    7. TAKE CARE OF PROBLEMS PROMPTLY

    There are lots of good ideas out there for ways to improve the driver environment. But don't take the approach of throwing lots of different programs up against the wall to see what sticks.

    In the Best Fleets to Drive For program, CarriersEdge discovered many companies have a large number of good driver programs but drivers don't know about them. Murrell recommends you target a small number of programs that fit with your company's culture and mission.

    Fleets are finding they can use the data they collect on driver performance in their retention efforts. It can be used to measure driver performance on fuel economy, safe driving or other metrics, with top drivers getting incentives or bonuses.

    And a few large fleets are going beyond that with predictive modeling. This type of data analytics lets fleets not only identify the drivers most likely to have an accident before it occurs, but also those drivers most likely to leave.

    In the last six to 12 months, I think retention has become more important than safety, says Chris Orban, FleetRisk Advisors, which offers predictive analytics. Of course they really work hand in hand, since hiring and retaining the right drivers will improve safety. Predictive modeling can help identify a driver who is

    Something we found out really makes a difference is figuring out what the company is all about, he says. There are some companies that may have a wellness program or a bonus program they're very committed to, and they tend to do a lot better than fleets that try to be everything to everyone. You try to do too many things, and you end up not doing anything."

    having problems so managers can have a conversation with that driver and address the problem.

    Orban explains that the models use data on drivers who have left the company in the past and tries to find key indicators. We want to know everything about the driver. We want to know their route, the hours they work, their total pay, their net, if they have a change in federal tax withholding.

    Wait a minute. Federal tax withholding? Such changes may indicate a major life change such as a marriage, a divorce, a death in the family, a new child or a dependent leaving the household.

    Will this lead to problems with the driver? I don't know, but now you can talk with that driver to find out if there is a problem, Orban says.

    8. don't try to do it all

    Using predictive analytics for recruiting and retention

  • 20 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 21

    Hot Topics

    T he viability of propane (R-290) as a refrigerant is a recurring topic of debate in the commercial refrigeration and air conditioning industries. In light of the EPAs recent refrigerant delisting ruling, its a discussion thats likely to return to the forefront.

    While the United States has been especially hesitant to adopt R-290, it has gained wider acceptance in Europe, where environmental concerns and stricter regulations are driving the adoption of more eco-friendly alternatives. R-290s true properties and characteristics are largely unknown to those outside the industry, leading to common misconceptions among the public. The purpose of this article is to present an unbiased evaluation of R-290 and establish a factual baseline of understanding.

    A Long History in RefrigerationR-290 is a hydrocarbon that was introduced into the refrigeration industry in the early 1900s. Like other natural refrigerants, it was used through the 1930s until it was replaced by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Since the 2000s, R-290 has been regaining popularity in a wide range of applications. With its increase in capacity and low global warming potential (GWP), R-290 has emerged as an alternative to hydrofluoro-carbons (HFCs) like R-404A and HFC-134a.

    Global regulatory actions to ban high-GWP refrigerants have placed renewed emphasis on R-290 and other natural refrigerants. It was officially approved in a recent EPA SNAP ruling, and has been identified as a viable HFC alternative in the E.U.s F Gas regulations. And, with R-404A and HFC-134a officially delisted by the EPA in many commercial refrigeration applications, natural refrigerants including R-290 are primed for a broader resurgence.

    Advantages and ApplicationsBecause of its long history in refrigeration, R-290s performance efficiencies and thermodynamic properties have been well vetted. In terms of pressure, low back pressure, discharge temperature, volumetric capacity, capacity loss and coefficient of performance (COP), R-290 is very similar to R-22 (even outperforming it in certain characteristics).

    At Emerson Climate Technologies test labs, weve found R-290 capable of high-performing, efficient operation. Compared to the refrigerants it will likely be called upon to

    replace like the recently delisted R-404A and HFC-134a R-290 yields more capacity with lower wattage consumption (see Table 1). Weve developed a full line of Copeland hermetic compressors to be compatible with R-290. In terms of achieving regulatory compliance, R-290 is very appealing. First, its global warming potential (GWP = 3) is well below the global threshold of 150 GWP, which places it in an elite class of refrigerants from the standpoint of minimal environmental impact. And, its high-efficiency characteristics also qualify it as a candidate for meeting the Department of Energys (DOE) energy reduction rules that take effect in 2017.

    Because of its small charge limit of 150g, R-290 is typically used in smaller commercial applications, such as: beverage coolers, frozen drink machines, ice machines, small ice-cream freezers and small reach-in units. As such, select national foodservice chains recently began installing ice machines designed with R-290.

    The applications of R-290 in large food retail applications are more limited. Even in cases where it has been used with special permission to allow for 300g of charge, more compressors are needed to generate the capacity required to meet the refrigeration load. Most supermarkets currently

    The Case for R-290Reviewing the pros and cons for wider adoption of this low-GWP, natural refrigerant alternative

  • 22 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    consider this a deterrent for installing an R-290-based refrigeration system.

    Its also important to note that R-290 is not to be considered a drop-in refrigerant. As with the majority of refrigerants, equipment and components must be specifically designed for use with R-290 it requires a different compressor that will not always directly match the capacity or cost of existing HFC models.

    Challenges and MisperceptionsWhile the upside of R-290 may not be readily apparent to the industry outsider, the negative perceptions surrounding it are fairly well-entrenched. Its a common perception shared by the industry and governing bodies. The apprehension stems from the fact that R-290 is classified as an A3 refrigerant meaning its considered extremely flammable. Unfortunately, this negative perception may be somewhat unfounded. Most confuse propane, the domestic cooking gas commonly used in backyards for grilling, with propane the refrigerant. They are not the same compound, the former being a class 4 fire hazard. Anyone whos used a match to start a gas grill understands that inherent risk. Misunderstandings like these may very well be feeding into the misperception of R-290.

    The 150g charge limit for R-290 in commercial refrigeration amounts to little more than half a cup of liquid. Larger charges up to 300g have been used in the U.S., but these applications require special approval and certification.In the U.S., specifying an R-290-based refrigeration application can be challenging. End user projects are subject to state and municipal governments for fire and building code approval. Failure to gain the requisite approval, particularly in multiple locations throughout the country, is often a roadblock for R-290 adoption.

    Compared to traditional A1-based equipment, specifying R-290-based equipment typically requires an incremental investment in the business infrastructure where the equipment is installed. Building and fire code approvals are also required at OEM production facilities as well, with expenses that typically exceed $100,000.

    But for environmentally forward-leaning companies, R-290 and other natural refrigerants are becoming an increasingly attractive option.

    Finally, there are safe-handling considerations for R-290 applications. Both technicians and carriers along every step of the refrigerant supply chain will require proper training and certification.

    Careful Risk-Reward Analysis Is NeededR-290 has tremendous potential in commercial refrigeration. It is eco-friendly, highly efficient and high-performing. It could effectively eliminate EPA compliance concerns for the foreseeable future. But, despite its potential, R-290 has yet to achieve mass appeal. Public perceptions and an absence of an industry-wide safety infrastructure continue to curb its wider adoption.

    While the EPAs recent refrigerant delisting may have cleared the way for wider R-290 adoption, theres no telling if a new class of acceptable alternatives could push R-290 out of the picture again. New mildly flammable A2Ls such as HFO-1234yf offer similar performance and environmental characteristics. HDR-110 shows similar promise but will likely need some equipment system level adjustments. These continue to be tested and are not EPA SNAP approved at this time.

    It remains to be seen if the industry and the public will embrace R-290 as a viable natural alternative, or if the analysis taking place throughout the industry is leaning in its favor. No doubt, there are numerous business models and cases with specific benefit being developed; R-290s ability to satisfy these criteria will determine its level of adoption.

    R-290 at-a-Glance

    R-290 has obvious application benefits and well-known drawbacks. Its many benefits include:

    Hydrocarbon-based, non-synthetic substance EPA-approved in commercial refrigeration

    applications Very low environmental impacts; GWP = 3,

    ODP = 0 Relatively affordable High-efficiency, high-performance, reliable Safe when proper protocols and procedures

    are followed

    R-290 suffers from some drawbacks as well:

    Class A3 refrigerant that is flammable Globally mandated low charge limits of 150g

    restrict the application range Difficulty getting approved in fire and building

    codes Requires special handling requirements/

    certifications Lack of trained and certified field technicians

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 23

    Ensure there is proper air circulation for the condensing unit, the evaporator and the inter unit air circulation system (air ducts and floor racks).

    Defrost cold wall units as necessary.

    Clean condensing unit coil one to two times a year depending on how clean are the unit's surroundings.

    Check power source - the unit needs the right amount of electrical amps.

    Check the electrical cord and plug for damage.

    Check that evaporator fans are working and sound as if they are running properly.

    Check door, door opening and all the hardware (gaskets, handles, hinges, hinge spring kit, etc). Check door opening for damage from banging bags of ice.

    Make sure all safety and promotional decals are intact and legible.

    Check to make sure unit is cycling properly. The unit should go through a defrost cycle once every four hours and not run continuously.

    Merchandiser Maintenance

    The season is upon us. Make sure your units are ready by following this check-list. This a basic list. Contact RM with your specific (and/or favorite) merchandiser maintenance tip!

    Maintenance Tips

  • 24 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    Workplace SafetySIE Convention

    MORE PICS FROM THE SIE CONVENTION

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 25

    CalendarA

    PRIL Great Lakes Ice Association

    Annual ConventionApril 23 25Potawatomi Hotel & CasinoMilwaukee, WIgreatlakesice.org N

    OVE

    MBE

    R IPIA 99th Annual ConventionNovember 8 11Hyatt Hill CountrySan Antonio, Texaspackagedice.org

    Do you know of an event not listed? Let us know at refrigerationmag@gmail.com.

    2016 Industry Convention Calendar

  • 26 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    SOUTHEASTSANCHEZ REFRIGERATION EQUIP

    sanchezref@bellsouth.netCell: 954-648-2459

    Office: 386-597-6381

    (1) P-24A self-contain 1995 1-1/4 tubes water cool

    (1) Set heavy duty machine moving skates

    (1) Ammonia alarm, factory rebuilt

    (1) 2013 Hamer 540 used for 40# bags for 6 months only, like new

    (1) Matthiesen VLS auto- bagger S/S complete also used 6 months, like new

    (1) Oil separator for P-118

    (1) Hytrol 20 folding conveyor

    (1) Fiberglass cooling tower for P-118

    (1) S/S Valve Bagger for 40 or 50# bags self-seal Includes 100,000 plastic bags

    For pics call Ralph at 954-648-2459

    Ad IndexAmerican Ice Equipment Exchange, aieexchange.com............................ 25 & 27

    Classified Ads .........................................................................................................26-30

    Ice Systems & Supplies Inc. (ISSI), issionline.com............................................ 20 & 26

    Ing-Tech Corporation (ITC), itcpack.com ...................................................... 23 & 30

    Keet Consulting Services, LLC (KCS), kcsgis.com .....................................................9

    KEITH Walking Floor, keithwalkingfloor.com ............................................................12

    Matthiesen, matthiesenequipment.com ................................................................11

    Modern Ice, modernice.com .......................................................................... 28 & 31

    Polar Temp, polartemp.com ......................................................................................2

    Polar Temp Block Maker, polartemp.com ..............................................................32

    Polar Temp Express, polartemp.com ..................................................................16-17

    Sisco, siscoproductsinc.com .......................................................................................5

    USED EQUIPMENT FOR SALE Turbo Tig 33 Ice Maker, 98 model

    Mycom N6WB Compressors w/125 HP motors skid mounted w/oil separators (used with Vogt P34AL ice makers)

    Turbo CB38 Rake

    Screw Conveyor Drive Packages for 9" and 12" conveyors (great condition)

    Hammer RBC with conveyor

    Stainless 9" and 12" screw conveyors

    21' Hytrol belt conveyor

    Turbo CB87 with plastic chain and sprockets and stainless steel flights

    Morris 18 ton Tube Cube Maker, R22, 2006 model complete with evap condensor 1" ice

    Vogt 218, rebuilt in 2005, complete with cooling tower

    "NEW" KAMCO PARTS - Ice Systems & SuppliesRock Hill, SCToll free (800) 662-1273or (803) 324-8791

    Ad index/Classified ads

    CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING

    Rates are $1.00 per word, with a minimum charge. Any blind ads, with an assigned box number c/o publisher, add $10.00. Deadline for upcoming issue is the 1st of the previous month.

    For advertising and listing information, contact Mary at (404) 819-5446 or refrigerationmag@gmail.com.

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 27

    SOUTHEAST (continued)

    AND MUCH MORE!If you have discontinued ice bags or used equipment you would like to sell PLEASE CALL. SEE OUR USED EQUIPMENT WEB PAGE AT WWW.AIEEXCHANGE.COM. Call for surplus ice!

    Polar Temp Equipment Mike Landino - Toll free - 1-877-376-0367 E-mail (NEW ADDRESS): mlandino@polartemp.com Dont forget to call if you have a quality piece of used equipment for sale.

    USED EQUIPMENT FOR SALE

    HARD TO FIND PARTS?Impossible to Get?

    CALL FRANK!

    If he doesn't have it and he can't get it, it can't be found!

    Compressors, Vilters, Eclips, MRI 90, York, Y & G

    Series HDI Compressors, Frick, York, Vilter ALSO

    large selection of Parts for Compressors,

    Block Plants.

    We buy all types of used ice making & refrigeration equipment.

    COMER REFRIGERATION(386) 328-1687 | (386) 325-0909 (fax)

    crsrefrigeration@aol.com

    COMPLETE 5-TON ICE PLANT FOR SALE

    Casco 5-ton, 7/8" tube, R-22, 5F60 Carlyle open

    drive compressor, reconditioned in 2015.

    New valves and oil separator.

    Includes evaporator/condenser, 5-ton moving

    floor bin, 13ft incline galvanized auger, Perfection

    Ice Scoring Machine and Hamer 125.

    Many parts and manuals included.

    Also available, Vogt 3000, water cooled, comes

    with water tower; several stainless steel augers.

    Call Richard

    (276) 783-2397

    New Jersey Bag Closer Parts Cat Walk Platform for P34 Vogt Hamer 2001 Rebuilt 525 Form, Fill,

    & Seal Machines Rebuilt Hamer 125 Bag Closers

    with Stands Hamer 125 Bag Closers with

    Stands Hamer 14G Ring Closer, To

    Include Stand and Conveyor Hamer 310 Form, Fill, & Seal Kamco 14 Ton Moving Floor Ice Bin Orbital Bin Belt Conveyor, Hytrol 10 Belt Conveyor, Hytrol 11 Leer BL-39 Ice Block Maker

    Clinebell B-56s, 11lb Block Makers Clinebell CB300 300lb Block Makers Indy 7x16 Auto-Defrost Ice

    Transport Unit. Includes Trailer Matthiesen VL510 Top Load Galv.

    Bagger Matthiesen Bagger Take-Off

    System Matthiesen VLS, Bottom Load

    Bagger Vogt P24 7/8, W/C Vogt P24ALs 7/8 Ice Makers (2)

    with Refrigeration Vogt 18XT Mid Tube, 10 Ton Ice

    Maker

    Vogt 118 5 Ton Ice Maker 7/8, W/C Vogt 118 5 Ton Ice Maker 7/8, A/C Vogt 4000 4000lb 7/8 A/C Ice Maker Morris 70 Ton Nugget Ice Maker Morris 70 Ton Flake Ice Maker 7lb Wicketed mis-print Ice Bags 16lb Wicketed misprint Ice Bags 5lb Wicketed Ice Bags Magliner Ramp 28 x 13 4 Baltimore Aircoil CXV-184 Vilter VSM-601 Single Screw Compressor Type B Multi-System Control Panel Infra-Pak Stretch Wrappers Turbo Ice Sizer Large Inventory of Hard To Get Parts

    Classified ads

  • 28 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    MIDWEST

    NORTHEAST

    SNO CAP SALES, INC.St. Louis, MO | (636) 225-6011

    Carving Blocks For SaleClinebell quality, boxed and palletized. We are centrally

    located and ship nationwide. The Choice is Crystal CLEAR.

    Equipment For SaleS60 Block Maker

    Glass Doors for Merchandisers

    FOR SALE Frick screw (150 hp) with all control board starter etc

    Micom Recip N6 with controls and 40 Hp Ice crane for 24 block harvest

    12 cylinder Vilter recip no control or starter Block crusher (300lb), ice blower

    Vertical screw (old) various block equipment

    Contact Union Central Cold Storage Inc:farader@aol.com or (213) 489-4205

    FOR SALEModel C-5 ICE Universal Vibrating Screen3x5 Screen with 7/8 Screen Openings

    Call Jimmy: (920) 231-7784

    WANTEDUsed trailer to haul frozen foods small only up to 12'

    Email: info@WellsFamilyFarms.com

    SEEKING REFRIGERATION PERSONKnowledge of Turbo ice makers, freezers.

    Ownership in company is possible. Must be able to do all types of work pertaining to an ice business.

    Must have a class E license.

    Clinton, MissouriPhone #660-885-9000

    FOR SALESmall ice plant business in central Illinois. Good customer base with lots of growth potential. Owner wants to retire.

    Call Paul for more information.

    (217) 374-6500 (office) or (217) 473-2615

    ICE FOR SALE A Family Owned Ice Company

    Tube Ice7, 10, 20, 22 lb Bags

    Over a million bags in stockShipped or Picked upPIQCS Plus Accredited

    Arctic Ice Inc Call Steve Camenzind (314) 989-9090

    Ice Makers Vogt Ice Maker - P24A Morris Ice Maker Vogt Ice Maker - P118 Turbo Ice Maker CAR120 Turbo Ice Maker CF40SCER Vogt Ice Maker P418 Vogt Ice Maker HE30 Kold Draft Ice Maker

    Packaging Matthiesen Heat Seal Bagger Matthiesen Baler (3 Available) Hamer Form, Fill, and Seal

    Machine - 310

    Handling Matthiesen Shaker Belt with Stand Shaker 12 Stainless Steel Auger

    (Several Lengths) 12 Stainless Steel Shroud

    Trough Cover

    USED EQUIPMENT FOR SALE1-800-543-1581

    www.modernice.com

    Check our most recent inventory online at www.modernice.com!

    EQUIPMENT FOR SALESuction Accumulator - Chil-Con Model # AA24084, 24 x 7 high,

    with boil out coil Like new condition $6,000.00

    Receiver 12 x 30 with warming loop used with Vogt ice maker- Like new

    condition - $6,000.00

    Toshiba 125 HP Motor, Premium Efficiency

    Contact Kyle at Long Island Ice & Fuel Corp.

    (631) 727-3010 or (516) 790-6842

    Classified ads

  • May 2016 REFRIGERATION Magazine 29

    NORTHEAST (continued)

    Plastic liners for clear block makers $1.18/ea

    Reusable drip pans from $6.50/ea

    Over 500 items in stock for Ice Carvers

    VOGT ICE FOR SALE5, 7, 16 & 40 lb. bags.

    Water is lab tested for purity. Delivery or pick-up.

    Six generations of quality.

    Long Island Ice & Fuel Corp. Call (631) 727-3010

    FOR SALE

    140 ft. York herring bone 4 ton bridge crane Two Tuffy upenders

    Perfection block scorers Tip tables

    14 can filler Plus other equipment

    Call Gary Evans, Clayville Ice Co., Inc.(315) 839-5405

    Vogt Mini tube ice, 8, 20 & 40 lb. bags. All ice is screened, palletized & stretch wrapped.

    We deliver or you pick up. Our water is treated with ozone for sterilization. No Chlorine Added!

    Martin's Ice CompanyPhone (717) 733-7968 or fax (717) 733-1981 PA

    www.IceSculptingTools.com or (440) 717-1940

    ICE FOR SALE

    ICE CARVING TOOLS

    WANTEDLeer all-in-one racks.

    Contact Anderson Ice Co. at 570-752-3291

    Classified ads

    Morris 10 ton mini cuber M9000 R22 1 inch tube 4 one ton galv gravity bins SS auger 12"x12' no g/b or motor SS auger screw only 12"x12' 10'x9" galv auger complete w/ g/b 9'x9" galv auger complete w/ g/b 16'x9" galv vertical auger tunnel

    and screw only

    Misc augers and hoppers galv 5 Hoshizakl 2000 lb 3 ph w/c cubers Mycom 4 cyl ammonia compressor

    and oil separator to match Bohn air cooled condenser 4 Star block makers 10-12 lb

    blocks with cans. Hamer 310

    Merchandiser Parts for all brands at competitive prices.

    (877) 984-5945

    FOR SALE

    Call Gary at (203) 376-8567

    ICE MAKERS TURBO CF40 ICE MAKER VOGT P24A ICE MAKERS (3) VOGT P34A ICE MAKER VOGT P34AL W/ HIGH SIDE VOGT 9000

    REFRIGERATION 20 HP KRACK CONDENSER LIQUID OVERFEED VALVE PACKAGE 6.5 BOHN W/ EVAP CONDENSER

    RAKE BINS TURBO CB59 RAKE BIN

    BLOCK MAKERS B-56 W/ 4 HP CONDENSERS LEER BL39 W/ REMOTE CONDENSER TURBO BP-360 BLOCK PRESS

    SUPPLIES LEER ICE MERCHANDISERS BAGS AND WIRE PARTS AND REPAIR

    PACKAGING HAMER 125 NEW, USED AND

    REBUILT

    HAMER 125 W/ STAND & CONVEYOR

    HAMER RING CLOSERS

    HAMER RING CLOSER W/CONVEYOR

    HAMER 310 W/ 125 CLOSER

    HAMER 535 (RECONDITIONED)

    PALLET DISPENSER

    SLIP SHEET DISPENSER

    SS SHAKER W/ STAND

    SCREW AND BELT CONVEYORS 10, 20, 30 9 SS SCREW

    CONVEYORS W/ MOTOR & GEARBOXES

    HYTROL BELT CONVEYORS 10 & 16 PORTABLE FOLDING INCLINE

    CONVEYOR POWER 90 BELT CONVEYOR

    ITC EQUIPMENT FOR SALE1-800-599-4744 www.itcpack.com

    More Northeast classifieds on the next page

  • 30 REFRIGERATION Magazine May 2016

    USED MERCHANDISERS WANTEDContact: Ice King, Ryan Maasen

    at (480) 423-5464

    WANTEDVogt 6000 and Vogt 9000

    Call Charlie Bolton, Houston, TX

    (713) 643-0573

    FOR SALE2005 12 Ton Kamco Bin in good condition, $5000.

    Contact Greg LeBlanc at Orange County Ice, Bridge City, TX

    (409) 920-0037

    FOR SALE(1) Vogt P118 Reconditioned. Runs on R404 Freon.

    (1) Mini Tube Vogt, air-cooled 404 Freon(1) Mid Tube Vogt, air-cooled 404 Freon

    (1) Rebuilt CB P118

    Call Charlie Bolton (Houston, TX) (713) 643-0573

    EQUIPMENT WANTEDVOGTS P24s and P34s used in any conditions

    only MID or LARGE ice.

    Ice RAKE 30 tons or less used

    CONTACT US BEFORE YOU SELL! LPiceEquipment@gmail.com

    (809) 350-8297

    SOUTHWEST

    ICE EQUIPMENT

    Classified ads

    PACIFICICE MANUFACTURE AND SUPPLY

    BUSINESS FOR SALE HAWAII

    Strong existing customer base $200K Annual Sales Vogt Ice Machines

    3-Ton Stainless Steel Auger Feed Ice Bin

    2,500lb Storage (Walk-in Freezer) Isuzu MPR Refrigerated Box Truck

    Turn-Key

    Call (808) 384-7033 for more information. $80K

    ICE BUSINESS FOR SALESuccessful ice manufacturing and

    distribution business for sale. Established in 1983, located in Eastern Wash.

    Owner is retiring.

    Enjoy life and semi-retirement in this profitable business. Sale includes buildings, land, equipment, vehicles, and

    rental property.

    Miscellaneous ice merchandisers for sale - Glass and solid door.

    Contact Refrigerationmag@gmail.com for more information

    NORTHEAST (continued)FOR SALE

    Arctic Temp 8000 SM 4-Ton ice machine. Very low hours, barely used.

    Looking for $18,000.

    Manny Raza (732) 684-4464

    WANT TO BUYHamer 535 or 540 FFS Bagger; with or without

    all of the bells and whistlesCall Gregg at (614) 272-8404

  • Modern works with packaged ice clients who face increasing costs and require financing solutions and technical and engineering assistance to decrease downtime and increase their profits. Modern helps those clients with sales and terms programs, the best equipment and automation solutions, our Freeze Force technical support team, and by utilizing the best buying practices and inventory controls.Contact us to review your critical concerns we are the company to partner with to create solutions for your business!

    CALL US TODAY at1-800-543-1581

    Learn more about Modern atWWW.MODERNICE.COM